The aim of this research is to explore the potential of a European Transport Research Cloud (TRC) as a subset of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). On that purpose, a group of six experts was created to perform a preliminary analysis concerning the current practices, the main barriers, needs, and possible benefits of establishing a TRC. The experts collected data based on their personal experiences and contacts, prior research, as well as a survey was carried out with the participation of researchers from the transport sector. The results of this research led to ten recommendations, grouped into five thematic areas, which are considered essential for the development of a viable European Transport Research Cloud.