European Commission - Serious Road Traffic Injuries Report 2016

ITF - Safe System for Zero Road Deaths and Serious Injuries, 2016

ERF European Road Infrastructure Congress, Leeds 2016

NTUA ranked 3rd in Europe for scientific citations in transport 2016

Ministry of Infrastructure - eDrive Academy 2016

New older drivers legislation in Greece with NTUA contribution 2016

World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims 2016

Relating traffic fatalities to GDP in Europe on the long term 2016


Today the European Commission adopted a European Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS), a milestone initiative towards cooperative, connected and automated mobility. The Strategy will make it possible to deploy vehicles that can “talk” to each other and to the transport infrastructure on EU roads as of 2019. The main elements of the Strategy are:

  • Avoid a fragmented internal market
  • Define and support common priorities
  • Use a mix of communication technologies
  • Address security and data protection issues
  • Develop the right legal framework
  • Cooperate at international level
For more information about the C-ITS Strategy:  pdf5

This year’s Annual Polis Conference on “Transport innovation for sustainable cities and regions” took place with great success on 1 and 2 December 2016 in Rotterdam, Netherlands, organised by POLIS, the European cities and regions networking for innovative transport solutions. More than 400 mobility professionals and experts from across Europe and beyond came together to debate on urban and regional mobility.  pdf5

All presentations are now available. 

The 6th International Naturalistic Driving Research Symposium and the UDRIVE Final Event are organized by SWOV, Virginia Tech and UDRIVE and will be held in Hague, Netherlands, on 7-9 June 2017. The 6th International Naturalistic Driving Research Symposium will provide you with an overview of international naturalistic driving and riding studies and insight into the next generation of this type of studies. The symposium is a meeting place for the global Naturalistic Driving Research community, including scientists, industry and policy makers and offers plenty of opportunities to interact. In 2017, the symposium is organized in conjunction with the EC FP7 UDRIVE research project, where the results of this European Naturalistic Driving study will be presented. 

Abstracts deadline is set to 1 February 2017

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has recently published a Position Paper titled “The European Union’s Role in Promoting the Safety of Cycling” about Proposals for a safety component in a future EU Cycling Strategy, authored by Ellen Townsend. This paper builds on recent calls for the European Commission to come forward with a cycling strategy for the European Union. ETSC also supports the need for co-ordinated European action on cycling and would welcome a pan-European strategy. This paper is designed to serve as inspiration for the safety component of such a strategy and will look at initiatives within these different areas of action of relevance to cyclist safety pdf5

The World Health Organization has released a report that outlines policies for improving health care and other systems to provide the key elements of post-crash support. The Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 provides a framework for key activities that governments, international agencies, civil society organizations and other stakeholders can use to guide their efforts. Central to the framework is the Global Plan for the Decade of Action with its five “pillars” that address a range of road safety aspects, including road safety management, safer roads and mobility, safer vehicles, safer road users and post-crash response. As relates to the post-crash response, survivors and families affected by road traffic crashes have a range of physical, psychological and legal needs.  pdf5

The European Commission, in collaboration with the forthcoming Maltese Presidency of the European Union, is organising a high-level conference on road safety. This participatory stakeholder event will bring together road safety experts, stakeholders and political decision-makers on 28th March 2017, followed by a ministerial conference on the 29th March 2017. The event will give participants the opportunity to share knowledge and discuss ways to continue improving safety on European roads.

The Living and Walking in Cities Conference, organised by the Department of Civil, Environmental, Architectural Engineering and Mathematics of Universita Degli Studi di Brescia, now in its 23rd edition, will be held in Brescia, on 15-16 June 2017. This Conference traditionally looks at different themes concerning the quality of life in urban areas and the goal of this event is to gather researchers, road users, administrators, technicians, city representatives and experts aiming to discuss problems that affect the safety of pedestrians in the city, especially of children and persons with reduced mobility. The conference attracts practitioners and researchers where they can find detailed presentations on policy issues, best practices and research findings across the broad spectrum of urban and transport planning. The conference covers international issues, national and local policies and the implementation of projects at the local level. 

Closing date for submission of abstracts: 15 January 2017

The 49th CIECA General Assembly and Congress “Well-educated driving instructors and examiners: a pre-requisite for responsible drivers”will take place in Trondheim, Norway, on 8-9 June 2017. To become a safe, eco-friendly and responsible driver it is necessary to develop not only driving skills, but also personality related competencies through an appropriate educational process. The content of the educational programmes followed by the instructor as well as the examiner, together with their qualifications will be the core elements influencing the result of this process. Please note that the deadline for the submission of the abstracts is 7 December 2016. pdf5

The Conference of European Directors of Roads (CEDR) Road Safety Task Group has recently released a Position Paper titled “Main Road Safety Challenges for European Road Directors the next 5-10 years – Towards the Vision Zero“. The objective of this paper is to highlight some key challenges for the National Road Administrations and to emphasise the need to maintain an ongoing open and creative discussion across the National Road Administrations; to demonstrate the need to work together to advance Road Safetypdf5

ETSC has launched Managing Grey Fleet Safety: A Short Guide for Companies Whose Staff Drive Their Own Cars For Work. When a driver uses their own vehicle for work, they are still under the responsibility of the employer, and this presents a real challenge for managing associated work related road safety risk. Employers may think that it is easier to manage employees using their own cars for work, instead of a company car fleet. However once all of the considerations are taken into account this may not be the case. This guide has been produced to help organisations review and improve grey fleet management, with a specific focus on safety concerns. It will explain the legal responsibilities as well as the business benefits of an effective grey fleet management policy. And it will also explain how grey fleet road risks can be reduced through risk assessment, and stress the importance of integrating grey fleet policy in company procedures and management responsibility. pdf5

A new Legislation regarding older drivers was recently adopted in Greece: pdf5 O.G. 4413/2016 (Α’ 148), Article 74: Medical Assessment of Drivers and Candidate Drivers. According to this new Legislation, among other provisions, the minimum requirements for physical and mental fitness to drive were revised and all 80 years old drivers must complete a neurological, neuropsychological and psychiatric assessment in order to be considered as fit or not fit to drive. The results of extensive scientific research carried out jointly by NTUA and Attikon University Hospital have largely contributed to this new legislation.

The Road Traffic Safety Agency of Serbia (RTSA) together with several Serbian and international road safety Governmental, Academic and other organisations are organising the 12th International conference Road Safety in Local Communities that will be held in Tara Mountain, Serbia, on 19-22 April 2017. The conference subject areas are the following:
  • Strengthening of institutional capacity to further national road safety efforts
  • Improve the safety of road network
  • Improve vehicle safety
  • Improve road safety behaviors
  • Improve care after traffic accident

The first announcement of the conference and the call for papers is available here: pdf5

More information available here: 

The Final SafetyCube Conference will be held on 22-23 March 2018, in Vienna. SafetyCube is a research project funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, in the domain of Road Safety. The project started on May 1st, 2015 and will run for a period of three years with primary objective to develop an innovative road safety Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable policy-makers and stakeholders to select and implement the most appropriate strategies, measures and cost-effective approaches to reduce casualties of all road user types and all severities in Europe and worldwide.

The recently established Road Infrastructure Safety Directorate (P.D.109/2014) pdf5 of the Hellenic Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks has further adapted Greek legislation to the provisions of Directive 2008/96/EC pdf5 on Road Infrastructure Safety Management by introducing the certification procedures for Road Safety Auditors in Greece (OG 1694/13.6.2016) pdf5.

This new legislation concerns the establishment and implementation of procedures for road safety audits and inspections, the assessment of road safety impacts and the management and improvement of the Greek national road network safety level, at the design, construction and operational stages. According to these new procedures, Road Safety Audits will be performed by Certified Auditors who should have completed a Certified Road Safety Training Program and obtained the certificate of competence.  NTUA has actively contributed to the development of these procedures and the related scientific supporting material.

Dr. Papantoniou obtained the NTUA Thomaidion Αward 2016 for the publication of the journal paper titled “Assessment of driving simulator studies on driver distraction, co-authored by Prof. George Yannis and Dr. Eleonora Papadimitriou in the Advances in Transportation Studies. doi

Dr. Pavlou obtained the NTUA Thomaidion Αward 2016 for the publication of the conference paper titled “Driving behaviour of drivers with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer’s Disease: a driving simulator study, co-authored by Dr. Eleonora Papadimitriou, Dr. Costas Antoniou, Dr. Panagiotis Papantoniou, Prof. George Yannis, Prof. John Golias, and Dr. Sokratis Papageorgiou, in the Proceedings of the 94th Annual meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, January 2015. pdf5

According to a recent University Ranking, based on the number of references in scientific journals over the last decade (2007-2016) in the field of transportation, NTUA ranks 3rd in Europe and 19th worldwide (h-index: 26). The Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens has contributed largely to this excellent performance and road safety was one of the main components. 

The Road Safety Unit of DG Move of the European Commission has recently released a Report titled “Study on Serious Road Traffic Injuries in the EU” prepared by SWOV, Loughborough University and BAST.  According to the European Commission, 135,000 people are seriously injured on European roads every year  and while the number of deaths has fallen dramatically over the last decade, serious injuries have declined at a much slower rate. It is therefore recommended in this study that the EU should set a target to reduce the number of people seriously injured in road collisions.

The new study examined real world collision data and investigation outcomes from across Europe in an attempt to boost understanding of the most common collision situations that result in serious injuries. The data reveal many of the key risk factors and victim profiles which could help member states identify the best measures to reduce such collisions. pdf5

The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims is observed on the third Sunday of November each year (this year on 20 November 2016) by an increasing number of countries on every continent around the world. From 1995, the European Federation of Road Traffic Victims (FEVR) observed this day, as European Day of Remembrance, that was adopted by the United Nations in 2005, and is dedicated to remembering the many millions killed or injured in road crashes and their families and communities, as well as to pay tribute to the dedicated emergency crews, police and medical professionals who daily deal with the traumatic aftermath of road death and injury.   twitter

Several activities took place worldwide, including those of:

Several activities took also place in Greece:

The European Commission has published the 2016 edition of the EU Transport Scoreboard , a benchmark which compares how Member States perform in 30 categories covering all aspects of transport , including road safety . The objective of the Scoreboard is to assist EU Member States to identify areas requiring priority investment and action and demonstrates how the EU further deepens the internal market in transport.

e-Drive Academy is an Innovative Educational e-platform for Safe, Smart, Ecological Transport and Driving, developed and operated by the General Directorate of Road Safety of the Hellenic Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks. e-Drive Academy provides all necessary educational services in order to develop an improved road safety culture and safe travelling for all road users, regardless of age, education or economic level. The objective of e-Drive Academy is to raise awareness of road users to adapt their behaviour to safer everyday travelling, with particular emphasis on consolidation of road safety issues and traffic safety education of children and preparing them as the responsible drivers of tomorrow. 

Road Statitics Yearbook 2016” has been released by the European Union Road Federation (ERF). As for many years, this publication provides the road community with essential information on the road transport sector and remains a reference for all policy makers and major stakeholders. The publication features a range of interesting figures concerning the road network in Europe from the length of motorways to funding, past and on-going. Underinvestment in roads, especially the past years of the financial crisis, represents a threat in the social and economic development of the EU member states. ERF hopes to help stakeholders obtain a clear picture of the current situation of roads in Europe and thus better plan future solutions and actions. pdf5 link

The New Urban Agenda is a twenty year global policy framework for cities. It has been adopted at the United Nations Habitat III conference, held in Quito, Ecuador. The #SaveKidsLives campaign, contributed towards ensuring road safety goals were included in the Global Goals. Now, with over 1 million supporters, the #SaveKidsLives campaign marks a significant achievement; the New Urban Agenda includes the core objective of a ‘safe and healthy journey to school for every child’ as a prioritylink

The Independent Council for Road Safety International (ICoRSI) is a new not-for profit organization, launched at September 2016, which provides independent authoritative advice on global road safety policies by road safety scientists that have no financial conflicts of interest. ICoRSI aims to provide rapid, independent and evidence-based information on road safety policy and practice to policy makers and the public, strengthen the capacity of safety professionals and policy makers to understand existing evidence and undertake new research and facilitate in capacity building for safety professionals and policy makers in the field of transportation safety. 

A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Correlation of road safety performance with social and economic indicators in the European Union’ was presented by Ioannis Zantiris in November 2016. For this correlation a database was developed containing the most recent data regarding population, road fatalities, gross domestic product per capita, human development index, unemployment rate and several other economic and social indicators for the twenty eight countries of the European Union. Subsequently, multiple linear regression models were developed and applied for all countries and for groups of countries (northwestern, eastern, southern). The analysis demonstrated that the Human Development Index has the most important impact than any other parameter and its increase leads to road fatalities decrease.  pdf5 ppt5

The 3rd International Congress “Traffic Enforcement: Challenges & Perspectives” was organised by the Emirates Traffic Safety Society (ETSS), the Arab Road Safety Organization (AROSO), La Prévention Routiére Internationale (PRI) and the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) and took place with great success in Abu Dhabi, on 2-3 November 2016. Key road safety experts contributed the state of the art developments on traffic safety enforcement worldwide. The final programme of the Congress is available here: pdf5

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Best Practices for Efficient Traffic Safety Law Enforcement Programs‘ ppt5

The 2016 Safe Roads – Safe Kids Summit will be held on December 8-9, 2016, in Washington D.C. It is a biennial event designed to significantly enhance the visibility of global road safety on the international agenda and to reduce the number of deaths and injuries among children. The Summit offers stakeholders at all levels the opportunity to work together in a manner that is action-oriented and focused on meaningful outcomes, including international organizations, governments, corporations, foundations, researchers, non-governmental organizations, health care workers, first responders, law enforcement, families and children. The 2016 Safe Roads – Safe Kids Summit will help build momentum for urgently-needed progress on road safety for children worldwide. It will focus on rapid implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (Global Goals) as they apply to road safety for children. 

The agenda is available here: pdf5

The Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT), Lao PDR, the Ministry of the Environmet (MoE), Japan, Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT), the United Nations Economic and Social Commission of Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP) and the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD) are organising the Intergovernmental Tenth Regional EST Forum in Asia under the theme “2030 Road Map for Sustainable Transport ~ Aligning with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”. The forum will be held from 14 to 16 March 2017 in Vientiane, Lao PDR. It is expected that approximately 500 participants, including senior government representatives from Asia and the Pacific countries, city mayors, international experts, resource persons, and others as listed below will be attending the conference. 

The 2017 International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference will take place in Antwerp, Belgium, on 13-15 September 2017. The focus of IRCOBI is on the avoidance and reduction of the severity of traffic accidents, with special emphasis on advanced safety technologies and the biomechanics of injury.  twitter

The deadline for abstract submission is set for 15 December 2016.

Safer City Streets, the new global traffic safety network for liveable cities, was launched on 18 October during the UN Habitat III conference in Quito, Ecuador. Safer City Streets is managed by the International Transport Forum and it is built for cities to share their experience and learn from each other. Cities address many challenges by working together and learning from each other – but so far not in road safety. Safer City Streets fills this gap by linking cities that are working to make their citizens safer in traffic. It provides city officials high-value information for better decision making, global networking and learning opportunities for city officials and the possibility to carry out research on topics of common interest. Member cities have access to policy-relevant data, a network of experts and targeted analysis. link link

NTUA has actively contributed to the Methodology for Developing the Database and Network.  link

The FEHRL Infrastructure Research Meeting 2017 (FIRM17) will be held on 5-7th April 2017 at the Diamant Centre in Brussels, Belgium. The theme will be “The future transport system: a public-private enterprise embracing infrastructure and vehicles across all modes”, Key highlights will include the presentation of FEHRL’s new Strategic European Road Research Programme (SERRP), key addresses from the main stakeholders (EC, CEDR, PIARC, ERTRAC, ECTP), outline of the vision for the future cross-modal transport infrastructure and its implementation plan, a round table of the deployment of automated connected vehicles and a workshop about training and knowledge transfer for transport stakeholders. 

The Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers (HITE) and the Hellenic Institute of Transport (H.I.T.) co-organize the 8th International Congress on Transport Research (ICTR), which will be held on 28-29 September 2017, in Thessaloniki, Greece. The spotlight theme of the 2017 Congress is: The Future of Transportation in Greece: A Vision for 2030. The ICTR has been a major event in the field of transportation research in Greece for the past 15 years with the active contribution of the research and academic community, the authorities as well as the public and private sector involved in the development and implementation of innovative projects in the field of transport. The deadline for abstract submission is set for December 15th, 2016. 

EuroNCAP announced it’s latest safety ratings, sorted by the date of publication, by star rating and by make in alphabetical order. In 2016, the star rating is based on a vehicle fitted only with safety equipment which is standard across the entire model range, throughout EU28. All cars that we assess now have a rating with standard safety equipment only. A second rating may be available for the same vehicle model which represents the additional safety available from a ‘safety pack’. This pack must contain all of the safety technologies needed to achieve the additional star rating and must be available on all variants in all countries where the additional equipment is not standard. The EuroNCAP’s latest safety ratings are now available: 

A conference on intelligent transportation systems and related developments in Greece, organised by ITS Hellas will take place in Athens, on 19-20 December 2016. Aim of the conference is to discuss the latest developments and the wide application of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in Greece, as a mean of economic development and prosperity and to ensure the effectiveness, efficiency and transport safety for the benefit of users and the environment. 

The 12th ITS European Congress will take place from 19 to 22 June 2017 at the Strasbourg Convention Centre. Under the theme “ITS Beyond Borders”, the Congress will focus on the people, intelligent mobility users, as every day hundreds of thousands of them are crossing the French-German border to live their daily lives. During the Congress, the City and Eurometropolis of Strasbourg and ERTICO – ITS Europe will host the second edition of the Mayors’ Summit. City mayors and leaders from Europe will gather again to explore opportunities, experiences and strategies related to present and future contributions of ITS to seamless travel and sustainable, efficient and innovative mobility. The 12th European ITS Congress 2017 is organised by ERTICO – ITS Europe in partnership with the European Commission and hosted by the City and Eurometropolis of Strasbourg.

