As transportation agencies aim at optimizing their investment performance, it is incumbent for many of them to develop explicit enterprise risk management strategies, methods, and tools as there are always risks that may impact the achievement of the desired performance level1. Transport and mobility management strategies must increase safety and reduce costs to support their sustainability and trustworthiness. Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) assisting these adaptations may lead to additional resource savings and further advance the safety performance of the roadway. The paper aims at demonstrating the necessity for ITS support during risk and emergency roadway management. Furthermore, it provides a source of references from practice that demonstrate the key role of ITS in risk and emergency management, in enabling traffic authorities for coordinated, effective, and efficient actions for addressing such situations. An overview of basic aspects of risk and emergency management is provided.