The objective of this work is to identify the potential of accident analysis systems for the evaluation of road safety measures in the European countries and elaborate solutions for the necessary improvements on quality and uniformity in data collection and analysis.  The national road accident data collection and processing systems from several EU countries are considered and the possibilities and limitations for macroscopic road accident analysis are revealed.  Additionally, a comparative assessment of selected accident analysis systems destined also for the evaluation of road safety measures took place, which led to the identification of the parameters for the development of the appropriate systems.  A set of recommendations for future actions for the improvement of accident analysis systems in Europe is proposed, aiming to contribute to the implementation of more efficient road safety measures.