The Transportation Public Health Link (TPH Link), the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), and Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM) are organising the International Conference on Transport & Health (ICTH). ICTH is a direct participatory experience. Policy-makers, practitioners and academics from multiple disciplines involved in transport planning and engineering, public health, urban planning, spatial and architectural design, environmental planning, economics and beyond will convene at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) Campus Mar located in Barcelona, Spain, 27-29 June 2017, to share their stories of success and failure; build world-wide collaborative friendships; but most importantly, leave inspired! The theme for ICTH 2017-Barcelona is “Changing Perspectives: Health Impacts of Urban & Transport Related Exposures.”

The deadline for abstract submission is set for 22 January 2017.

The 29th ICTCT workshop took place in Lund, Sweden, on 20-21st October 2016 and offered a multidisciplinary forum for lively discussion among inter­national experts in an open-minded and friendly atmosphere. The workshop mainly dealt with the question how to assess traffic safety. According to the philosophy of ICTCT, the safety assessment should not only rely on accident data but actively utilise other non-accident indicators that reflect the accident risk. Such methods are widely used in in rail and air transport, while acceptance is still low among road safety professionals. 

The programme is available here: pdf5
The 1st edition of the European Road Infrastructure Congress organised by the European Union Road Federation, in partnership with the Road Safety Markings Association, took place with great success in Leeds, on 18-20 October 2016. The Congress brought together more than 500 policy makers, academics, research institutes, road authorities and industry representatives from across the continent to explore the following three overarching themes: 1. Delivery of the road infrastructure, 2. Road Safety, 3. Adaptation of the road infrastructure. 
All presentations of each congress session are now available: 

A new two-day short course which has been developed by the Loughborough University Design School in association with Jeanne Breen Consulting is going to take place on 11-12 April 2017, in Loughborough. The background to this initiative is the adoption of Safe System by an increasing number of agencies, cities and jurisdictions in the United Kingdom and in the British Road Safety Statement.  This two-day course has been formulated to support professionals from the many sectors and disciplines involved in road safety and road traffic injury prevention, both in public and private sectors. The aim is to assist in the understanding of the Safe System goal and approach and what is involved in its broad implementation in terms of transport, planning, highway, vehicle, health, insurance, enforcement, education and research fields. pdf5

The Therapeutic Alliance Workshop, organised by the Athens Medical Society, at this year’s conference was aiming to highlight all modern reinforcement tools for patients and enhance their communication with physicians and other health professionals which can contribute decisively to a more secure and effective management of chronic diseases. The 5th Session of the Conference concerned Cognitive Impairments/Dementia: road and traffic safety issues of patients with the active contribution of NTUA. 

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 The driving behaviour of patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment or Dementia

ppt5 The behaviour of pedestrians with mild dementia

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) held the 6th Annual European PRAISE Conference on work-related road safety in Brussels on 19 October. Using the roads is a necessary part of our working lives but it’s an ordinary activity that leads to an incredibly high level of injury and death. The conference brought together fleet safety managers, EU institutions, government representatives and road safety experts to discuss the latest developments and priorities in work related road safety. The winners of the ETSC PRAISE awards 2016 were also announced. The program included contributions from leading occupational health and safety experts and featured presentations of ETSC’s new reports: ‘Managing Grey Fleet Safety’ and ‘Making Taxis Safer’. link

The agenda pdf5 and the press release link are now available.

The 23rd Meeting of the International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group (IRTAD) organised by the International Transport Forum (ITF) took place in Rome, on 12-14 October 2016. 

NTUA presentation concerned: Design of the European Road Safety Decision Support System ppt5

ITF / IRTAD together with the Horizons 2020 project SaferAfrica organised a workshop regarding Road Safety in Africa which took place with great success on 12 October 2016, at Sapienza University of Rome, The workshop focused on “Fostering strategic cooperation between Africa and Europe on road safety” and it included two sessions: 1. Road safety policies and strategies and 2. Support for the road safety improvement in Africa. pdf5

NTUA presentation concerned: Road safety knowledge and data in Africa ppt5

The 2016 TISPOL Conference organised by the European Traffic Police Network took place with great success on 4-5 October, in Manchester. There was an interesting and varied line-up of speakers from police, policymaking and industry across Europe coverning a wide range of traffic enforcement and road safety topics. The 200+ people involved with TISPOL International Road Safety Conference made it an exceptionally useful and worthwhile event. Two days of compelling and engaging content were delivered without exception by passionate and enthusiastic people, all with something worthwhile to add to the theme of innovation and success. video

A joint congress event consisting of the “16th Annual Meeting of Geriatric Psychoneuropharmacology” and the “5th International Congress on Psychiatry and the Neurosciences” took place with great success in Athens from the 6th to the 8th of October 2016. These congresses were organized jointly by the International College of Geriatric Psychopharmacology (ICGP) and the Hellenic Society for the Advancement of Psychiatry and Related Sciences (HSAPRS), aiming to promote the interface and interaction among various disciplines and to relate to Neuropsychiatry and Geriatric Psychopharmacology.   The book of abstracts is available here: pdf5

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Relationship of neuropsychiatric symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and driving behavior

ppt5 Driving performance and MCI: The influence of neuropsychiatric symptoms (Best Poster Presentation Award)

A new Report “Investing to prevent road trauma saves lives and pays financial dividends” launched by FIA Foundation on 22nd September 2016 during the iRAP Innovation Workshop hosted by the World Bank in Washington DC, presenting findings to representatives of development banks, philanthropies and road authorities. The new report builds on the last year’s Report: Breaking the Deadlock: A Social Impact Investment Lens on Reducing Costs of Road Trauma and Unlocking Capital for Road Safety and is part of the FIA Foundation’s ‘Financing for Development’ series of policy and research papers. link

The International Transport Forum has recently published an evidenced based Research Report titled “Zero Road Deaths and Serious Injuries: Leading a Paradigm Shift to a Safe System“, prepared by the Safe System Implementation Working Group composed by international road safety experts including NTUA Prof. George Yannis. This ITF Safe System Report was presented at a dedicated Road Safety Seminar, held with great success on 3 October 2016 in Paris France. All presentations are now available.  link

This Report is relying on experiences in ITF/OECD countries, with practical policy recommendations for the attention of policy makers on the various steps in implementing a safe system approach. A Safe System is based on the premise that road crashes are both predictable and preventable, and that it is possible to move towards zero road deaths and serious injuries. This, however, requires a fundamental rethink of the governance and implementation of road safety policy. link

The 5th Panhellenic Interdisciplinary Conference of Special Psychiatric Hospitals and the 3rd Panhellenic Conference of Holistic Addressing with Severe Mental Disorder took place with great success in Kalamata, from 29th September to 2nd October, 2016. pdf5

NTUA presentation concerned: “Driving ability assessment process of the elderlyppt5

The 27th ARRB Conference is going to be held in Melbourne, Australia from 16th to 18th November 2016. The ARRB Research Conference creates the opportunity for road and transport professionals to share and explore the latest ideas, knowledge and technologies in order to maximize the total economic and social benefit of road infrastructure. The 27th Conference in this series is to explore infrastructure and its associated technologies in the context of the reasons for which the roads exist and the users for whom they exist. link
The International Road Federation’s 18th World Road Meeting (WRM), is scheduled be held in Delhi, India on November 14th – 17th, 2017. The theme of the 18th WRM is “Safe Roads and Smart Mobility : The Engines of Economic Growth.” WRM 2017 will bring together representatives of business, industry, governments, public sector organisations, mult-ilateral institutions, leaders and transport experts from the automotive, financial, road and transport infrastructure, and construction sectors;  professionals, academics, consultants, infrastructure operators, contractors and manufacturers from across the world. link

The Directorate General for Mobility and Transport (DG Move) of the European Commission released the Statistical Pocketbook 2016 ‘EU Transport in figures‘. In this Statistical Pocketbook, key road safety Tables are contained, together with several other Tables on transport statistics, providing a complete picture of current trends in transport in Europe. Data on road fatalities for the EU member states and associate countries allow for time series comparisons and country rankings. link

On the occasion of the World Day of Alzheimer Disease (21/09/2016), the Department of Mental Disorders / Dementia of the Second Neurological Clinic of the University Hospital “Attikon” organized with great success an informational event on the latest developments in Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia diseases. The event includes speeches by professors of the Athens University Medical School and specialized health professionals who answered questions in relation to the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and other topics related dementias.

Dr. Dimosthenis Pavlou made two presentations which concerned two critical questions:

ppt5 Which are the latest developments about assessing driving behaviour of patients with Alzheimer’s disease?

ppt5 Can we consider patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment as safe drivers?

The European Traffic Police Network (TISPOL) together with the European Commission DG Move Road Safety Unit have launched the project EDWARD – the European Day Without A Road Death 2016, which took place with great success on 21 September 2016. This day there were 43 road deaths across 31 countries, compared to 70 fatalities on the same day in 2015 (reduction of almost 39%) with 19 countries recording zero fatalities on 21 September, compared with 11 countries in 2015. A full country-by-country result report is now available: link

Project EDWARD also featured a road safety pledge asking road users to promise to: drive at speeds that are both legal and safe, pay particular attention when driving near schools, never drive after drinking alcohol or taking drugs/medicines, always wear seat belt and not using mobile phone while driving. link

 

The 15th International Alcohol Interlock Symposium organised by the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) and the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), took place with great success on 13-15 September, in Brussels. Alcohol interlock programs have expanded greatly in recent decades. Today, programs combine technological advances with more tailored and efficient monitoring strategies to deliver high-quality services. The theme of the 2016 Symposium is “Efficiency Through Automation”. As alcohol interlock technology evolves, it becomes increasingly important to understand how intelligent devices can be embedded in sophisticated vehicles and linked to database systems to make services more accessible and enhance road safety

Please use the following link to download the presentations:

NTUA presentation concerned: Alcohol Interlocks & Building Capacity for Automated Solutions ppt5

Dimosthenis Pavlou has successfully defended his PhD dissertation titled: Traffic and safety behaviour of drivers with neurological diseases affecting cognitive functions. This PhD thesis was carried out at the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering at the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens under the supervision of Prof. George Yannis. The impact of brain pathologies on reaction time, accident probability, driving errors, and driving performance was under investigation. The driving behaviour was examined in terms of both traffic and safety behaviour and the neurological diseases affecting cognitive functions concerned Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). A large-scale driving simulator experiment was carried out, comprising a medical/neurological and neuropsychological assessment of 225 drivers, and a set of driving tasks for different scenarios. An innovative statistical analysis methodology has been developed and implemented, based on Regression Models, Principal Component Analysis and Structural Equation Models. pdf5 ppt5 ppt5

Selected papers of the Transport Research Arena Conference which took place in Paris in 2014 are now published by ISTE/Wiley. A special volume co-edited by NTUA Prof. George Yannis, and ENPC Prof. Simon Cohen is dedicated to Traffic Safety, containing theoretical chapters and practical case studies addressing topics such as road safety management and policies, accident analysis and modeling, vulnerable road users’ safety, road infrastructure safety, ITS and railway safety.  doi

 
A workshop on ‘Regulating drink driving to protect all road users’ will take place on 18 October 2016, in Brussels. This year’s European Transport Safety Lecture will be given by Prof Richard Allsop, Emeritus Professor of Transport Studies, University College London and will be followed by a panel debate. The event is part of the SMART project on drink driving. link
A four page brochure titled ‘How 3-star or better roads can cut death and trauma’ is now available by EuroRAP aiming to support its members and road safety professionals across the continent in their meetings with key policy makers. The brochure provides key statistics and cost-benefit analyses to make the economic case for improving road infrastructure in order to help reduce deaths on Europe’s roads by 2020 to less than 50% of their 2010 total of 31,500. It features case studies and national 3-star policy targets and sets out recommended policy goals. link
The Sixth International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology (ICTTP2016), organised by QUT’s Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety – Queensland (CARRS-Q) and Griffith University’s Menzies Health Institute Queensland took place in Brisbane, Australia, on 2-5 August 2016. It was the first time an ICTTP has been held in the Southern Hemisphere and only the second time outside of Europe. The Conference was a global forum, with a theme of “UN Decade of Action For Road Safety: The Half-way Point”, at which nearly 400 road safety experts from 39 countries attended, including researchers, practitioners, policy-makers and industry from the areas of public health, law, medicine, economics, law enforcement, public policy, education, human factors, and psychology met, presented and discussed on the latest work being undertaken in these areas.
The UN Road Safety Collaboration is organising the global campaign for the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week, 8-14 May 2017. The Week will focus on speed and what can be done to address this key risk factor for road traffic deaths and injuries. Speed contributes to around one-third of all fatal road traffic crashes in high-income countries, and up to half in low- and middle-income countries. The Global Road Safety Week seeks to increase understanding of the dangers of speed and generate action on measures to address speed, thereby saving lives on the roads. link
A paper titled ‘Mobile phone use, speed and accident probability of young drivers‘ authored by George Yannis, Leonidas Roumpas and Eleonora Papadimitriou is now published in Advances in Transportation Studies. A driving simulator experiment was carried out, in which young participants drove in different driving scenarios: urban and interurban areas, good or rainy weather, with or without the occurrence of unexpected incidents. Log-normal linear regression waw used to analyze the influence of mobile phone use and other parameters on the mean speed of drivers, whereas binary logistic regression was used to analyze the influence of mobile phone, change in speed and other parameters on accident probability. The results suggest that mobile phone use leads to statistically significant overall decrease of the mean speed. However, some drivers increased their speed during the mobile phone conversation, a case which has received little attention in the literature. Mobile phone use leads to significant increase of accident probability, indicating that the speed reduction when using a mobile phone is not sufficient to counterbalance the overall increased risk, especially when an unexpected incident occurs. doi
The International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published recently the full version of the Annual Report 2016, which comprises a synthesis of the main trends and road safety indicators for the year 2014 and preliminary data for the year 2015. It presents longer-term trends in order to better understand the developments taking place in the different countries. While the 32 IRTAD member countries made good progress in reducing road deaths in the first half of the UN Decade of Action – the number of road fatalities fell by 8.8% between 2010 and 2014 – this positive trend faltered in 2015 when the number of road deaths increased in at least 19 countries, while only nine countries managed to reduce or stabilise their road death toll in 2015.  Detailed validated reports for each country are illustrated in the full version of the IRTAD Annual Report. NTUA has contributed to the detailed report for Greece. doi

The World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR) organised by the WCTRS and the Tongji University took place on 10-15 of July 2016, at Shanghai, China. The programme included more than 1.170 papers presented in oral and poster sessions. The authors from 65 countries ensured WCTR 2016 as a truly international event. The aims of the WCTR Conference were to offer a unique opportunity to bring together experts in all aspects of transport research, from all parts of the world and to stimulate the exchange of ideas in the broad field of transport research. 

The Conference Key Findings are now available. 

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Human factors of pedestrian walking and crossing behaviour

pdf5 ppt5 Road safety data and priorities in South-East European regions

pdf5 ppt5 Review of driving performance parameters critical for distracted driving

pdf5 ppt5 Assessing the driving performance of drivers with cerebral diseases

pdf5 ppt5 Investigation of road accident severity per vehicle type

pdf5 ppt5 Texting on Young Drivers Behavior by Means of Multivariate Copulae Analysis

A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Investigation of declared and revealed driver behaviour using vehicle diagnostics’ was presented by Natalia Vittoratou in July 2016. The aim of this diploma thesis is the correlation of stated and revealed driver’s behavior with the use of vehicle on-board diagnostics (OBD) data. On that purpose, a large data set from a driving behavior experiment was exploited, which recorded continuously (per second during a period of three months) the behaviour of 17 drivers. These data concerned harsh acceleration and braking, average traffic speed and mileage travelled. Drivers’ stated behaviour was investigated through a corresponding questionnaire. For the data analysis, a mathematical statistical model was developed using linear regression. The results demonstrated a strong correlation between harsh brakings and accelerations on one hand and the number of accidents, the annual income and the declared frequency of harsh braking on the other.  pdf5 ppt5
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Attitudes of european drivers towards distraction‘ was presented by George Vasilakis in July 2016. The objective of this thesis is to examine the attitudes of European drivers towards driving distraction. To achieve this objective, responses of a representative sample of 17.000 European drivers are analyzed from the European survey ESRA, conducted in 2015. The analysis of driver behavior is carried out with the use of statistical methods of cluster analysis and negative binomial distribution. Through the method of cluster analysis, four different groups of European countries were ultimately formed with larger and smaller population, high and low income and the characteristics of each group were identified. Τhe results of cluster analysis were used at the negative binomial distribution in which the answers of Europeans to selected questions were summarized in the basic factors describing their driving behavior, the use of mobile phone during driving and their views on issues related to road behavior of other drivers, the existing measures for road safety, and driver’s distraction.  pdf5ppt5
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Correlation of driver characteristics and its safety performance‘ was presented by Vasiliki Agathangelou in July 2016. This Thesis aims to correlate driver’s characteristics with its safety performance. In order to achieve this objective, two sets of assessments were used where 12 drivers participated on an expert assessment using on-road driving together with a self-evaluation questionnaire. The analysis of the drivers’ behaviour was carried out using the statistical methods of factor analysis and linear regression analysis. Three groups that characterise drivers’ perception of careless, aggressive and cautious driving behavior were derived from factor analysis. Moreover, linear regression analysis revealed that driving experience, headways, self-reported driving skill and defensive driving positively affect the overall on-road driving performance score. More precisely, it was ascertained thatdriving experience leads to statistically significant increase in overall on-road driving performance score.  pdf5ppt5
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Analysis of aggressive driving characteristics in Greece‘ was presented by Eva Kalpaxidi in July 2016. The aim of the present Diploma Thesis is the analysis of the characteristics of aggressive driving in Greece exploiting the Pan-European survey of road user’s attitudes: ESRA. Factor Analysis as well as Binary Logistic Regression and Negative Binomial Regression Models were developed in order to demonstrate the correlation between aggressive driving, police checks and the number of accidents caused by aggressive driving. The statistical models developed demonstrated that gender and age play a major role in aggressive driving, the majority of the drivers take positions against speeding and aggressive driving is described by three different characteristics: actions against other drivers, negative feelings and risk-taking actions while driving.  pdf5 ppt5

The Benchmarking Albania towards EU Road Safety Conference organised by AVIS Albania and Trans Andriatic Pipeline (TAP) took place on 6 July 2016, in Tirana. The Conference provided a platform for private stakeholders, government officials and international entities operating in Albania to raise awareness regarding the importance of road safety. Discussions also focused on current road safety reality and challenges and, above all, promoting ideas for new initiatives and policies.  

