This paper concerns the presentation of the results from 31 Diploma Theses, which were carried out at the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens during the period 2000 – 2011. These Diploma Theses concern seven road safety disciplines: infrastructure, driver behaviour, driver distraction, pedestrians, weather conditions, economic valuation of road accidents and international comparisons. From this synthesis of the basic findings and of the analysis methodologies interesting conclusions are extracted for the road accident causes in Greece (speeding, driver distraction, road infrastructure, etc.) and the appropriate countermeasures (enforcement, low cost measures). In parallel, the important potential of road safety research at the Greek Technical Universities has been demonstrated.