The 4th European Motorcyclists Forum, organised by the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), hosted by the European Parliament members Inés Ayalá-Sender (S&D), and Wim van de Camp (EPP), Transport Committee Vice-Chairman Dominique Riquet (ALDE) took place in Brussels, on 2-3 February 2015. This year’s Forum focused on the question “How to tackle motorcycle safety challenges for the next decade?
After a series of presentations and discussions on the 2nd of February the second day was used to obtain views on the outcomes of the EU co-financed project RIDERSCAN– A European Scanning Tour for Motorcycle Safety, including the state of the art of motorcycle safety knowledge, access to powered two wheelers, the traffic and road environment, and how to convey safety messages to riding community, in order to set up a result-based PTW safety strategy. Subsequently, the Debate-Session in the Parliament took place in the morning of Tuesday 3rd of February and further expand on motorcycling safety in the context of the mid-term evaluation of Commission road safety policy orientations 2011-2020.
The 3rd European Motorcyclists’ Forum was organised by the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA) in cooperation with the Motorcycle Industry in Europe (ACEM), hosted by MEP Bernd Lange and took place with great success in the European Parliament in Brussels on 5-6 March 2014. This year’s Forum focused on the question “ITS : Can powered two wheelers benefit from new technologies deployment?” in the context of Horizons 2020 EU research and innovation programme.
The current state-of-the-art of ITS for transport has not undergone any specific impact assessment with regard to positive or negative consequences for the specific mode of transport on powered two wheels (PTWs). Powered two wheelers, as vulnerable road users, need to be carefully integrated into ITS innovation and deployment policies to guarantee that they also “benefit” from new technologies. All presentations are available at the website of the Forum , together with the respective Forum Memorandum.
The 14th road safety seminar “Motorcycles: we drive, we do not risk our lives” organised by the Traffic Police Section of Cyprus, took place on 29 November 2012, in Nicossia. NTUA Associate Professor George Yannis presented “Current Challenges on the Security of Motorcyclists in Europe”.
The 12th World Conference on Transport Research was held in Lisbon, Portugal. At the road safety sessions quite a few interesting papers were presented, some of them concerning research carried out by NTUA.
NTUA road safety presentations concerned:
Modelling Intelligent Speed Adaptation
Road infrastructure and Safety of Power Two Wheelers
Pedestrian gap acceptance for mid-block street crossing
Cell phone use and traffic characteristics
The 4th Pan-Hellenic Road Safety Conference was organised by the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers and the National Technical University of Athens.
Characteristics of lorry and bus accidents in Greece
Application of the SUNflower methodology for the assessment of two-wheeler safety in Greece
Correlations of road accident and meteorological conditions time-series
In December 2007, ETSC published a PIN Flash concerning roads safety of motorcyclists. In 2006 at least 6200 Powered Two-Wheeler (PTW) riders were killed in road crashes in the EU representing 16% of the total number of road deaths while accounting for only 2% of the total kilometres driven. Norway, Switzerland, Denmark and Finland are the least dangerous places to ride, with average rider deaths between 30 and 45 per billion kilometres. While Greece, among other countries, is just below the EU average of 86 riders killed per billion km.
A research titled ‘Mobility patterns of moped and motorcycle riders in Greece’ co-authored by G.Yannis, J.Golias, I.Spyropoulou and E.Papadimitriou from NTUA, was published in the Journal Trasportation Research Record in December 2007. A nationwide travel survey targeted at two-wheeler and passenger car active drivers was carried out. The results of the survey were exploited in two ways; first, the usage of the examined vehicle types in Greece was investigated in relation to driver characteristics, through the calculation of the respective sample distributions. The results demonstrated a clear difference between vehicle ownership rates and vehicle usage rates per vehicle type.
A workshop on setting the stage for the European Road Safety Observatory organised by the Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV) took place in Amsterdam in June 2007, aiming at addressing the connection between policy questions, knowledge and data.NTUA presented ‘Powered two-wheelers road safety’.
The manual ‘Helmets: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners‘ is one of a series of documents produce by an informal consortium (GRSP, WHO, the FIA Foundation and the World Bank) that aims to provide guidance to countries on how to implement some of the recommendations identified within the World Report, and thus improve their overall road safety record. This manual provides practical advice to road safety practitioners on how to achieve a much higher proportion of users of two-wheeled vehicles wearing helmets.
In April 2006 ACEM Publications released a handbook that describes the specific needs of riders and contains guidelines for those responsible for road design and road maintenance. Powered Two Wheelers differ in their use of the road in a number of ways from other vehicles and riders have different needs. The handbook includes recommendations and examples from all over Europe.
Accident risk of young drivers is 4 times the average for car drivers and 5 times the average of PTW riders. Drivers >65 years old are at increased risk, especially when riding mopeds or motorcycles. Accident risk decreases with driving experience. Vehicle age <1 year or >10 years is associated with increased accident risk. Male drivers (especially young ones) have much higher accident risk than females.
A research titled ‘Driver age and vehicle engine size effects on fault and severity in young motorcyclists accidents’ co-authored by G.Yannis, J.Gollias and E.Papadimitriou from NTUA, was published in the Journal Accident Analysis and Prevention in November 2004. Data from the national accident database of Greece were used to calculate accident severity and relative fault risk rates. Accident severity modelling revealed a significant second-order interaction between severity, driver age and two-wheel engine size. On the contrary, no second-order effects were identified in fault risk modelling. Moreover, a significant effect of driver age on accident fault risk was identified. The effect of engine size was not significant.