NTUA presentation concerned:  Road Safety Investments and Interventions in South East Europe ppt5

The Annual Road Safety Conference of the Bar Ilan University, took place with great success in Tel-Aviv on 7 July 2016. More than 100 road safety experts and stakeholders have discussed on current developments and challenges on road safety worldwide, with emphassis on driver behaviour and respective road safety measures.

NTUA presentation concerned: Risk factors, driver behaviour and accident probability. The case of distracted drivingppt5

A Road Safety Workshop was organised by the SafetyCube EC funded project, regarding the first viewing of the SafetyCube European Road Safety Decision Support System (DSS). It took place with great success at BRSI in Brussels, on 27 September 2016. The purpose of the workshop was to illustrate how existing road safety knowledge can be collected, structured and distilled into the SafetyCube DSS that can be queried in terms of safety risk factors and potential countermeasures, including crash scenarios. Key road safety stakeholders had the opportunity to watch the methodology followed and test the SafetyCube DSS prototype, allowing vivid discussion for its further improvement.  

The NTUA presentations concerned

ppt5 Design of the European Road Safety Decision Support System

ppt5 SafetyCube – Infrastructure risk factors and measures

An invited lecture titled: “Decision, Knowledge and Science in road safety” was given by Dr. Sylvain Lassarre, Emeritus Research Director of the French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (IFSTTAR) on June 24th 2016 at theDepartment of Transportation Planning and Engineering of NTUA.  
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has just published the PIN Flash Report ‘How traffic law enforcement can contribute to safer roads‘, with the contribution of NTUA. Exceeding speed limits, drink or distracted driving and failure to wear a seat belt are still the leading causes of death and serious injury on European roads. Excessive or inappropriate speed is a primary factor in about one third of road deaths and an aggravating factor in many more. Drink driving causes as much as 25% of all road deaths in the EU. ETSC estimates that 900 car occupant deaths would have been prevented in 2012 if 99% of those in cars in collisions had been wearing safety belts. Driver distraction, including mobile phone use, is increasingly a factor in fatal collisions. Enforcement of road traffic laws is an essential component in preventing death and injury. 

The results of the European Survey of Road users’ safety Attitudes (ESRA) were presented at a targeted Conference that took place with great success on 20 June 2016, in Brussels. This Conference was organised by the Consortium of 17 Institutes that participated at the survey under the coordination of the Belgian Institute for Road Safety (IBSR).  

During the conference, the Main Results of the ESRA Survey 2015 were presented together with the first six Thematic Reports on European drivers attitudes towards:

pdf5 Speeding

pdf5 Driving under the influence of alcohol & drugs

pdf5 Distraction & fatigue

pdf5 Subjective safety & risk perception

pdf5 Enforcement & support for road safety policy measures

pdf5 Seat belt and child restraint systems

NTUA presentation concerned: ESRA Thematic Report – Speeding ppt5

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has published the PIN Annual Report at the tenth edition of PIN Annual Conference on 20 June 2016, in Brussels. 2015 was the second consecutive poor year for road safety, 26,300 people lost their lives on EU roads in 2015 compared to 25,970 in 2014, representing an increase of 1%. Out of the 32 countries monitored by the PIN Programme, as many as 22 saw an increase in the number of road deaths between 2014 and 2015. Across the EU28, road deaths were cut by 17% between 2010 and 2015, equivalent to a 3.6% average annual reduction. A 6.7% year-to-year reduction is needed over the 2010-2020 period to reach the target through constant progress in annual percentage terms. Yet the increase in 2015 means that the number of road deaths has to be reduced at a much faster average pace of about 9.7% each year between 2016 and 2020 for the EU to be on track for the target. NTUA contributed actively to this ETSC PIN Annual Report.   
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) presents annual awards, as part of the PRAISE project, in recognition of organisations that have made an outstanding commitment to improving work-related road safety. The competition is divided into three separate categories according to the size and type of the applicant organisations: SME (Small-Medium Enterprise), large company and public authority. The winners will be chosen by an independent panel of experts appointed by ETSC. The deadline for applications is the 1st of September 2016 and the awards will be presented at ETSC Annual PRAISE Conference in Brussels in Autumn 2016. 
The 11th International Road Safety Seminar GAMBIT 2016 is organised by Gdańsk University of Technology in collaboration with the Motor Transport Institute, the Road and Bridge Research Institute and the Foundation for the Development of Civil Engineering and will take place on 17-18 November 2016, in Gdańsk. This year’s special formula of the GAMBIT Seminar ties in with “Development of Road Innovations”, a research programme of the National Centre for Research and Development and the General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways.  

The Private Sector Global Coalition Together for Safer Roads (TSR) composed by 16 leading global companies has organised on June 14th, 2016, in New York a Round Table Discussion on Technology’s Impact on Road Safety. The Members of the TSR Coalition Expert Panel initiated the discussion on three key domains: a) The Technology Horizon and the People/Technology Interface, b) Using Information and Communication Technologies – and More – to Make Roads Safer and c) Policy and Partnerships Supporting Road Safety Technologies. This Round Table Discussion demonstrated the high potential of technology for safety improvement as well as the role of the Member Companies to promote and exploit this potential.

NTUA presentation concerned:  Star rating driver safety behaviour by the use of smart technologies   ppt5

The 7th International Expert Symposium on Accident Research (ESAR) took place with great success in Hannover on 9-10 June 2016. ESAR is organised by the Medical School of Hannover, the University of Technology of Dresden and the Federal Highway Research Institute of Germany and it is a scientific colloquium which can be seen as a platform for exchanges of information on accident research issues. Representatives from authorities as well as from medical and technical institutions came together to discuss new research issues and exchange experiences on accident prevention and methodologies of accident reconstruction. The goal of ESAR was to give the opportunity to all kind of studies on Accident Investigation Methodologies, Accident Analysis, Active and Passive Safety, Injury mechanisms and Injury Prevention to an audience of experts from government, industry and other researchers from all parts of the world. 

NTUA presentations concerned:

A new Road Safety overlay feature to the Travel Risk Map has been recently launched by the International SOS Foundation, working in collaboration with GRSP and utilizing data from the WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015. The interactive Travel Risk Map has been a widely used resource for business travellers in understanding the risks posed when visiting or relocating to foreign countries in terms of travel security and medical risk. The addition of the Road Safety Risk overlay will serve to educate the mobile workforce to be more aware of the vast differences in road traffic environments from country to country. 
The Transport Research Arena 2018 (TRA 2018) will take place in Vienna, Austria from 16 to 19 April 2018. TRA is the major European Conference on Transport Research, initiated in 2006 and takes place every two years in another European city. It is supported by the European Commission (EC), the Conference of European Road Directors (CEDR) and the four European Technology Platforms on surface transport: the European Road Transport Research Advisory Council (ERTRAC), the European Rail Research Advisory Council (ERRAC), WATERBORNE TP, and the Alliance for Logistics Innovation through Collaboration (ALICE). This open Arena is the common platform for the surface transport stakeholders, the place where all the relevant organizations meet, discuss and develop cooperation. Under the motto ‘a digital era for transport‘ the TRA 2018 will explore the new promising opportunities that digitalization offers for transport. Additionally to the conference and the exhibitions, the TRA 2018 will focus on live demonstrations, to give an insight into current research results and mobility solutions. 

The final project workshop of the research projects PRACT (Predicting Road ACcidents) and ESRET (European Safety Review Tool) took place with great success on June 3rd, 2016, in Manchester, UK. pdf5

Both projects were carried out for the Conference of European Directors of Roads (CEDR), within the framework of the CEDR Road Safety Programme.  The results of both projects provided very useful tools to support decision making in the field of road infrastructure safety in Europe. All presentations are now available.

NTUA presentations concerned:

The PRACT Repository is a new online road safety toolcontaining the most recent Accident Prediction Models and Crash Modification Factors, highlighting effectiveness of road safety infrastructure measures worldwide, for use by road safety decision makers and practitioners worldwide.  This Repository has been developed within the framework of the project PRACT, (Predicting Road ACcidents-a Transferable methodology across Europe) carried out by the University of Florence, the National Technical University of Athens, the Technical University of Berlin and the Imperial College London, commissioned by theConference of European Directors of Roads. The basic assumption on which the PRACT Repository is built is that Accident Prediction Models (APM) and Crash Modification Factors (CMF) can be transferred to conditions different from the ones for which they have been developed, if selected based on scientifically valid criteria and adapted to local conditions based on historical crash data.

An International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Transport Systems organised by the Brest State Technical University, took place with great success in Brest, Belarus on 25-28 May 2016, with the participation of several road safety experts and stakeholders from Belarus and other European countries.  This Conference took place within the framework of the BeSafe (Belorussian Road Safety Network) EU Tempus project, coordinated by the Research Centre for Transport and Logistics of Roma I University and the active participation of the National Technical University of Athens and the University of Loughborough.

NTUA presentations concerned:
A paper titled ‘Sensor-Based Multi-Dimensional Approaches for Extracting Power-Two-Wheeler Driving Patterns in Various Road Environments and Lighting Conditions’ authored by Eleni Vlahogianni, George Yannis and John Golias is now published in Advances in Transportation Studies. Data from a naturalistic Powered Two Wheelers (PTW) driving experiment are exploited using principalcomponent analysis to identify the critical PTW driving characteristics and their combinations with the finalaim to reveal useful insights on the PTW driving patterns emerging on the road. Data are collected indifferent road environments, ranging from urban road arterials to suburban roads. The analyses reveal three prevailing PTW driving patterns: i. Acceleration, ii. Maneuvering, and iii. Braking. These patterns areobserved in both inside and outside urban areas and regardless of the lighting conditions (daylight, dusk, andnight). Nevertheless, although acceleration and maneuvering patterns contain the same driving variables inall driving cases examined, braking is conducted in a varying manner with respect to the type of the area andthe time of day.  doi

The International Conference Road Safety on Five Continents (RS5C) took place with great success in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on 17-19 May 2016. The RS5C is one of the premier and most prestigious international conferences in the road safety area and is organised by the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), in close cooperation this time with the Brazilian National Association for Transportation Research and Education (ANPET) and in association with the Transportation Research Board (TRB), the Forum of European Road Safety Research Institutes (FERSI) and the European Conference of Transport Research Institutes (ECTRI)

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Development of a crash modification factors model in Europe‘  pdf5 ppt5

The new website of the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens is now up and running at: www.transport.ntua.gr The education and research activities of the Department since its establishment in 1982 are highlighted, together with all the latest news. Road safety was and still constitutes a major scientific discipline within the activities of the Department. 
At the 42nd Panhellenic Medical Conference, which took place on 11-14 May in Athens, NTUA presentation concerning: ‘Mobility tests as a predictor of driving behavior of patients with Parkinson’s disease‘ won the best applied research award of scientific presentation paper. ppt5
The PhD Dissertation of Dr. Panagiotis Papantoniou at the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens, titled: ‘Risk factors, driver behaviour and accident probability. The case of distracted driving‘ has been awarded winning dissertation of the European Friedrich-List-Award 2016 and the European Platform of Transport Sciences (EPTS).  ppt5
A special issue of Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, on Fitness to Drive is now calling for papers. The Special Issue of Fitness to Drive considers all aspects associated with determining if a person is fit to drive and subsequent implications of this decision. Its basis includes: 1) naturalistic and/or observational studies of drivers post personal decision or medical requirement to cease driving, 2) evaluation of methodologies for objectively determining fitness to drive 3) issues of enforcement, legal and societal implications, and 4) consideration of how decisions of fitness to drive fit within the licensing system in terms of private and commercial license holders. The submissions should be empirical papers based on rigorous quantitative and qualitative methods/techniques and should be submited before October 1st, 2016

The 10th International Conference on Managing Fatigue will take place on 20-23 March 2017, in San Diego, California. This International Conference is co-organised by Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, the Transportation Research Board and the National Transportation Safety Board.

The theme of this event is “Managing Fatigue to Improve Safety, Wellness, and Effectiveness” and is seeking abstract and panel proposal submissions (deadline for abstracts submission: September 1, 2016) on related topics, such as: Measuring fatigue and fatigue risk, Scheduling systems and policies, Training and education, Fatigue risk management programs, Sleep health, Fatigue detection and management technologies, Operator workload, including distraction and drowsiness. 

The international conference on the reliability of statistics & databases in measuring road safety performance index (PIN), took place with great success on 6-7 May 2016, in Tunis. This international conference was organised by the Prevention Routiere Internationale (PRI), the Association Tunisienne de la Protection des Accidents de la Route (ATPR) and the Arab Road Safety Association. Several road safety experts and stakeholders from Africa and Europe discussed the current and future challenges in road safety performance monitoring.  pdf5

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Monitoring Road Safety Policies and Performance‘  ppt5

In conjunction with World Day for Safety and Health at Work on April 28, Together for Safer Roads (TSR), the Coalition of global private sector companies, released the Advancing Road Safety Best Practices for Companies and Their Fleets report. The Report outlines practices that companies can use to keep employees, partners, and contractors safe on the world’s roads, as well as minimize costs. Globally, between 25 and 33 percent of road crashes are work-related and 36 percent of occupational deaths are due to crashes. While these are sobering and devastating human costs, there are also great financial costs. Worldwide, employers incur costs of USD $518 billion per year due to road traffic collisions. pdf5

The 11th ITS European Congress, organised by ERTICO and the European Union will take place in Glasgow, on 6-9 June 2016. The Congress consists of an extensive exhibition, live demonstrations and a programme of high level and technical sessions with industry’s experts and political leaders, while the  theme is “Delivering Future Cities Now”. 

The 23rd World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, organised by ITS Asia Pacific, ITS America and ERTICO will take place in Melbourne, on 14-16 October 2016. During the event, there will be plenary, scientific, technical and interactive sessions, a dynamic exhibition plus technical demonstration and tours that showcase the applications of the latest ITS technology. 

The 24th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, organised by ITS America and ITS Canada, together with ITS Asia and ERTICO will take place in Quebec, on 29 October – 2 November 2017

                   
The Transportation Research Board (TRB) 96th Annual Meeting will be held in Washington, D.C., on 8-12 January 2017. The information-packed program is expected to attract more than 12,000 transportation professionals from around the world. The meeting program will cover all transportation modes, with more than 5,000 presentations in nearly 750 sessions and workshops, addressing topics of interest to policy makers, administrators, practitioners, researchers, and representatives of government, industry, and academic institutions. A number of sessions and workshops will focus on the spotlight theme for the 2017 meeting: Transportation Innovation: Leading the Way in an Era of Rapid Change.
ETSC has just released a position paper titled: ‘A Proposal for a strategy to reduce the number of people seriously injured on EU roads‘. ETSC recommends to the EU to adopt a target of a 35% reduction between 2014 and 2020 in the number of people seriously injured. A 35% reduction over the period 2014-2020 would be similarly challenging for Member States to the target to halve road deaths between 2010 and 2020. In addition, the EU should adopt a joint strategy including measures against which delivery can be made accountable. 
The World Health Organization (WHO) released the Road Safety Country Profiles 2015. In these Country Profiles, summary road safety data and information is provided for each of the 182 WHO countries, concering the institutional framework, the safer roads and mobility, the safer vehicles, the safer road users, the basic road safety data and the post-crash care.  
A report on Prioritising the Safety Potential of Automated Driving in Europe is now released by the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC). Automated driving technologies are already preventing collisions and deaths on our roads. The purpose of the report is to give an overview of automated driving, identify the main safety benefits and offer some key recommendations for the near future for the EU and its Member States to create a regulatory environment that prioritises safety. 
The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution which represents the strongest ever commitment on road safety made by UN Member States. It invites Member States that have not already done so to consider adopting policies and measures to implement United Nations vehicle safety regulations or equivalent national standards to ensure that all new motor vehicles, meet applicable minimum regulations for occupant and other road users protection, with seat belts, air bags and active safety systems fitted as standard. The resolution builds upon the ‘Brasilia Declaration’ passed by the 2nd Global High Level Conference on Road Safety held on 18th -19th November 2015 in Brasilia and endorses the standard fitment of active safety systems which are the primary focus of the Stop the Crash Partnership.  
The Road Safety Unit of DG Move of the European Commission has recently released a Report titled ‘Risks and countermeasures for road traffic of elderly in Europe’ prepared with the active contribution ofIMOBNTUA, LAB and ERF. The purpose of this Report was to provide a comprehensive view on the situation of elderly road users in traffic and to provide an action plan containing recommendations for the most promising measures to be taken at the EU-level in the light of developing a proactive strategy to enhance the road safety of the elderly in the (near) future. This strategy is developed by:
– Assessing the main trends and road safety risks for all older road user groups
– Providing an overview and analysis of various countermeasures, including ITS, aimed at increasing road safety for all older road user groups. pdf5
A workshop focusing on Accidentology and Simulators organised by Safe2Wheelers took place with great success on 27 April, 2016, in Würzburg, Germany. Safe2Wheelers COST TU1407 Research Action aims at improving Power Two Wheelers (PTW) safety with a holistic and integrated approach by acquiring, unifying and coordinating PTW safety research and ensuring broad dissemination towards PTW users, industry and public authorities. During the workshop, an overview of best practices and results from PTW accident investigationsand different existing motorcycle simulators was demonstrated and different technical solutions as well as potential use cases were discussed. The workshop was well attended by the industry and other researchers which discussed the latest scientific findings in the field of PTW safety. 
SafetyCube is a research project funded by the European Commissionunder the Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, in the domain of Road Safety. The project started on May 1st, 2015 and will run for a period of three years with primary objective todevelop an innovative road safety Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable policy-makers and stakeholders to select and implement the most appropriate strategies, measures and cost-effective approaches to reduce casualties of all road user types and all severities in Europe and worldwide. NTUA is actively contributing to all phases of the SafetyCube project.  The latest SafetyCube newsletter with the latest project developments is now available.  

The Road Safety & Simulation International Conference 2017 organised by the Delft University of Technology in co-operation with the Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV) will take place on 17-19 October 2017, in Hague. The conference theme focuses on advancing the safety of all road users with special attention for vulnerable road users. Especially, in the upcoming era of advanced technologies and vehicle automation new safety challenges have emerged.

The Road Safety and Simulation Conference was established in Rome in 2007 aiming to create a platform for researchers and road safety professionals from various disciplines to share their expertise and present their innovative research results in the field of road safety and simulation. 

The deadline for abstract submission is set for 10 November 2016.

