The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), together with the Road Safety Institute ‘Panos Mylonas’ organised a round-table event under the auspices of the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks and in cooperation with the Hellenic Institute of Trasportation Engineers in order to raise awareness amongst policy makers, the private sector and key opinion leaders of how to strenghten a systemic approach to reduce alcohol misuse in road transport, especially in poorly-performing EU Member States. The Workshop took place with great success on 21 March 2016 in Athens and NTUA Professor George Yannis coordinated the presentations and discussions among the more than 130 road safety decision makers, stakeholders and experts. During the conference the innovative system alcohol interlock was presented that does not allow the vehicle to start if the driver is found under the influence of alcohol.
A research titled ‘A mixed logit model for the sensitivity analysis of Greek drivers’ behaviour towards enforcement for road safety’ co-authored by G.Yannis and C.Antoniou from NTUA, was published in the Journal European Transport in December 2007. Traffic violations are among the leading causes of road accidents. In this research, the sensitivity of Greek drivers to a hypothetical intensification of police enforcement for speed violations and improper overtaking is analyzed, using stated preference data. It can be argued that while the “typical” Greek driver may not be particularly risk-prone, there are segments of the population that show a tendency to violate traffic laws.
A research titled ‘Road casualties and enforcement: distributional assumptions of serially correlated count data’ co-authored by G.Yannis, C.Antoniou and E.Papadimitriou from the NTUA, was published in the Journal Traffic Injury and Prevention in September 2007. Road safety data are often in the form of counts and usually temporally correlated. Using the generalized linear model framework, four distributional assumptions are considered: normal, Poisson, quasi-Poisson and negative binomial, and appropriate models are estimated. Monthly casualty and police enforcement data from Greece for a period of six years (January 1998–December 2003) have been used.
According to a recent NTUA research co-authored by G.Yannis, E.Papadimitriou and J.Gollias from NTUA, published in Accident Analysis and Prevention Journal, dealing with the ‘Multilevel modeling for the regional effect of enforcement on road accidents’, the effect of the intensification of Police enforcement of drinking and driving on the number of road fatalities at national and regional level was investigated, demonstrating that there are significant spatial dependences among road accidents and enforcement, which are interpreted better by qualitative similarities of the regions than geographical adjacency.
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Parameters affecting Greek drivers’ willingness to pay for the avoidance of road accidents’ was presented by Apostolia Salata and Emmanouil Androulidakis in October 2004. The “Stated Preference Method” was developed along with a questionnaire-based survey followed by a statistical analysis. The outcome has shown that the individual willingness to resort to paying depends on driving experience, reasons of driving outside urban areas, perceived risk, age, annual family income, number of children and reduction of the probability of being involved in a road accident.