The scope of this diploma thesis is to investigate the impact of eco-driving in ruraland mountainous ruralroads. To achieve this objective, driving datafrom 39 participants were collected and the experimental procedure was carried out using a driving simulator. To complete the collection of the necessary data, the driving characteristics of the participants were collectedthrough a questionnaire survey. The driving experiment was completedtwo (2) times for each scenario, one before and one after informing the participants about eco-driving. The analysis of the data was performed through statistical analysis, specifically by creating statistical modelsusing linear and binomial logistic regression. The regressionmodels were developed for carbon dioxide emission, carbon monoxide emission, nitrogen oxide emission, fuel consumption and accident probability. The key conclusions of this thesis arethat eco-driving reduces the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere, the fuel consumption of vehicles and the probabilityof road accidents. Finally, driving in the mountainous rural network is associated with an increase in environmental pollutant emissions, fuel consumption and road accident probability compared to the rural network.