A workshop on ‘Driving Instructors and Safe Driving: The primary sector of road safety‘ organised by the Pan-hellenic Federation of Driving Instructors within the framework of Athens Money Show 2016, took place with great success on April 23rd, 2016, in Athens. Several presentations and discussions highlighted the key current road safety challenges in Greece, whereas driving instructors delivered safe and eco-driving seminars to visitors of Athens Money Show 2016 with the support of car and motorcycle driving simulators. pdf5

NTUA presentation concerned: Road accident charasteristics and countermeasures. ppt5

The 6th Edition of the Transport Research Arena 2016 (TRA 2016) took place with great success in Warsaw, Poland from 18 to 21 April 2016. TRA is the major European Conference on Transport Research, supported by the European Commission (EC), the Conference of European Road Directors (CEDR) and the four European Technology Platforms on surface transport: the European Road Transport Research Advisory Council (ERTRAC), the European Rail Research Advisory Council (ERRAC), WATERBORNE TP, and the Alliance for Logistics Innovation through Collaboration (ALICE). TRA 2016 Conference contributed to innovation in sustainable mobility for Europe, with the active participation of more than 2.200 participants from more than 50 countries. The main theme of TRA 2016 was – MOVING FORWARD Innovative Solutions for Tomorrow’s Mobility. TRA 2016 seeked to reflect the multidisciplinary nature of the transport sector and, for this reason, addressed all stakeholders in both the public and private sectors and all professionals, regardless of their roles (researchers, practitioners, designers, constructors, operators, administrators, policy makers etc.).  Several road safety sessions and discussions were among the key activities of the TRA 2016 Conference.  
The MSc programme ‘Traffic Psychology and Sustained Mobility‘will start running on 1 September 2016, by the University of Groningen. The programme is based on differenct disciplines covering the broad theme of mobility and offer courses that examine social perspectives that consider how a decline in the ability to process information affects mobility and that focus on the clinical effects of ageing (e.g. dementia). Road Safety in the modern mobility framework is a key issue addressed by this MSc Programme.  
The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution seeking to establish a road safety trust fund, Aimed at Halving Global Number of Traffic Deaths and Injuries. Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted a draft resolution titled “Improving global road safety” (document A/70/L.44), expressing concern that road traffic crashes killed more than 1.25 million people and injured as many as 50 million people a year.  It invited Member States and the international community to step up collaboration to meet target 3.6, and encouraged the upcoming United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Development to consider road safety and safe, affordable public transport. Jean Todt, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Road Safety, stated that the Road Safety Trust Fund is a priority, taking into account that the cost of road accidents and their consequences is estimated to around $500 billion a year.  
A paper titled ‘Towards an integrated approach of pedestrian behaviour and exposure’ authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou is now published in Accident Analysis & Prevention. An integrated methodology for the analysis of pedestrian behaviour and exposure is proposed. The paper builds on existing research on pedestrian exposure, namely the Routledge microscopic indicator, and uses integrated choice and latent variables (ICLV) models of pedestrian behaviour, taking into account road, traffic and human factors. The method is tested with data from a field survey in Athens, Greece, which used pedestrian behaviour observations as well as a questionnaire on human factors of pedestrian behaviour. The results suggest that both pedestrian behaviour and exposure are largely defined by a small number of factors: road type, traffic volume and pedestrian risk-taking. The probability for risk-taking behaviour and the related exposure decrease in less demanding road and traffic environments. A synthesis of the results reveals conditions of increased risk exposure: principal urban arterials (where risk-taking behaviour is low but the related exposure is very high) and minor arterials (where risk-taking behaviour is more frequent, and the related exposure is still high). A “paradox” of increased risk-taking behaviour of pedestrians with low exposure is found, suggesting that these pedestrians may compensate in moderate traffic conditions due to their increased walking speed. doi
A dedicated Symposium on Older drivers is organised to take place on 3 August 2016, during the Sixth International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology (ICTTP2016) in Brisbane, Australia. This symposium will address current issues in older driver safe mobility and will present the results of significant research undertaken across two continents. Using the experiences learned from naturalistic driving studies, the participants will become aware of what is known about the driving patterns of older adults. 
The European Commission has published the most recent statistics on road fatalities, based on provisional data for 2015 road deaths in Europe, confirming that European roads remain the safest in the world despite a recent slowdown in reducing road fatalities. 26.000 people lost their lives on EU roads last year, 5.500 fewer than in 2010. There is however no improvement at EU level compared to 2014. In addition, the Commission estimates that 135.000 people were seriously injured on EU roads. The social cost (rehabilitation, healthcare, material damages, etc.) of road fatalities and injuries is estimated to be of at least €100 billion. The country-specific statistics reveal that the number of road fatalities still varies greatly across the EU, though this gap is becoming smaller every year. It is the first time ever that all EU countries present a rate of fatalities per million population of less than 100.

A paper titled ‘Relating traffic fatalities to GDP in Europe on the long term‘ with emphassis to turbulent financial situations, co-authored by Costas AntoniouGeorge Yannis, Eleonora Papadimitriou and Sylvain Lassarre is now published in Accident Analysis & Prevention. For this analysis, time series of the number of fatalities and GDP in 30 European countries for a period of 38 years (1975–2012) were exploited. This process relies on estimating long-term models (as captured by long term time-series models, which model each country separately). Based on these developments, utilizing state-of-the-art modelling and analysis techniques such as the Common Correlated Effects Mean Group estimator (Pesaran), the long-term elasticity mean value equals 0.63, and is significantly different from zero for 10 countries only. When we take away the countries, where the number of fatalities is stationary, the average elasticity takes a higher value of nearly 1. This shows the strong sensitivity of the estimate of the average elasticity over a panel of European countries and underlines the necessity to be aware of the underlying nature of the time series, to get a suitable regression model.  doi

The European Commission has adopted a series of rules applicable to road hauliers and road passenger transport operators. They include a common classification of serious road safety infringements undertransport legislation, as well as new specifications for smart tachographs (the device that records driving times of lorry, bus and coach drivers), making the best use of new digital technologies such as Galileo. The objective is to enhance road safety, contribute to a fairer competition between road transport operators and to facilitate a consistent enforcement of EU rules across borders. 
Basic characteristics of road fatalities in Greece for the period 1991 – 2014 are summarised in a comprehensive Table (data source: ELSTAT). Since 2001, there are more than 1.000 less road fatalities per year in Greece. According to these time series data a spectacular decrease (more than 60%) in road fatalities for young people and children is observed during the last decade, as well in fatalities outside urban areas, especially in junctions and in in accidents with heavy goods vehicles. On the contrary, fatalities decrease during the last decade is quite limited for motorcyclists and cyclists, older drivers, women drivers and non resident riders, as well as in junctions inside urban areas. pdf5
According to provisional data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT), the number of road fatalities in 2015 shows a slight annual increase of 1,3%, whereas injury accidents show a slight decrease of -1.1%. This road fatalities increase is observed for the first time since 2004, ending an impressive 49% road fatalities decrease in the economic crisis period 2008-2014 (-23% in injury accidents). Greece has reached a point where there is great need for extra effort to further improve road safety in the Greek roads, with systematic actions from the Authorities and serious engagement from the society despite the continuous economic and social crisis in Greece. pdf5
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has just published the 30th PIN Flash Report ‘How safe are new cars sold in the EU?‘. In the last decade the long term road safety trend has been positive across the EU countries, and although the reduction in deaths may be a result of many factors, including better enforcement, changing behaviour and safer infrastructure, there is little doubt thatimproved vehicle safety standards since the late 1990’s have played an important role. One important indicator of the level of vehicle safety in Europe overall is what proportion of the number of tested vehicles actually sold meet Euro NCAP’s highest safety ratings. The last assessment of the progress of the Euro NCAP programme carried out by ETSC in 2009 found that there were very significant differences between the average Euro NCAP rating of new cars sold in Eastern and Central European countries, compared to their Western European counterparts. 
According to the ELSTAT final road accidents data for 2014 in Greece, 34% of road fatalities are passenger car occupants, whereas 38% of road fatalities are power two wheelers. Most car occupant fatalities occur outside built-up areas while most motorcycle and pedestrian fatalities occur inside built-up areas. Accident severity is higher outside built-up areas for all transport modes. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, the majority of road accidents and fatalities occur during clear sky, both inside and outside built-up area. However, accident severity is increased during raining and other weather conditions.pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, most fatalities occur at daytime and at night with good street lighting inside built-up area, or with no street lighting outside built-up area. Accident severity is increased at night with no street lighting or poor street lighting. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, among the 795 persons killed in Greece in 2014: 415 were outside built-up areas and 401 were inside built-up areas. 59% of road fatalities outside built-up area occurred on national roads. More than 80% of road accidents and half of fatalities occurred inside built-up areas. However,accident severity is almost 5 times higher outside built-up areas in total. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, 795 persons were killed in Greece in 2014: 539 drivers, 130 passengers and 125 pedestrians. Male drivers account for 64% of all road fatalities in Greece. Young male drivers aged 15-24 years old account for 17% of male driver fatalities and older people account for more than 50% of pedestrian fatalities. The higher accident severity was found in accidents involving older persons (7 fatalities per 100 accidents) and younger persons (4.6 fatalities per 100 accidents). pdf5

According to ELSTAT final road accidents data for 2014, collisions with stopped vehicle and when running off the road are the two most common accident types outside built-up areas. At angle collisions, pedestrian accidents, come off the road and collisions with stopped vehicle are the most common accident types inside built-up areas. Accident severity is more than 5 times higher outside built-up areas and 8 times higher at pedestrian accidents. pdf5

The Civil Engineering School of the National Technical University of Athens was ranked this year 8th in Europe and 33rd worldwide among all Civil Engineering Schools. This ranking is produced by the QS Organisation based on the following criteria: Research, Teaching, Employability, Facilities, Internationalization, Innovation, Engagement and Access. NTUA road safety activities have contributed to this ranking. Professor Demetris Koutsoyiannis, Dean of the Civil Engineering School said that this great improvement is the result of the systematic and collective efforts of all Faculty members, researchers and students for academic and research excellence.   

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), together with the Road Safety Institute ‘Panos Mylonas’ organised a round-table event under the auspices of the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks and in cooperation with the Hellenic Institute of Trasportation Engineers in order to raise awareness  amongst policy makers, the private sector and key opinion leaders of how to strenghten a systemic approach to reduce alcohol misuse in road transport, especially in poorly-performing EU Member States. The Workshop took place with great success on 21 March 2016 in Athens and NTUA Professor George Yannis coordinated the presentations and discussions among the more than 130 road safety decision makers, stakeholders and experts. During the conference the innovative system alcohol interlock was presented that does not allow the vehicle to start if the driver is found under the influence of alcohol. 

A Workshop on Road Safety and Tourism in Peloponnese, organised by the Greek Society of Regional Scientists and Make Safe Roads Hellas, took place with great success on 19 March 2016, in Vrachati Corinthias, Greece. The aim of this workshop was to emphasize on the necessity of regional level planning for road safety, with particular focus to touristic periods and related vulnerable road users and tourist industry professionals.  More than 80 key decision makers and stakeholders from the regional tourist and road safety sectors contributed and discussed problems and solutions for the upgrade of road safety in tourist areas in Peloponese and in Greece in general. 

All the presentations are now available: 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Road safety in Greece and at its touristic areas‘  ppt5

The 14th International Athens/Springfield Symposium on Advances in Alzheimer Therapy took place with great success on 9-12 of March 2016, at Athens, Greece. The very latest on Alzheimer therapy were discussed by the very top leaders in the world and it was the very best opportunity to learn and interact in a welcoming scientific environment. Leading scientists discussed new targets and drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and novel approaches to current therapy.

The Highlights of the Congress are available. 

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Association between motor ability tasks and driving parameters in healthy, patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild Alzheimer’s disease (AD)

ppt5 Mini Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment: which is the best predictor of Driving Ability?

ppt5 Self-assessment of driving performance in patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD)

ppt5 Mild Cognitive Impairment: The role of in-vehicle distraction in driving behavior

The World Road Association (PIARC) has recently released a Report titled ‘Improving safety in road tunnels through real-time communication with users‘. This report is a continuation of the one published by PIARC in 2008 on ‘Human Factors and road tunnel safety regarding users‘. It describes human behavioural aspects when driving, andhow to communicate information to tunnel users in normal, congested and critical situations. It details the various systems that can be activated for real-time communication with users and reviews how these devices can be used in cases of congestion, a serious incident and fire and how the activation of these systems and devices must be adapted to the changing circumstances of the event. 
The 5th International Conference on Driver Distraction and Inattention organised by IFSTTAR, ARRB Group and SAFER will be held on 20-22 March 2017, in Paris, aiming to bring participants up-to-date on recent developments and trends in the field of inattention and distraction in driving, and to bring together researchers and practitioners. DDI2017 conference topics include theory, measurement, effects, crash risks, and prevention/mitigation related to driver distraction and inattention.  Deadline for abstracts submission is set for May 16th, 2016. 
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has released a new film that is calling the European Commission to require the fitting of Seat Belt Reminder Systems in all passenger seats in new cars when it reviews vehicle safety regulations later this year. The short video highlights thecritical importance of seat belt wearing to prevent serious injury and death and cites research showing that up to a quarter of rear seat passengers are still failing to belt up. Seat Belt Reminder systems are already required on drivers’ seats thanks to the last update to vehicle safety regulations in 2009. The film features experts in vehicle safety, post-collision rehabilitation and police enforcement.  video
A comprehensive Overview of Road Safety in Greece 2015has been recently published at the European Road Safety Observatory (ERSO) of the DG Move Road Safety Unit of the European Commission, with the active contribution of NTUA, KFVand ERF. This Overview is part of the 2015 Edition of the EU Road Safety Country Overviews recently published at ERSO, based on most recent disaggregate data from the CARE Database as well as on structured information gathered from the EU Member States. At this Overview a comprehensive picture of Road Safety in Greece is provided covering the road safety structure and culture, the related measures and programmes, some safety performance indicators, the road casualties figures and the related social costs. From this Overview, the impressive road fatalities decrease of almost 50% since 2009 is clearly depicted, together with all the strengths and weakness for the further improvement of road safety in Greece. pdf5
New Infographics with key traffic safety facts and figureswere recently published at the European Road Safety Observatory (ERSO) of the DG Move Road Safety Unit of the European Commission, with the active contribution of NTUA, KFVand ERF. These Infographics are based on the respective Basic Traffic Safety Facts 2015 published at the ERSO, containing a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. These Infographics concern the following key traffic safety topics in relation to the Road Users [Children, Young people (18-24), Youngsters (15-17), Elderly (aged >64), Gender Pedestrians, Cyclists, Motorcycles and Mopeds, Car occupants, Heavy Goods Vehicles and Buses], the Road Infrastructure (Motorways, Junctions, Urban areas, Roads outside urban areas) and the Accident Circumstances (Seasonality, Single vehicle accidents). pdf5

A paper titled “Which are the effects of driver distraction and brain pathologies on reaction time and accident risk?” authored by Dimosthenis Pavlou, Panagiotis Papantoniou, Eleonora Papadimitriou, Sophia Vardaki, George Yannis, Costas Antoniou, John Golias and Sokratis G. Papageorgiou is now published in Advances in Transportation Studies an international Journal. A driving simulator experiment with 140 participants (out of which 109 were patients) was carried out by an interdisciplinary research team of neurologists, neuropsychologists and transportation engineers. The brain pathologies examined include early Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment.  A statistical analysis was carried out by means of mixed generalized linear modelling and the results indicated significant differences between the driving performance of healthy drivers and patients. Patients with cerebral diseases reacted significantly slower at unexpected incidents than the healthy ones and were more likely to be involved in an accident. The mobile phone use had a significant negative effect on both reaction time and accident probability. doi

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has released a new film that makes the case for making overridable Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) a standard feature on all new vehicles in Europe. The five-minute video has been launched as the European Commission continues work on the development of the next generation of vehicle safety standards, expected to be launched later this year. A major study published last year by the European Commission found that Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) is one of several new vehicle technologies which are now suitable for mandatory fitting on new cars as they are ‘feasible in terms of the technology required’, already available on the market and offer a positive benefit-cost ratio.  video
Personal Injury Claim has launched its Ultimate Guide to Road Safety Apps, an online guide that looks at the main areas of road safety where smartphone apps are available to promote safer driving through the use of apps. While smartphones often act as distractions and can actually cause collisions, they can also reduce the level of risk through specific applications. 
The 5th International Cycling Safety Conference (ICSC2016) organised by SWOV, TU Delft, TNO and Chalmers, will take place on 3-4 November 2016 in Bologna, Italy. The conference invites contributions on new developments, approaches and knowledge in the areas of cycling safety. Topics for the conference include: Human factors – Safety-related behaviors and attitudes – Bicycle accident causation – Bicycle accident prevention – Active safety systems – Medical aspects of bicycle accidents – Cyclists’ injury prevention – Cycling infrastructures – Cycling education – Naturalistic cycling – Interaction between cyclists and cars/trucks – Helmet use – Cyclists’ impairment, distraction and inattention – Bicycle engineering including intelligent technology – Safe cycling in cities. The deadline for abstract submission is 30 April, 2016. 
The 22nd International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment organised by Wessex Institute and the University of Naples Federico II, will take place in Crete, Greece, on 21-23 June 2016. This event has been successfully held annually for more than 20 years and its distinctive element is the interaction between academic and practical perspectives where theories and ideas are debated and their practical applications rigorously tested. 
A Road Safety Conference for the International Business Traveler, organised by the Department of Public Health, University of Gothenburg in cooperation with the World Bank Group (WBG) and the Vehicle and Traffic Safety Center at Chalmers (SAFER) will take place in Gothenburg, on 30 May 2016. The aim of the conference is to review road safety from the aspects of the quality of roads, cars, and drivers with a focus on developing countries, and to discuss corporate travel policies and how they can be tailored to avoid collisions and serious injuries among business travelers. 
The Road Safety Unit of DG Move of the European Commission published recently the 2015 Edition of the EU Road Safety Country Overviews with the active contribution of NTUA, KFV and ERF. The EU Road Safety Country Overviews are based on most recent disaggregate data for all EU countries from theCARE Database of the European Commission as well as on structured information gathered from the EU Member States. These Road Safety Country Overviews consist of five analysis sections (Social costs, Number killed and injured, Safety performance indicators, Safety measures and programmes, Structure and culture) and one synthesis section providing a comprehensive picture of current road safety facts and challenges in each EU country.  
The World Road Association (PIARC) has recently launched the updated electronic encyclopedia called ‘Road Tunnels Manual‘ focusing exclusively on all the aspects linked to the use of road tunnels (geometry, tunnel equipment and maintenance, operations, safety, environment). The PIARC Road Tunnels Manual comprises two principal parts: the part ‘Transverse aspects‘ containing 5 chapters and considering general aspects of road tunnels and the part ‘Operational and Safety Requirements‘ containing 4 chapters and addressing particular elements of tunnels taking these requirements into consideration. The Manual ends with a Glossary which describes 200 terms and definitions translated into twenty languages. PIARC Road Tunnel Manual is available in 10 languages. 
The World Road Association (PIARC) has recently launched the electronic manual on Road Network Operations & Intelligent Transport Systems. The manual is a comprehensive, regularly updated handbook helping practitioners to alleviate road congestion, a major worldwide issue that directly affects the economies of many nations. Road Network Operations (RNO) concern the methods at the disposal of road authorities and highway infrastructure operators that contribute to safer and more efficient travel for road users and for society as a whole. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) concern a wide range of services that use information and communications technology that can improve transportation and mobility. 
The NTUA Road Safety Observatory is now posting and sharing on Twitter (@nrso_ntua_gr) all new Greek, European and international road safety knowledge, information and data published at the nrso website (www.nrso.ntua.gr). Simply follow us on Twitter: @nrso_ntua_gr  
The Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) has recently launched a key new web resource centre to support advocacy efforts specifically for road safety policies and implementation. The new Advocacy Resource Centre is a one-stop resource for organizations campaigning for road safety policies or policy implementation. It features over 800 pieces of content, which have been specifically collated and created to be useful for both road safety organizations and other organizations that may be interested in addressing road safety. The Advocacy Resource Centre also holds a comprehensive Advocacy Toolkit, which is a a nine-part comprehensive guide detailing all aspects of constructing a successful advocacy campaign, focusing specifically on road safety.
The Second Serbian Road Congress organised by Road Association of Serbia “Via-Vita” will be held in Belgrade, on 9-10 June 2016. National and international experts will share their knowledge, experience and vision all topics of the forthcoming congress: – Planning and Design – Construction and Maintenance of Roads and Structures – Road Management – Transport, ITS and New Technologies – Road Traffic Safety – Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection  

The Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting was held in Washington, D.C., in 10-14 January 2016. The meeting program covered all transportation modes, with more than 5,000 presentations in nearly 800 sessions and workshops, addressing topics of interest to policy makers, administrators, practitioners, researchers, and representatives of government, industry, and academic institutions. More than 35 sessions and workshops focused on the spotlight theme for the 2016 meeting: Research Convergence for a Multi-Modal Future  and more than 75 sessions addressed one or more of three “hot topics”: Transformation Technologies, Resilience and Transportation and Public Health. 

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Development of a training course for road safety auditors in Greece

pdf5 ppt5 Road, traffic and human factors of pedestrian crossing behaviour: integrated choice and latent variables models

pdf5 ppt5 Modeling stopping sight distance on left-turn curves of freeways overlapped with crest vertical curves

ppt5 SafetyCube – Safety CaUsation, Benefits and Efficiency

A report on the European facts and the Global status report on road safety 2015 has now been published by World Health Organisation (WHO). In 2013, almost85.000 people died from road-traffic injuries in the WHO European Region. Although the regional mortality rate is the lowest among WHO regions (9.3 deaths per 100 000 population), the rates of road traffic deaths vary widely in between European countries. More systematic efforts are needed if the global target of a 50% reduction in road crash deaths is to be achieved by 2020. NTUA contributed to the peer review of this Report. 
SafetyCube is a research project funded by the European Commissionunder the Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, in the domain of Road Safety. The project started on May 1st, 2015 and will run for a period of three years with primary objective todevelop an innovative road safety Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable policy-makers and stakeholders to select and implement the most appropriate strategies, measures and cost-effective approaches to reduce casualties of all road user types and all severities in Europe and worldwide. NTUA is actively contributing to all phases of the SafetyCube project.  The first SafetyCube newsletter with the latest project developments is now available. 
A Special Issue of the Journal of Transportation Safety & Security focusing on Driving Simulation Experiments and Behavior Analysis is now calling for papers.  Topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:
– driver behavior and human factors
– driver perception and modeling
– driver distraction
– impaired driving performance
– infrastructure design
– innovative data collection and analyses
– design of simulator scenarios
– simulator sickness (e.g. simulation fidelity)  doi
A Special Issue of Accident Analysis & Prevention focusing on Road Safety Data Considerations is now calling for papers that address issues related to road safety data and methods that can be applied at all stages of data handling (collection, processing and analysis). Moreover, the presentation of applications utilizing innovative road safety data analysis is encouraged, particularly in emerging regions (that typically lack detailed and updated crash and casualty information), focusing on methodological adaptations for tackling information scarcity, or other limitations of technology transfer. 
2015 was a very intensive year for the NTUA Road Safety Observatory as presented at the respective 2015-in-figures infographic highlighting nrso activities on research and web presence but also on work and sports. The intensive 2015 nrso activity is demonstrated by the active contributions to 12 research projects, together with the 54 papers in scientific journals and conferences and the more than 38.500 visits of the nrso website, whereas the 65.368 emails handled and the 3.088km run are proving the high nrso efficiency and fitness to perform!  pdf5
  EUROSTAT is now publishing road accident statistics using CARE data base as data source. The user can exploit the user friendly on-line EUROSTAT database and have also the EUROSTAT transport accident statistics explained. According to Eurostat statistics on the causes of death, the number of people in the European Union (EU) who died as a result of transport accidents (covering all transport modes) fell by 40.8 % for men and 43.8 % for women between 2004 and 2012, accounting for 0.6 % of total deaths in 2012.  
UNECE has published a Report covering in detail the 11 goals that have been derived from the five pillars of the Global Plan to form its strategic approach to road safety during the Decade. It provides a comprehensive overview, including the status and key results of its goals, as well as descriptions of specific UNECE ITC initiatives and information on the challenges the overall road safety community faces. One of the main conclusions of this report is that political will and the introduction and use of national strategies are likely to be the difference makers in helping to reach the main goal: halving the number of road traffic deaths and injuries by 2020. 
The Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) has launched a newinteractive mapping tool on its website. This interactive map draws on a database of over 11,000 cells and allows the user to quickly and easily find information and data of interest. The interactive map features three primary tabs, enabling searching by GRSP Activity, IFRC Engagement or by Global Crash Data from the WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015. This tool comes as a result of multiple surveys into stakeholder needs and will be constantly updated with the latest data so that it becomes a ‘go to’ entry point for a wealth of road safety information, data, tools and resources that are being built into the GRSP website.  

A conference on intelligent transportation systems and related developments in Greece, organised by ITS Hellas took place with great success in Athens, on 15-16 December 2015. Aim of the conference was to discuss the wide application of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in Greece, as a mean of economic development and prosperity and to ensure the effectiveness, efficiency and transport safety for the benefit of users and the environment. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Intelligent transportation systems and big data for the improvement of driver behavior and safety‘  ppt5

We heartily wish you very joyful Christmas holidays and a very happy and fruitful new year 2016, plenty of personal and professional achievements. Let’s face the new challenges ahead with creative hope and scientific persistence for even safer roads in Europe and worldwide.
A paper titled ‘Introducing human factors in pedestrian crossing behaviour models‘ co-authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou, Sylvain Lassarre and George Yannis is now published in the Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. A field survey was carried out, in which a panel of 75 pedestrians were asked to take 8 short walking trips (each one corresponding to a different walking and crossing scenario) in the Athens city centre in Greece, allowing to record their crossing behaviour in different road and traffic conditions. The same individuals were asked to fill in a questionnaire on their travel motivations, their mobility characteristics, their risk perceptions and preferences with respect to walking and road crossing, their opinion on drivers, etc. The walking and crossing scenarios’ data were used to develop mixed sequential logit models of pedestrian behaviour on the basis of road and traffic characteristics. The modelling results showed that pedestrian crossing choices are significantly affected by road type, traffic flow and traffic control. The questionnaire data were used to estimate human factors (components) of pedestrian crossing behaviour by means of principal component analysis. The results showed that three components of pedestrian crossing behaviour emerge, namely a “risk-taking and optimisation” component reflecting the tendency to cross at mid-block in order to save time, etc., a “conservative” component, concerning individuals with increased perceived risk of mid-block crossing, who also appear to be frequent public transport users, and a “pedestrian for pleasure” component, bringing together frequent pedestrians, walking for health or pleasure, etc. The introduction of these components as explanatory variables into the choice models resulted in improvement of the modelling results, indicating that human factors have additional explanatory power over road and traffic factors of pedestrian behaviour.  doi
The European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism has recently published a study prepared by the UK Transport Research Laboratory on the Impact of Higher or Lower Weight and Volume of Cars on Road Safety, particularly for Vulnerable Users. The study provides ananalysis of necessary technological changes, in order to improve the impact of higher or lower weight and volume of cars on road safety, particularly for, but not limited to vulnerable users. pdf5
The International Road Federation (IRF) and Patron Sponsor Michelin released recently the World Road Statistics (WRS), featuring more than 200 countries, with data on over 45 road related topics (data 2008-2013) presented in nine substantive sections: country profiles, road networks, road traffic, multimodal traffic comparisons, vehicles in use, road accidents, motor vehicles, road expenditures and energy. The IRF World Road Statistics (WRS) continue to be a unique comprehensive, universal source of statistical data on road networks, traffic and inland transport, proved to be an invaluable and internationally accepted reference tool for governments, NGOs, investments banks, research institutes and anyone analyzing and reporting trends in key subject areas like traffic volumes and vehicle usage, road expenditure, road safety, energy consumption and emissions. 
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Investigation of driver’s behaviour using vehicle diagnostics‘ was presented by Eustratios Saplaouras in November 2015. The aim of this Diploma Thesis is to investigate the driver’s behavior through the on-board diagnostics of the vehicle. A large data set was exploited, which were recorded per second and concerned the exact position of the vehicle, its speed, the spots where the driver was performing a sudden change of speed or a sudden maneuver, the fuel consumption, etc. Mathematical statistical models were developed using linear and binary logistic regression. The results demonstrated a strong correlation between over-speeding and driver harsh behavior, although the two dimensions are disproportionate, as well as the occurrence of higher driving speeds during risky hours (00:00-04:00). pdf5 ppt5
At a recent interview at CNN Greece, NTUA Professor George Yannis attempts to decode the effect of economic crisis on the impressive reduction of road fatalities in Greece and in Europe. He presented NTUA related work but also the main findings from the recent OECD/ITF Report on the relation between growth and road safety. According to recent research, the economic crisis has played a major role to the recent impressive road fatalities reduction in Greece and in Europe (claimed to be responsible for the 2/3 of this reduction).  Professor George Yannis estimates that after the crisis, traffic increase will result to some road accidents increase (already happening in the EU), however this increase will be limited as the improved driver behaviour (less agressive and less speedy) will also remain after the crisis.  The full article  and the related video are now available.
At the recent special edition of the POLIS magazine “Thinking Cities“, special focus is given to road safety in the cities. Invited specialists Suzanne Andersson from the city of Gothenburg, Véronique Feypell from the International Transport Forum at the OECD, and NTUA Professor George Yannis, together with Eric de Kievit , Senior Consultant at City of Amsterdam, attempt answers to fundamental questions:
– why has road transport become such a danger for people? and
– what needs to happen to make roads safer?  pdf5
The Road Traffic Safety Agency of Serbia (RTSA) together with several Serbian and international road safety Governmental, Academic and other organisations are organising the 11th International conference Road Safety in Local Communities that will take place in Vrnjacka Banja, Serbia, on 13-16 April 2016. The conference subject areas are the following:
– Strengthening of institutional capacity to further national road safety efforts
– Improve the safety of road network
– Improve vehicle safety
– Improve road safety behaviors
– Improve care after traffic accident

POLIS, the European cities and regions networking for innovative transport solutions organised its Annual Conference on “Transport innovation for sustainable cities and regions”, which took place with great success in Brussels, on 19-20 November 2015. More than 400 mobility professionals and experts from across Europe and beyond came together to debate on urban and regional mobility . At the conference, POLIS also launched its new policy paper “Sustainable Urban Mobility and the Smart City”, stating that the role and potential of urban mobility in making the city smarter is currently not sufficiently recognised. pdf5

All presentations are now available. 

A special workshop of road safety data in the cities took place with great success, with the active contribution of NTUA. This workshop aimed at “Translating road safety data into policies and measures” with focuss on two approaches for local road safety policy: one on accident databases including data collection and how to identify measures and the second addressing the potential of road safety performance indicators (SPIs).

The Second Global High-level Conference on Road Safety: Time for Results, hosted by the Government of Brazil took place with great success in Brasilia, on 18-19 November 2015 with the active participation of more than 1.500 high level road safety decision makers and stakeholders from 150 countries. 

The 2nd Global High-Level Conference on Road Safety defined the urgent measures needed to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’s ambitious target to halve road traffic deaths by the end of this decade. The Conference adopted the “Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety”, which will guide action through the end of the UN’s Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 and beyond.  

The 24th World ITMA Congres took place with great success in Doha, on 16-18 November 2015, covering all areas of Traffic Medicine and its associated disciplines. The motto of the 24th World ITMA Congress was Traffic Medicine and Road Safety in Fast Developing Countries.

The Congress focussed on the progress in traffic safety and traffic injury prevention and treatment in recent years, and brought together more than 400 traffic medicine experts who shared the most advanced traffic medicine concepts, theories and techniques in order to promote traffic crash prevention, traffic safety, first-aid, medical treatment, and accordingly reduce the mortality and disability resulting from traffic injury in the world, to raise the road user’s health standard and the quality of life.

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Developing efficient traffic safety law enforcement programmes in rapidly developing countries’ ppt5

The Main Road Safety Facts and Figures in the EU are highlighted at the respective Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. Road fatalities in the EU countries fell by 45% between 2004 and 2013, however fatality rates show both a north-south divide and an east-west divide across Europe.  The fatality rate for males in the EU is over three times the rate for females and road fatalities decreased by more than half among children between 2004 and 2013, but by less than one tenth among those at least 80 years old.  In the EU, more than half of all fatalities occurred on rural non-motorway roads. pdf5
Road Safety by Seasonability in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. Although the annual number of people who died in road accidents in Europe has fallen over many years, the distribution of the annual number by month has scarcely changed, with the fewest fatalities recorded in February and the most in July/ August. However, the distribution of fatalities by month varies considerably from country to country, and it tends to vary most in Northern Europe and least in Western Europe. pdf5
Road Safety of Children in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. About 640 children died in road accidents in 2013 in the EU countries. The number of children killed in road accidents fell from 1.519 in 2004 to 640 in 2013, a ten-year reduction of 58%. 41% of children road fatalities were travelling by car or taxi whilst 38% were pedestrians. pdf5
Road Safety of single vehicle accidents in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. A significant decrease of 45% in single vehicle accident fatalities was recorded during the decade 2004-2013. Almost 115.360 persons were killed in single vehicle accidents, in the European Union countries within the decade 2004 – 2013. This number represents almost one third of all road accident fatalities in those countries (31,4%).  pdf5
Road Safety outside Urban Areas in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. More than 201.000 people were killed in accidents on roads outside urban areas – excluding motorways – in the EU between 2004 and 2013. This number represents 55% of all road fatalities in the EU. Fatalities outside urban areas were reduced by 46% over the last decade (from 26.199 in 2004 to 14.029 in 2013).  pdf5
Road Safety at Junctions in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013, 5.000 people were killed in road accidents at junctions throughout the EU, this number corresponds to a reduction of more than 50% since 2004. The proportion of fatalities occurring at junctions is higher on urban roads than on rural roads or motorways. pdf5
Road Safety on Motorways in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. Almost 30.000 people were killed in road accidents on motorways in the European Union countries between 2004 and 2013. This number corresponds to 8% of all road fatalities in those countries. The number of people killed in road accidents on motorways fell by 48% in the decade 2004-2013. pdf5
Road Safety of Car Occupants in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. More than 4.000 people died in road accidents involving HGVs and more than 700 people involving buses or coaches in 2013. Since 2004, the total number of fatalities involving HGVs, buses and coaches in EU fell by almost 50%. pdf5
Road Safety of Car Occupants in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013, 11.838 car occupants were killed in road accidents in the EU. This represents 45% of all road fatalities in the EU in 2013. Of these 11.838 killed car occupants, 8.116 were drivers and 3.722 were passengers. In general, the proportion of car occupant fatalities has decreased by 12% over the period 2004-2013. pdf5
Road Safety of Motorcycles and Mopeds in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013, at least 741 riders (drivers and passengers) of mopeds and 3.862 riders of motorcycles were killed in the EU in accidents. As compared to 2004 these numbers have decreased by about 60% and 30% respectively. pdf5
Road Safety by Gender in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. The road fatality rate of males in 2013 was more than three times the respective female rate. A reduction of 45% in road fatalities in 2013 compared with 2004 is observed throughout the EU, however the proportion of male road fatalities did not change significantly. pdf5
Road Safety of Cyclists in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013, 2.017 cyclists were killed in road accidents in the EU countries, making up 7,8% of the total number of road accident fatalities that year. The total number of bicycle fatalities in the EU countries decreased by 32% between 2004 and 2013. pdf5
Road Safety of Pedestrians in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013, 5.712 pedestrians were killed in road accidents in the EU, which is 22% of all fatalities. In the last decade, in the European Union, pedestrian fatalities were reduced by 37%, while the total number of fatalities was reduced by almost 45%.pdf5
Road Safety of the Elderly in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013 almost 6.500 elderly people died in road accidents in EU. Although older drivers are involved in less accidents, they represent one of the highest risk categories probably because of their great fragility and reduced tolerance to injury. The number of elderly people who died in the EU countries fell by 26% between 2004 and 2013. pdf5
Road Safety of Youngsters in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013 around 630 persons aged 15-17 died in road accidents, in the EU countries. The number of 15-17 years old fatalities in road accidents has decreased by almost 63% between 2004 and 2013. pdf5
Road Safety of Young people in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. More than 62.000 young people were killed in road accidents in the EU between 2004 and 2013, less than a fifth of all road accident fatalities in those countries. Young people are at almost twice the risk of being killed in a road accident than the average member of the population across the EU countries as a whole. pdf5

The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims is observed on the third Sunday of November each year (this year on 15 November 2015) by an increasing number of countries on every continent around the world. This day adopted by the UN in 2005, was dedicated to remembering the many millions killed or injured in road crashesand their families and communities, as well as to pay tribute to the dedicated emergency crews, police and medical professionals who daily deal with the traumatic aftermath of road death and injury.

In Greece this year, Efthita Rhodes, member of FEVR (European Federation of Road Traffic Victims) and the Global Alliance of NGOs for Road Safety organised a series of events to commemorate this day, including the promotion of the special video translated in several languages.  Furthermore, on the occasion of this day, the Road Safety Institute Panos Mylonas (IOAS) has released the results of the UN Millennium Development Campaign MY World video

The Road Safety Unit of DG Move of the European Commission has recently released a Report titled ‘Study on good practices for reducing road safety risks caused by road user distractions’ prepared by TRL, TNO and RAPPTrans. The study concluded that 10-30% of road accidents in the EU could have distraction as a contributory factor, although limitations of both data and their definitions mean that this figure requires further validation. The Study identified a series of countermeasures that can be used to address driver distraction, including non-technology-based approaches [legislation, certification, public awareness campaigns and education during the licensing acquisition process (as well as for professional drivers)] and the most promising technologies[collision warning systems (forward collision warning and lane departure warning), voice recognition, biometry, head up displays, artificial intelligence, and vehicle automation]. Standardised Human-Machine Interface design should also be an important component of an EU-wide approach to distraction. The Study concluded with nine key cost beneficial recommendations related to data, technologies, awareness & education, and standards addressed to the European Commission but also to all national and international road safety stakeholders (Authorities, Industry, Research, Interest groups). pdf5
Road Safety in Urban Areas in the EU is highlighted at the Traffic Safety Basic Facts 2015 available at the European Road Safety Observatory of the European Commission. These Traffic Safety Basic Facts contain a comprehensive series of statistical tables with the latest available data from the CARE database of the European Commission. In 2013, 9.919  which is 38% of all road accident fatalities throughout the EU were killed on urban roads. The number of fatalities in urban road accidents has fallen since 2004 by more than a third (42%), the percentage of all fatalities that occurred within urban areas, however, has increased slightly. pdf5
The Private Sector Global Coalition Together for Safer Roads (TSR) composed by 11 leading global companies has recently published a White Paper titled “Investing in Road Safety – A global imperative for the private sector“, setting the orientations and priorities of the TSR Coalition for advancing road safety in the world. This White Paper was prepared by the TSR’s Expert Panel composed by international road safety experts, with the active participation of NTUA Prof. George Yannis. In this White Paper, TSR’s Expert Panel assesses progress since the United Nations General Assembly established theUnited Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety in 2010,identifies gaps, and discusses the role of the private sector in advancing road safety. The role of the Global private sector Coalition is seen under three perspectives: as collaborators with the public sector and NGOs in demonstration projects; as managers of vehicle fleets traversing the world’s roads; and as participants in specific industries that have unique opportunities to improve road safety. With the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety at its midpoint, business has an opportunity to drive a groundswell of meaningful cross-sector action and help save millions of lives.
The 4th International Conference on Driver Distraction and Inattention (DDI 2015) organised by the ARRB Group together with SAFER took place with great success was held in Sydney, Australia, on 9-11 November 2015. As driver distraction and inattention continue to be major contemporary road safety problems worldwide, DDI 2015 brought into the spotlight developments in research from mainstream and neighbouring disciplines, and showcased new and emerging technologies, products and countermeasures. The major themes for the conference this year included distraction and the automated vehicle, and the relationship between research findings yielded in experimental versus real world studies.   
Athanasios Theofilatos has successfully defended his PhD thesis titled: An advanced multi-faceted statistical analysis of accident probability and severity exploiting high resolution traffic and weather data. This PhD thesis was carried out at the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering at the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens under the supervision of Prof. George Yannis. The objective of this PhD thesis is the investigation of accident probability and severity exploiting high resolution traffic and weather data from urban roads and motorways, collected on a real-time basis, with specific focus on Powered-Two-Wheelers. For that purpose, an advanced mesoscopic multi-faceted statistical analysis was conducted in order to expand previous road safety work and contribute to the further understanding of the complexity of accident probability and severity. Linear and non-linear models were developed on the basis of 6-year accident data from urban roads as well as an urban motorway in Greater Athens area (Attica Tollway). Empirical findings indicate that high resolution traffic and weather data are capable of opening new dimensions in accident analysis in urban roads and urban motorways. The multi-faceted statistical analysis conducted in the thesis has revealed a consistent and strong impact of traffic parameters on accident probability and severity. It is interesting that weather parameters were not found to influence accident probability and severity when linear relationships are considered, however, the application of cusp catastrophe models demonstrated that it is likely that even small traffic and weather changes may have a critical impact on road safety in urban roads as sudden transitions from safe to unsafe conditions (and vice versa) may occur, especially for PTW traffic. pdf5 ppt5
The 7th International Congress on Transportation Research, organised by the Hellenic Institute of Transport and the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers took place in Athens, on 5-6 November 2015. The main topic of the Congress was: ‘From basic research to innovative application‘. This Conference series on Transport Research (ICTR), is considered a well established event in the transport sector in Greece in which more than 250 transport experts, decision makers and stakeholders contributed and discussed state of the art research findings and challenges ahead for more efficient, safer, and environmental and energy friendly transportation systems, with focus on the design, development and implementation of innovative new applications. 
NTUA road safety presentations concerned:
pdf5 ppt5 Multivariate Statistical Methods for explaining Powered Two Wheelers’ Traffic in Urban Arterials
pdf5 ppt5 Development of an Educational Scheme for Road Safety Auditors in Greece
The World Road Association (PIARC) has recently published the long waited second edition of the Road Safety Manual. The PIARC Road Safety Manual is aligned with key pillars of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 (1: Road Safety Management, 2: Safer Roads and Mobility and 4: Safer Road Users) and isdesigned to assist countries at every stage of infrastructure development and to fulfill road safety objectives. This comprehensive resource builds on the broad range of knowledge and experience provided by PIARC in the first edition. It includes new thinking on road safety and offers a clear argument on why adopting a Safe System approach is crucial for each country. The Safe System approach aims for a more forgiving road system that takes human fallibility and vulnerability into account. Under the Safe System approach, everyone (public agencies, automobile manufacturers, road users, enforcement officials, and others) must share the responsibility for road safety outcomes.  

A workshop on the innovative internet platform e-Drive organised by the General Directorate for Road Safety of the Hellenic Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks and supported by the European Commission and Digital Greece, took place with great success in Athens, on November 2nd, 2015. e-Drive is expected to become a central road safety web platform in Greece, for developing and exchanging road safety knowledge and resources with final objective to gradually develop conciousness towards an ecological and safe driving behaviour in Greece. The e-Drive Academy platform contains currently a series of programmes, destined for training of young, novice, older and professional drivers.

The XXVth PIARC World Road Congress took place with great success in Seoul, Korea on 2-6 November 2015. The congress was organized in close cooperation between the World Road Association (PIARC), responsible for the content and development of the programme, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the Republic of Korea, the Korea Expressway Corporation, the Korea Road & Transportation Association and the PIARC Korean National Committee. The main theme of the XXVth World Road Congress concerned “Roads and Mobility – Creating New Value from Transport” with focus on sustainability and new technologies with the active five-days participation of thousands government officials, experts and business people from the road sector.
The European Road Federation (ERF) launched recently its Position Paper towards improving Traffic Signs in European Roads: “Improved Signage for better Roads“. This Position Paper advocates for authorities to avoid or tackle the over-proliferation of traffic signs and to ensure that those installed display a clear message, in order to achieve better road safety and traffic flow, and good use of public resources. Road authorities need to set a multiannual maintenance action plan. The need to adapt to the needs of an ageing driver population, by introducing a minimum maintenance standards for safety critical signs under the Vienna Convention is highlighted. This position paper calls for all stakeholders involved to examine the benefits of greater harmonisation of signs within the Vienna Convention to maximise the safety benefits of new vehicle technologies as well as to provide for a more familiar environment for increasing cross-border traffic volumes. pdf5 
The Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV’16)  sponsored by the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society (ITSS) and organised by Chalmers University of Technology and SAFER Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre will take place inGothenburg, on 19-22 June 2016. Several technical sessions, workshops, poster sessions, exhibition, and technical visits will highlight the latest research and applications for Intelligent Vehicles and Vehicle-Infrastructure Cooperation. The final paper submission deadline is set for January 22nd, 2016.   
The World Health Organization (WHO) released the Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015, which highlights that road traffic injuries are a major global health and development problem. This Status Report presents information on road safety from 180 countries out of a total of 195 WHO Member States, covering 6.97  billion people or 97% of the world’s population. It indicates that worldwide the total number of road traffic deaths has plateaued at 1.25 million per year, with the highest road traffic fatality rates in low-income countries.
This WHO Global Status Report is accompanied by:
country profiles with detailed background road safety data and information,
comparative data tables, each one with detailed data of a specific topic by country/area,
infographics illustrating the main road accident safety causes,
– an interactive world map highlighting the main road safety indicators in each country,
– the respective press material and the data collection methodology.
NTUA has contributed actively to the country profile of Greece.

An international conference on road accidents, injuries and rehabilitation organised by the Health School of TEI of Crete and Hannover Medical School, took place with great success in Iraklion, Crete, on 22-23 October 2015. During this Conference, the results of the EU co-funded project ‘Reducing the Harm and the Burden of Injuries and human Loss caused by road traffic crashes and Addressing Injury Demands through effective interventions‘ (REHABIL AID) were presented and discussed together with the socio-economic aspects of road accidents in Europe. More than 200 road safety experts, professionals and stakeholders contributed and discussed state of the art developments for road accident and injury prevention and safety promotion in Grece, in Europe and worldwide. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Road infrastructure safety management‘  ppt5

The International Transport Forum (ITF) has recently released a Research Report on Improving Safety for Motorcycle, Scooter and Moped Riders. This Report summarises the findings of the work of the Working Group on the Safety of Powered Two Wheelers set up by ITF in 2010 aiming to review trends in powered two-wheeler crashes and examine the factors contributing to these crashes and their severity. In this Report are presented in a consolidated way, a set of countermeasures targeting user behaviour, the use of protective equipment, the vehicles and the infrastructure and discussion on motorcycle safety strategies in the context of a Safe System approach.  NTUA has contributed actively to the preparation of this Report. 
The International Road Traffic and Accident Database Group (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published a Report on Why Does Road Safety Improve When Economic Times Are Hard?. In this Report previous studies were reviewed and new ones are presented demonstrating that there is clear evidence that when economic growth declines, and particularly when unemployment increases, road safety improves, particularly among young people. Furthermore it was found that the economic downturn in 2009-10 may well have contributed to about two-thirds of the decrease in road fatalities since 2008. It is suggested that policy makers need to take careful account of these results when setting up road safety targets and when designing road safety strategies for the future. NTUA has contributed actively to the preparation of this Report. 
The International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published a Report on Road Infrastructure Safety Management (RISM), that describes in a comprehensive way the most consolidated RISM procedures, analyses their use worldwide, identifies possible weaknesses and barriers to their implementation, provides example of good practices and aims to generally contribute to the scientific assessment of RISM procedures. The RISM procedures considered concern: Road Safety Impact Assessment, Road Safety Measures Efficiency Assessment Tools, Road Safety Audit, Network Operation, Road Safety Performance Indicators, Network Safety Ranking, Road Assessment Programme, Road Safety Inspection, High-Risk Sites and Road Accident In-Depth Investigation. This report is considered of high interest for the decision makers, scientists and practicioners in the field of road infrastructure safety management. NTUA has contributed actively to the preparation of this Report. 
A film to raise awareness of the road safety crisis, directed by Luc Besson is now a part of the #SAVEKIDSLIVES campaign on road safety of the FIA and FIA Foundation, the international motoring federation. According to World Health Organisation figures, 500 children are killed each day in road crashes globally. In a bid to raise awareness of this road safety crisis, Jean Todt, President of the FIA, and Special Envoy of the UN Secretary General for Road Safety, turned to world renowned film director Luc Besson to deliver a potent visual message highlighting the road dangers facing children around the world. The film is a shocking wake-up call and was shot on location in South Africa and Paris demonstrating the dangers faced every day by children on their journey to school, whether caused by the lack of safe infrastructure in the townships of South Africa or by the heavy traffic of a major European city.  video

The FENS Featured Regional Meeting – FFRM 2015 meeting, organised by the Hellenic, Israel and Serbian Societies for Neuroscience, took place in Thessaloniki, on 7-10 October 2015. The three Neuroscience Societies came together for the first time, enhanced their relationships and represented themselves to an international audience. 

NTUA presentation concerned ‘Executive Functions and Driving Performance in a High Traffic Urban Condition in Mild Cognitive Impairment‘ ppt5

An international conference on Green Accessible Intelligent Transport (GAIT2015) – Turkey – EU partnership for sustainable transportation, organised by the European Commission and the  Turkish Ministry of Transport, took place in Istanbul, on 8-9 October 2016.  The plenary and discussion sessions of the conference were attended by more than 700 participants and raised important issues belonging to the daily lives of Turkish and European citizens, varying from accessibility of transport services to the adaptation and mitigation challenges posed by climate change on the transport sector.  

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Road safety in urban mobility policies‘  ppt5

The International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published recently the full version of the Annual Report 2015, which comprises a synthesis of the main trends and road safety indicators for the year 2013 and preliminary data for the year 2014. It presents longer-term trends in order to better understand the developments taking place in the different countries. The number of road fatalities fell by 4.3% between 2013 and 2012 in the 32 IRTAD member countries with verified data. The long-term trend shows a very significant decrease of 42% between 2000 and 2013 in the IRTAD countries, however great disparities between countries persist. Detailed validated reports for each country are illustrated in the full version of the IRTAD Annual Report. NTUA has contributed to the detailed report for Greece.doi
The Road Safety Unit of DG Move of the European Commission published recently the 2015 Edition of the EU Annual Road Accidents Report pdf5and the respective Infographics pdf5with the active contribution of NTUAKFV and ERF. The EU Annual Road Accidents Report is based on most recent disaggregate data for all EU countries from the CARE Database of the European Commission and consist of summary and cross-country comparative tables, figures and maps on key road safety topics for which data comparable across the EU counties are available.
The Road Safety Unit of DG Move of the European Commission published recently the Traffic Safety Basic Facts and the respective Infographics for key road safety issues in Europe, with the active contribution of NTUAKFV and ERF. The EU Traffic Safety Basic Facts are based on most recent disaggregate data for all EU countries from the CARE  Database of the European Commission and concern several key road safety issues like road users safety (ChildrenYoung peopleYoung driversElderlyPedestriansCyclistsGender), vehicle traffic safety (Motorcycles and mopedsPassenger carsHeavy goods vehicles and buses), road infrastructure safety (MotorwaysJunctionsUrban areasRoads outside urban areas) and accident type (Single vehicle accidentsSeasonality).

The 2015 Road Safety & Simulation International Conference (RSS), organised by the University of Central Florida (UCF) and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) took place with great success on 6-8 October 2015, in Orlando, Florida, USA. Under the auspices of the Southeastern Transportation Center, three world-class research centers supported the conference: Center for Advanced Transportation Systems Simulation and the Institute for Simulation and Training at UCF and UTK’s Center for Transportation Research. More than 200 road safety scientists showcased and discussed  advancements in traffic simulation and driving simulator technologies, introducing new initiatives and concepts that have emerged since the previous editions of the RSS conference . 

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 In-vehicle distraction and brain pathologies: Effects on reaction time and accident probability

pdf5 ppt5 Cell phone use and driving performance of different age groups

pdf5 ppt5 Comparative analysis of young drivers behavior in normal and simulation conditions at a rural road

A paper titled ‘Assessment of Driving Simulator Studies on Driver Distraction‘ co-authored by Panagiotis Papantoniou, Eleonora Papadimitriou and George Yannis is now published in Advances in Transportation Studies Journal. The objective of this research is the critical assessment of driving simulator studies on driver distraction. For this purpose 45 scientific papers have been examined with respect to the design of driving simulator experiments on the effects of various sources of driver distraction (in-vehicle or external). Through this analysis it appears that the most common distraction sources examined are visual distraction and cell phone use, while other sources of distraction have received notably less attention in existing studies. The simulated road environment of most experiments was rural, whereas far less is known on the effects of distraction in urban areas; furthermore, ambient traffic is not explicitly simulated and the effect of traffic flow on distracted driving may be a key question for further investigation. Finally, driver distraction is expressed by a number of measurements, in terms of its impact to driver attention (hands-off the wheel, eyes-off the road), driver behaviour (vehicle speed, headway, lateral position, driver reaction time) and driver accident risk. Although these different measurements describe different aspects of the distracted driving mechanism, it would be important to focus on the most sensitive ones, keeping in mind the entire chain of distracted driving causes and impacts, in order to significantly enhance the potential of exploitation of the results of existing studies. pdf5 
A paper titled ‘Exploring the association between working memory and driving performance in Parkinson’s disease‘ co-authored by Sofia Vardaki, Hannes Devos, Ion BeratisGeorge Yannis and Sokratis Papageorgiou is now published in Traffic Injury Prevention. The aim of this study was toexplore whether varying levels of operational and tactical driving task demand differentially affect drivers with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and control drivers in their sign recall. Drivers of the control group performed better than drivers with PD in a sign recall task, but this trend was not statistically significant (p = 0.43). Also, regardless of group membership, subjects’ performance differed according to varying levels of task demand. Performance in the sign recall task was more likely to drop with increasing task demand (p = 0.03).This difference was significant when the variation in task demand was associated with a cognitive task, i.e., when drivers were required to apply the instructions from working memory. Although the conclusions drawn from this study are tentative, the evidence presented here is encouraging with regard to the use of a driving simulator to examine isolated cognitive functions underlying driving performance in PD. With an understanding of its limitations, such driving simulation in combination with functional assessment batteries measuring physical, visual and cognitive abilities could comprise one component of a multi-tiered system to evaluate medical fitness to drive.  doi

The 4th International Cycling Safety Conference took place with great success in Hannover on 15-16 September 2015, hosted by the Accident Research Unit of the Hannover Medical School, in cooperation with the Deutsche Verkehrswacht, the DVR and the ETSC. This conference started as a Dutch initiative of the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, TNO, Fietsberaad (Dutch center of expertise on bicycle policy), SWOV and Delft University of Technology together with Chalmers University of Technology. The International Cycling Safety Conference (ICSC) developed to a premium forum for researchers and development engineers in the field of cycling safetyto exchange their knowledge, to extent their network and to bring up new research topics and safety solutions. 

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 ppt5 Analysis of Preferences for the Use of a Bicycling Sharing System in Athens

pdf5 ppt5 ppt5 Cycling Acceptability Investigation among University Students in Athens, Greece

The Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research SWOV, offers openly to the road safety scientific community, a very powerful online documentation tool: the SWOV Library Portal. It provides users the opporunity to search through a large number of journals, full text publications and several other road safety theme files.   
Panagiotis Papantoniou has successfully defended his PhD thesis titled:Risk factors, driver behaviour and accident probability. The case of distracted driving. This PhD thesis was carried out at the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering at the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens under the supervision of Prof. George Yannis. The objective of the PhD thesis is the analysis of the effect of road, traffic and  driver risk factors on driver behaviour and accident probability at unexpected incidents, with particular focus on distracted driving. For this purpose, a large driving simulator experiment took place in which 95 participants were asked to drive under different types of distraction (no distraction, conversation with passenger, cell phone use) in different road (urban/rural) and traffic conditions (high/low). Then, within the framework of an advanced statistical methodology, latent analysis through a sequence of four Structural Equation Models allowed to go well beyond the piecemeal analyses of driving performance measures to a sound combined analysis of the interrelationship between risk factors, driving performance, driver error and accident probability at unexpected incidents. Results indicate that more likely to commit driving errors are young or old female drivers at urban areas while more likely to be involved in an accident at an unexpected incident are female drivers in low traffic conditions while talking on the cell phone. pdf5 ppt5
Professor John Golias was appointed Minister for Reconstruction of Production Environment and Energy  at the new transitional Government of Greece. It is the first time that a Transportation Engineer is appointed Minister at the Greek Governement. Professor John Golias is the Director of Traffic Engineering Laboratory of NTUA and Rector of NTUA. He has been involved in all areas of transportation planning and engineering sector for more than 35 years through numerous research projects, engineering studies and committees in Greece and abroad and he is the author of a great number of published scientific papers, cited widely worldwide. He served also as Secretary General of the Ministry of Transport during the Athens 2004 Olympic Games and Chairman of the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers. Road accident analysis and road safety policy are among his key scientific areas. 
According to the ELSTAT final road accidents data for 2013 in Greece, 34% of road fatalities are power two wheelers, whereas 39% of road fatalities are passenger car occupants. Most car occupant fatalities occur outside built-up areas while most motorcycle and pedestrian fatalities occur inside built-up areas. Accident severity is higher outside built-up areas for all transport modes. pdf5 
According to ELSTAT data, the majority of road accidents and fatalities occur during clear sky, both inside and outside built-up area. Accident severity is higher outside built up areas. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, most fatalities occur at daytime and at night with good street lighting inside built-up area, or with no street lighting outside built-up area. Accident severity is increased at night with no street lighting or poor street lighting. pdf5
According to the ELSTAT final road accidents data for 2013, collisions with stopped vehicle and when running off the road are the two most common accident types outside built-up areas. At angle collisions and pedestrian accidents, side impact and rear end collisions are the most common accident types inside built-up areas. Accident severity is more than 4 times higher outside built-up areaspdf5
According to ELSTAT data, among the 879 persons killed in Greece in 2013: 415 were outside built-up areas and 464 were inside built-up areas. 54% of road fatalities outside built-up area occurred on national roads. More than three quarters of road accidents and half of fatalities occurred inside built-up areas. However, accident severity is almost 4 times higher outside built-up areas in total. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, 879 persons were killed in Greece in 2013: 582 drivers, 146 passengers and 151 pedestrians. Male drivers account for 66% of all road fatalities in Greece. Young male drivers account for almost 50% of male driver fatalities and older people account for almost 50% of pedestrian fatalities. The higher accident severity was found in accidents involving older persons (8.7 fatalities per 100 accidents) and younger persons (4,5 fatalities per 100 accidents). pdf5
Basic characteristics of road fatalities in Greece for the period 1991 – 2013 are summarised in a comprehensive Table (data source: ELSTAT). Since 2001, there are more than 1.000 less road fatalities per year in Greece. According to these time series data a spectacular decrease (more than 60%) in road fatalities for young people and children is observed during the last decade, as well in fatalities outside urban areas, especially in junctions, when raining and in in accidents with heavy goods vehicles. On the contrary, fatalities decrease during the last decade is quite limited for motorcyclists and cyclists, older drivers, women drivers and non resident riders, as well as in junctions inside urban areas. pdf5
The 3rd International Conference on Access Management, organised by the Transportation Division of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering (SAICE) and the Access Management Committee of the Transportation Research Board (TRB) will take place in Pretoria, South Africa, on 6-7 July 2016. It be the 3rd International Conference following on from Athens in 2011 and Shanghai in 2014. The aim is to provide a forum to bring together specialists from around the world to interact, debate and exchange information with practitioners, researchers, academics, officials applying access management as well as students and others interested in the subject. The deadline for abstract submission is set for September 30th, 2015. 
The  21st International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety organised by the International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety (ICADTS) will take place inGramado, Brazil on 16-19 October 2016. This international Conference sets an excellent opportunity to meet all those involved in Road Safety Research, particularly from the fields of Drugs and Alcohol, and promotes discussion and interaction with investigators, academics and professionals working in this area. 
Road safety targets were agreed at the UN negotiations for the Global Sustainable Development Goals (to be formally approved in September).  More precisely, aspecific stand-alone target (3.6) in the Health Goal (3) to reduce road traffic fatalities by 50% by 2020and a target on sustainable urban transport (11.2) in the Cities Goal (11) have been approved, in a landmark achievement for the global road safety community. 
The newly founded organisation HELLASTRON (Hellenic Association of Toll Road Network) carried out an information campaign promoting the appropriate use of emergency lanes in all Greek Motorways: Atiiki Odos, Rion-Antirion Bridge, Egnatia Odos, Nea Odos, Moreas, Aegean Motorway, Olympia Odos and Kentriki Odos. A well-documented leaflet titled “Emergency lane – Life lane” containing the necessary instructions for the use of the emergency lane is widely distributed this summer to the drivers using the Greek motorways.  
A new book titled ‘Why Young People Drink: An analysis of the determinants of youth drinking behaviour‘ authored by Dr. Jean-Pascal Assailly, Researcher at the French Institute of Sciences & Technology for Transport (IFSTTAR), is now available. Young people’s alcohol misuse has become an important concern in many countries as the consequences of this phenomenon are multiple, among which traffic accidents. This book is a comprehensive, encyclopaedic overview of the underpinnings of alcohol use in adolescents and state-of-the-art adapted prevention and treatment strategies. doi
The Road Safety Institute “Panos Mylonas”  in collaboration with the Athens International Airport “Eleftherios Venizelos” carried out a campaign for road safety for Greek and foreign drivers who visit Greece, putting posters in projection screens in Athens Airport for the whole month of August 2015, with the support of Interbus. The aim of this campaign is toremind people who visit Greece that the risks on the road are constant, especially when the road network is overloaded with a large number of vehicles during summer holidays.  
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Investigation of the impact of roadside advertising  to driver behaviour and safety in cities with the use of driving simulator‘ was presented by Anastasia Gkouskou in July 2015. An experimental process on a driving simulator was carried out, in which all participants drove in specially selected driving scenarios. Regression statistical models were developed to investigate the impact of roadside advertising on the mean speed and the lateral position of the vehicle from the right borderline (lognormal) and on the mean reaction time (linear). The models’ application demonstrated thatroadside advertising leads to small increase of the mean reaction time and the mean lateral position of the vehicle from the right borderline. At the same time, it leads to small decrease of the mean speed, perhaps due to overloaded driving environment. Finally, roadside advertising appears to have no effect on the headway distance and the probability of getting involved in an accident. pdf5 ppt5

The 14th International Conference on Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Disabled persons (TRANSED) took place with great success in Lisbon on 28-31 July 2015. The main objective of the Conference was to promote and encourage the development of transport services and systems that meet the needs of people with some sort of disability through the exchange and dissemination of knowledge and experience. New cases and experiences and new knowledge were presented with focus on ambitious aim setting and management for inclusive access for all types of temporary or permanent disabilities

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Road traffic casualties in the elderly in Europe: analysis of macroscopic and in-depth data

pdf5 ppt5 Assessing driving behaviour in the elderly: methodological issues

pdf5 ppt5 How does distracted driving affect reaction time of older drivers?

pdf5 ppt5 Driving performance profiles of drivers with parkinson’s disease

pdf5 ppt5 Driving difficulties as reported by elderly drivers with MCI and without neurological impairment: implications for road design

A new Guide titled ‘Cities Safer by Design‘ has recently been published by the World Resources Institute. It is a is a Global Reference Guide to assist cities save lives from traffic fatalities through improved street design and smart urban development, that taps examples from cities worldwide and includes 34 different design elements to improve safety and quality of life. pdf5
The 6th European Transport Research Conference Transport Research Arena 2016 to take place in Warsaw between 18-21 April 2016 is organising the EU Champions of Transport Research Competition. The competition recognises and celebrates leading researchers who are, or have recently been, contributing to surface transport EU‐funded projects. Successful candidates will have to demonstrate excellence and proven impacts in their field of research. This competition will provide a platform to further disseminate knowledge and results from research projects in Surface Transport, promoting future synergies and further development of innovative ideas, in line with the strategic objectives of the TRA stakeholders. The Champions of Research Competition will act as a showcase for the very best EU‐funded research and encourage the identification of current and future leaders in the field. The deadline for submission of entries is 30 September 2015. 
The 43rd European Transport Conference (ETC) will take place in Franfurt, on 28-30 September 2015. The ETC connects the worlds of research, consultancy, policy and practice. The conference programme is now available here.  
The Road Safety Foundation has released a report titled ‘Engineering Safer Roads – Star Rating roads for in-built safety‘. Previous annual launches of Risk Mapping and Performance Tracking results have prompted the questions:
– What has been done on the ‘most improved’ roads?
– What is wrong with the ‘persistently higher risk’ roads?
– What should be done?
This report answers those questions with a focus on safe road design. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate pathfinding work carried out with the assistance of leading authorities on the application of Star Ratings in Britain. 
Panagiotis Papantoniou, NTUA PhD Candidate and Researcher at the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering in the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens has been awarded with the outstanding conference poster award of the 1stInternational Conference on Transport & Health Changing Perspectives, which took place in London, 6-8 July 2015. The outstanding conference poster award concerned the poster presentation on “How cell phone use affects reaction time of older drivers” co-authored by Costas Antoniou, George Yannis, Eleonora Papadimitriou, Dimosthenis Pavlou and John Golias.   ppt5
A paper titled ‘Assessing Selected Cognitive Impairments Using a Driving Simulator: A Focused Review‘ co-authored by Vardaki Sophia, George Yannis and Sokratis Papageorgiou is now published in Advances in Transportation Studies. The paper offers a focused review of studies investigating driving performance as assessed on simulators, targeting cognitive impairments which are age-related or caused by neuro-degenerative disorders, including mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD) and stroke. The paper references selected findings highlighting what they reveal about several key methodological issues: gauging task demands in relation to actual driving; how differences in cognitive ability affect performance, and how this varies for different driving tasks; issues related to scenario design, such as simulator limitations, scenario authoring and simulated driving tasks; the need to develop operational definitions and comparability; limitations that affect the generalizability of simulator studies; the simulator adaptation syndrome; the bias in performance assessment that can result when drivers have not adequately adapted to the simulator; and driving simulator validation. The issues covered would help readers recognize the many confounding variables and sources of measurement error that can flaw research of this type, and their implications for future investigations.  doi
The Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) has recently released the report ‘Road Safety Campaigns – What the Research Tells Us‘. This report represents the first phase of a two-phase project that has been conducted by the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) with funding from the Canadian Automobile Association (CAA). Road safety campaigns are one of the most popular and flexible tools to encourage behaviour change and improve road safety. This very interesting report contains an overview of leading theories that provide the foundation for road safety campaigns. It is combined with a comprehensive summary of the research evidence related to the effectiveness of road safety campaigns generally, and examples of individual campaign evaluations from North America and Europe regarding drinking and driving, distracted driving, seatbelt use, speeding and vulnerable road users. It also highlights what is known about learning styles based on educational theories and shares recommendations to help communities develop effective road safety campaigns. pdf5

A targeted Interdisciplinary Conference on Cognition, Behaviour and Driving took place with great success on June 26th, 2015 in Athens, co-organised by the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), the Department of Neurology, Psychiatry and Social Medicine, and the Department of Psychology of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UoA).  

At this Conference, the results of the following two interdisciplinary research projects were presented:

  • DRIVERBRAIN – Performance of drivers with cerebral diseases at unexpected incidents, within the framework of the ARISTEIA research programme,
  • DISTRACT – Causes and impacts of driver distraction: a driving simulator study, within the framework of the THALES research programme,
both granted through open and highly competitive procedures by the Hellenic Ministry of Education, Lifelong Learning and Religious Affairs. Conference presentations concerned:

ppt5 Driving errors, accidents and their predictors in patients with cognitive disorders

ppt5 Design of a dedicated driving simulator experiment on driving behaviour

ppt5 Investigating driver distraction with driving simulator experiments

ppt5 A multimodal model for the prediction of driving behavior

ppt5 Driving Behaviour and Mental Status Correlation Models

ppt5 Driver distraction in patients with neurodegenerative diseases

ppt5 The effect of driver distraction on driving performance

ppt5 Psychiatric symptoms and disorders in driving

ppt5 Driving behaviour, elderly and Mild Cognitive Impairment

ppt5 Driving behaviour and Parkinson disease

ppt5 Driving behaviour and mild Dementia

ppt5 Self-assessment of driving in relation to driving performance

ppt5 The effect of driver distraction on patients with brain diseases

ppt5 The role of memory on patients with mild cognitive impairment

A paper titled ‘Good Practices on Cost – Effective Road Infrastructure Safety Investments‘ co-authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou, George Yannis and Petros Evgenikos is now published in the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. The paper presents the findings of a research project aiming to quantify and subsequently classify several infrastructure-related road safety measures, based on the international experience attained through extensive and selected literature review and additionally on a full consultation process including questionnaire surveys addressed to experts and relevant workshops. Initially, a review of selected research reports was carried out and an exhaustive list of road safety infrastructure investments covering all types of infrastructure was compiled. Individual investments were classified according to the infrastructure investment area and the type of investment and were thereafter analysed on the basis of key safety components. These investments were subsequently ranked in relation to their safety effects and implementation costs and on the basis of this ranking, a set of five most promising investments was selected for an in-depth analysis. The results suggest that the overall cost effectiveness of a road safety infrastructure investment is not always in direct correlation with the safety effect and is recommended that cost–benefit ratios and safety effects are always examined in conjunction with each other in order to identify the optimum solution for a specific road safety problem in specific conditions and with specific objectives.  doi

The 1st Congress of the European Academy of Neurology took place with great success in Berlin, on 20-23 June 2015. More than 6.000 participants from more than 100 countries attended with an overwhelmingly positive feedback 8 Symposia, 25 Teaching courses, 23 Focused workshops, 5 Hands-on courses, 3 Interactive sessions, 5 Special Sessions and showed 1.546 posters, including 2 Scientific and 17 Industry Satellite Symposia. Few sessions concerned cognitive impairment and driving

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Accident risk of drivers with cognitive impairments

ppt5 Assessment of driving performance of drivers with cognitive impairments: which are the critical measures?

ppt5 Cerebral diseases and distractibility while driving

ppt5 Self-awareness of performance in cognitive testing: differences between healthy elderly and patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD)

ppt5 Self-assessment of change in driving in relation to current driving performance on a driving simulator in patients with various neurological conditions

ppt5 Assessing incidental memory in cognitively intact individuals versus patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

ppt5 The role of sleeping abnormalities on the driving performance of individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment

ppt5 Exploring indexes of driving performance in cognitively intact drivers and drivers with Parkinson’s Disease (PD)

The 5th International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design organised by TRB (Trasport Research Board)UBC (University of Columbia) and TRANSOFT took place with great success in Vancouver, on  22-24 June 2015. More than 300 road experts from more than 40 countries contributed to the discussions of more than 150 presentations on geometric design issues throughout the world, together with country reports featuring recent developments in road design, policy and practices, design and research products

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Design Considerations of Modern Roundabouts

ppt5 3D SSD Control on Left-turn Curves of Freeways Overlapped with Vertical Curves

A report on ‘Managing Young Drivers at Work‘ has recently been published by ETSC. Evidence shows that young people have the highest collision involvement of any road user group. Approximately one in four young people who die within Europe’s borders do so as a result of a road collision. This report looks into the direct and indirect factors associated with higher collision rates of young drivers at work and makes recommendations on how to assess and mitigate the specific risks associated with this group. pdf5
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has recently released the PIN Annual Report at the PIN Annual Conference on June 18th, 2015 in Brussels. In 2014, the worst annual reduction in EU road deaths since 2001 was observed.25,845 people were killed in the EU28 as a consequence of road collisions compared to 26,009 in 2013, representing a decrease of only 0.6%, compared with the decrease of 6.7% that is needed to reach the target for 2020 by equal annual reductions. Out of the 32 countries monitored by the PIN Programme, only 18 registered a drop in the number of road deaths between 2013 and 2014, 13 saw an increase while progress stagnated inone country.  At this ETSC PIN Annual Report, it was also highlighted what the EU and member states need to do to get progress back on track to reach the EU’s 2020 road fatalities’ reduction targets. NTUA contributed actively to this ETSC PIN Annual Report

A very interesting workshop targeting the upgrade of road transport safety through the improvement of tunnel user behaviour with new training technologies took place in Athens, on 16 June 2015. The workshop was organised by SiEBEN, Mediascape, SYNERGEIA and the Laboratory of Industrial Engineering of the School of Mechanical Engineering of NTUA and concerned very interesting presentations and discussions on the findings of the respective research project safetunnels4u, funded by the Greek General Secretariat for Research and Technology.pdf5video

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Road Safety Infrastructure management‘  ppt5

The Interim Evaluation of the road safety policy framework has been recently released by the European Commission, taking stock of action taken to date and assessing progress made towards the target of halving of the number of road deaths over the period 2011-2020. The main conclusions of this Interim Evaluation are:
– the policy framework remains relevant, – the fatality reduction target is an important tool, – the target is still within reach, but will be a challenge, – more attention needs to be paid to vulnerable road‑users and serious injuries, – future challenges: an ageing population, distracting technical devices.  
The complete documentation of the European Commission Road Safety Policy Interim Evaluation is now available: The Interim Evaluation Report and the Staff Working Document  , The Support study  and its Annexes  by Jeanne BreenPolicy orientations on road safety 2011-2020   and Transport White Paper 2011.
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has just published the PIN Flash Report ‘Making walking and cycling on Europe’s Roads Safer‘, with the contribution of NTUA.Around 138,400 pedestrians and cyclists lost their lives on EU roads between 2001 and 2013. Deaths of unprotected road users have been decreasing at a slower rate than those of vehicle occupants. In the last ten years deaths among pedestrians decreased by 41%, those among cyclists by 37% and those among power two wheeler (PTW) users by 34% compared to a 53% decrease for vehicle occupants. Since 2010 the reduction in the number of pedestrian and cyclist deaths has slowed down markedly. The safety of unprotected road users should therefore receive special attention from policymakers at the national and European levels. 

The 15th National Congress on Psychological Research organised by  the Hellenic Psychological Society and the University of Cyprus took place with great success in Nicosia, Cyprus, on 27-31 May 2015.  The theme of the conference was ‘Psychology in Greece and the Mediterranean‘ and included topics on driver psychology. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Neuropsychological factors in driving with or without distraction‘ ppt5

The Stakeholders Workshop on the European Road Safety Decision Support System to be developed by the SafetyCube Horizons 2020 research project is scheduled for June 17th 2015 in Brussels. The purpose of this Workshop it to identify the needs and initiate the discussion between key road safety experts and stakeholders for the development of a European Road Safety Decision Support System (DSS) which will provide reliable and easily accessible information for the identification of the most cost-effective measures addressing each specific road safety problem.

The Workshop programme focuses on two main goals:

– to identify user for the European Road Safety Decision Support System

– to identify “hot topics” in terms of risk factors, safety effects and cost-benefit analyses to be considered in the SafetyCube DSS

Attendance is free on first-come first-served basis to those registered at the following link pdf5

The EU 2015/758 Regulation concerning the type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system based on the 112 service is just published in the Official Journal on 19 May 2015. This Regulation foresees the mandatory fitting of 112-based eCall in-vehicle system on all new types of M1 and N1 vehicles from 31 March 2018 onward, as well as the right of the vehicle owner to use a TPS eCall in-vehicle system providing a similar service, in addition to the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. The 112 eCall automatically dials Europe’s single emergency number 112 in the event of a serious road accident and communicates the vehicle’s location to the emergency services. 

The First Danube Region Road Safety Conference: “Towards an Increased Road Safety in the Danube Region, towards Zero Vision”, organised by the EU Strategy for the Danube Region Programme (EUSDR PA1b), together with the Ministry of Infrastructure of the Republic of Slovenia and the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastucture of the Republic of Serbia, took place with great success in Ljubljana, Slovenia, on 20 – 21 May 2015.

More than 100 policy makers, lead experts and international academia gathered in Ljubljana to discuss present and future road safety relevant challenges, solutions and best practices for the 14 countries of the Danube macro-region and beyond, including road safety soft and hard measures, improvement and development of road infrastructure, road safety management and human behaviour in traffic. 

All presentations are now available.

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Monitoring Road Safety Policies and Performance‘ ppt5

The European Commission has recently released a report titled Benefit and feasibility of a range of new technologies and unregulated measures in the field of vehicle occupant safety and protection of vulnerable road users‘  prepared by Transport Research Laboratory (TRL). The report names technologies including Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA), Automated Emergency Braking (AEB) and seat belt reminder systems in passenger seats as ‘feasible in terms of the technology required’, already available on the market and offering a positive benefit-cost ratio. doi
The RIDERSCAN project, a project co-funded by theEuropean Commission and coordinated by the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), is now completed, gathering existing information on motorcycle safety in Europe, identifying needs for action and creating a crossborder knowledge-based network. All project Deliverables are now available , including comprehensive Country Facts Sheets andRecommendations for policy actions. NTUA contributed to the various activities of the RIDERSCAN project.
A video explaining the traffic arrangements in Olympia Odos has recently been released by Olympia Odos Operation Company. Olympia Odos is one of the hardest road infrastructure projects built today in Greece, because it has a major specificity; it is the only highway made while being in use by significant traffic volumes, as the under construction new motorway follows the route of the old road.  In the video, the reasons for all the traffic arrangements and how they contribute in the safety of those who use the motorway and those working for the construction of the new motorway are illustrated. video
The global campaign for the Third United Nations Global Road Safety Week, organised by the UN Road Safety Collaboration took place the Week 4-10 May 2015, on the theme children and road safety. The campaign #SaveKidsLives was seeking to highlight the plight of children on the world’s roads; generate action to better ensure their safety; and promote the inclusion of safe and sustainable transport in the post-2015 development agenda. The campaign invited all road safety policy-makers and advocated to “sign it”, “show it”, and “deliver it” to those in charge of road safety in countries and communities during the Week.  Hundreds of international and national organisations participated actively at the campaigns for the road safety of children, including the World Health Organisation (WHO) which issued the ten strategies for keeping children safe on the road  , the European Commission video, the International Transport Forum and the NTUA  .
The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has appointed FIA President Jean Todt as his Special Envoy for Road Safety at a meeting held today in Paris. In this capacity, he will assist the UN Secretary General in mobilizing sustained political commitment towards road safety. Mr. Todt will also advocate and raise awareness about the United Nations road safety legal instruments, and share established road safety good practices, through his participation in global and regional activities on road safety. 

A Workshop on Observation and Modelling of Pedestrian Behaviour in Urban Areas organised by the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) and the French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (IFSTTAR) took place with great success in Marne-la-Valée – Paris, on 4 May 2015, within the framework of the Post Doctoral research project “PEDMOD- Models of pedestrian behaviour and safety” of NTUA Research Associate Dr. Eleonora Papadimitriou. The objective of the Workshop was the analysis of the state of the art on pedestrian behaviour observation and modelling, through the exchange of experiences in implementing meaningful pedestrian behaviour measurements, testing novel methodologies to explore pedestrian strategies, choices and behavioural patterns, and developing flexible and robust models to predict and understand pedestrian walking and crossing behaviour in urban areas. pdf5

All presentations are now available:

ppt5 The PEDMOD research project – Overview (George Yannis – NTUA)

ppt5 Analysis of pedestrian trajectories: behavioural patterns and individual practices (Sylvain Lassarre – IFSTTAR)

ppt5 Integration of human factors in pedestrian crossing choice models (Eleonora Papadimitriou – NTUA)

ppt5 Methods for observing pedestrian behaviour: ethologic observation and declared questionnaire (Marie-Axelle Granié – IFSTTAR)

ppt5 Observation of children pedestrian behaviours – the ESSAIM project (Marie-Soleil Cloutier – INRS)

ppt5 Pedestrian trajectories in stations (Zoi Christoforou & Pierre Argoul – LVMT/ENPC)

ppt5 Pedestrian behaviour through experimental studies on street-crossing simulator (Aurelie Dommes – IFSTTAR)

ppt5 Modelling for the pedestrians simulation (Jean-Michel Auberlet – IFSTTAR)

A Regional Conference on Road Traffic Safety and activities within the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020″, organised by the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) – Mission for Kosovo, took place in Pristina, Kosovo on 29 April 2015. More than 50 road safety decision makers, experts and stakeholders adressed all current and future aspects of road safety in Kosovo.pdf5

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Monitoring Road Safety Policies and Performance‘ ppt5

The Civil Engineering School of the National Technical University of Athens was ranked this year 29th among all Civil Engineering Schools worldwide and 8th in Europe. This ranking is produced by the QS Organisation based on the following criteria: Research, Teaching, Employability, Facilities, Internationalization, Innovation, Engagement and Access. NTUA road safety activities have contributed to this ranking.  Professor Demetris Koutsoyiannis, Dean of the Civil Engineering School said that this great improvement is the result of the systematic and collective efforts of all Faculty members for academic and research excellence. 

The Road Traffic Safety Agency of Serbia (RTSA) together with several Serbian and international road safety Governmental, Academic and other organisations organised with great success the 10th Jubilee International Conference on Road Safety in Local Communities, in Kragujevac, Serbia, on 22-25 April 2015. More than 150 national and international road safety decision makers, experts and stakeholders contributed to very fruitful discussion focussing all five pillars of the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Integrated speed management strategies in local communities in South East Europe‘ pdf5ppt5

A Round Table discussion dedicated to the young drivers’ safety organised by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (Laboratory of Transportation Engineering) of the University of Cyprus, will take place inNicosia, on 29 April 2015. The event is taking place right before the summer period begins, to promote road safety behavior of the public (especially young drivers) and Cyprus’s visitors for vacation and recreation.  ppt5

An International Symposium on Road Safety Behaviour Measurements and Indicators, organised by the Belgian Road Safety Institute, took place with great success in Brussels, on 23 April 2015. The event featured presentations by international experts on behaviour monitoring, exchange of experiences in implementing behaviour measurements and discussions about methodologies used to build representative indicators. 

All the presentations of the conference are now available. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Star rating driver traffic and safety behaviour through OBD and smartphone data collection‘ ppt5

The Forum of European National Highway Research Laboratories (FEHRL) organised the FEHRL Infrastructure Research Meeting (FIRM15), which took place in Brussels, on 22-23 April 2015. This key event, gathered some 120 transport infrastructure innovation and research experts, including European and national policy makers, leading industry, standardisation agencies, SME’s and the media. 

With the theme of “Innovative maintenance of Transport Infrastructure. Faster, cheaper, more reliable, safer, greener”, FIRM15 featured multiple information sessions on the following themes:

• Infrastructure level: Engineering and technical solutions

• System level: operations including monitoring inspections

• Governance level: management and financial issues

All the presentations of the event are now available. 

The European Commission has recently released a ‘Study on the effectiveness and on the improvement of the EU legislative framework on road infrastructure safety management‘,  prepared by Transport & Mobility Leuven. The overall objective of this study was to assist the European Commission with the evaluation of Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management and to investigate possible changes in the light of new technological developments. The specific objectives of the study were:
1) To carry out an ex-post evaluation of the application of Directive 2008/96/EC. What were the main impacts of its application on road safety? What steps were taken to implement the Directive? What is the relevance of the Directive?
2) To provide a preliminary analysis of the possible areas of improvement with regards to road safety and the safety of road infrastructure in particular.
 NTUA Professor George Yannis contributed to the respective stakeholder consultation. 
The European Commission has launched a new online search tool that displays most valid driving licence models issued in the European Economic Area (Liechtenstein, Norway and Iceland) countries. The tool showspictures of the licence and other information such as explanation of national categories, national codes and administrative validity of the document and will be particular useful for national authorities working on road side checks or dealing with the administrative exchange of driving licences. 
A workshop on ‘Safe School Transport: New technologies pave the way for optimizing the organization and upgrading the safety of school transport system’, organised by the Hellenic Institute of Transport of the Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH) took place in Thessaloniki, on March 27th, 2015. The event was organised under the framework of the project ‘Integrated System for the Safe Transport of Students‘ – i-student trip. 
Nine countries have a better performance than the EU average. Greece is ranked 22nd in 2014. Spain reached more than 65% reduction of the rate fatalities per population in the last decade. pdf5
A NEW three-year strategic plan has recently been published by TISPOL. The plan sets out how TISPOL will play its part in reducing deaths, serious injuries and crimes on Europe’s roads, and in so doing will be the most effective police road safety network in the world. Four strategic objectives form the centrepiece of the plan: – A safer road network for all users – Detecting and preventing crime on the road network within Europe – Engaging in effective partnership activity – Ensuring an efficient organisational and financial plan These objectives are underpinned by TISPOL’s values of service, professionalism, integrity, compassion, equality and fairness. pdf5
The European Commission has published the most recent statistics on road fatalities, based on provisional data for 2014 road deaths in Europe. The number of road fatalities has decreased by approximately only 1% compared to 2013; the decrease rate has slowed down in 2014 following on the 8% decrease in 2012 and 2013. The average EU fatality rate for 2014 is expected to be 51 road deaths per million inhabitants. Country by country statistics show that the number of road deaths still varies greatly across the EU, from less than 30 (Malta, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom) to above 90 (Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania) deaths per million inhabitants.  In the respective accompanying European Commission road safety statistics report, the basic safety trends, statistics and challenges in the EU 2010-2014 are highlighted, with focus on pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists.pdf5
The 8th Road Safety Week organised by the Road Safety Institute ‘Panos Mylonas’ and the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers on 16-23 March 2015, under the framework of UN activities for Road Safety 2015, with focus to children traffic safety. Most of the activities of this year’s road safety day took place in Athens and in Patras and were devoted to children with the interactive traffic education program ‘On the Road to Safety’. 
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Feasibility analysis of installing pedestrian bridges in major road axes in Athens‘ was presented by Natalia Vraka in March 2015. Sixteen hazardous road locations for the five year period 2007 – 2011, were identified through the Quality Control method, assessing accident data concerning pedestrians and traffic volume data regarding eleven central road axes of Athens with a high pedestrian traffic. Then, a before-and-after accident analysis method with a large control group was applied , which demonstrated a strong dissimilarity between the six examined pedestrian bridges. As a result, no clear conclusions could be drawn about the impact of pedestrian bridges in accidents frequency and severity. However, based on in situ observations made at the 16 dangerous road sections, the conclusion drawn was that there is high potential for the construction of pedestrian bridges in four of them, whereas in four others specific additional interventions would be needed. pdf5 ppt5
The Working Party on Road Traffic Safety of the United Nations – Economic Commission for Europe on the occasion of its 70th meeting has organised with great success in Geneva, on 23 March 2015 a Round Table on Power Two Wheeler Safety.  Several international PTW safety experts contributed state of the art developments from around the world on traffic safety of motorcycles, scooters and mopeds, available at the UN/ECE website.  NTUA Professor George Yannis made an invited presentation on ‘Improved Safety of Motorcycles, Scooters and Mopedsppt5
The Road Map for Safer Cars 2020 has recently been published by Global NCAP with ten key recommendations for safer cars. Millions of new cars sold in middle and low income countries fail to meet the UN’s basic safety standards for front and side impacts revealed international automotive safety watchdog Global NCAP. A package of minimum safety regulations for adoption by the end of the UN Decade, measures to promote a market for safety among car buyers in the rapidly motorising countries, policies to sustain the safety of the vehicles once in use, and a proposed industry voluntary commitment to implement minimum occupant safety standards to all new passenger cars are included in the Road Map. If this Road Map is followed by 2020, all new cars in the world would pass the minimum UN standards for crashworthiness and crash avoidance. This would spread the advances in automotive safety technology across all countries, mitigate the risks of rapid motorisation, and help achieve a world free from many avoidable and unnecessary road traffic fatalities. 
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Investigation of the effect of vehicle collision type on road accident severity in Greece‘ was presented by Olga Reitzopoulou in March 2015. Appropriately processed data for the period 2007-2011 in Greece were used from the ELSTAT datafile based on Traffic Police records and special log-rate analysis models were developed. Severity has been chosen to be expressed as the rate of number of persons killed and seriously injured divided by the number of slightly injured persons. The analysis led to the investigation of the impact on accident severity of the area type and the vehicle type involved. It appears that the severity is higher for passenger car and motorcycle occupants, while the vehicle type of the opponent car that affects more the severity is passenger car and truck. This impact is higher outside urban areas. pdf5 ppt5
Benefit results of road improvement programmes are now available fromEuroRAP. In terms of crash costs alone, more than 2% of European GDP is lost annually. The expected Benefit-Cost ratio is 5 for applying EuroRAP recommendations across the TEN-T, as highlighted in a recent EuroRAP infographic. pdf5
This year’s Road Safety Conference organised by TISPOL will take place in Manchester, on 7 October 2015. This year’s conference will focus on the challenges of protecting vulnerable road users, and the importance of finding effective solutions to reduce death and serious injury on Europe’s roads. There will be an interesting and varied line-up of speakers from police, policymaking and industry across Europe. 
The National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) and the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers organised the 6th Pan-Hellenic Conference on Road Safety, which took place with great success in Athens at the Amphitheater of the Ministry of Infrastructure, on 12-13 March 2015. The main objectives of the conference were to explore and assess the level of road safety in the country and the efforts and innovations implemented to improve the road safety of drivers, vehicles and pedestrians in Greece. More than 300 road safety experts and stakeholders participated at the 8 sessions with 35 oral and 24 poster presentations.
The Conference Proceedings and the respective presentations are available at the Conference website. 
 NTUA presentations concerned:
pdf5 ppt5 Identification of potential hazardous locations on existing roads as related to road alignment
pdf5 ppt5 Investigation of the influence of  the road grade in determining the Stopping Sight Distance
ppt5 Safety considerations in road infrastructure design
Road Safety advice is now available on Olympia Odos webpage. Useful advice is given for different driving scenarios, for example driving inside tunnels, what to do in the case of fire etc.  
Athanasios Theofilatos, NTUA PhD Candidate and Researcher at the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering in the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens, obtained theNTUA Thomaidion Αward 2013 for the publication of the paper titled “Pedestrian Gap Acceptance for Mid-Block Street Crossing, co-authored by Prof. George Yannis and Dr. Eleonora Papadimitriou in the Journal of Transportation Planning and Technology.  doi
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has just published the PIN Flash Report ‘Ranking EU progress on improving mororways safety‘, with the contribution of NTUA. Motorways are the safest roads by design and regulation. Nevertheless in 2013, around 1,900 people were killed on the motorway network in the EU, representing 7% of all road deaths. Nearly 27.500 people have died on motorways in the EU in the last ten years 2004 to 2013. Nevertheless progress has been made. Across the EU the number of people killed on motorways was cut by 49% between 2004 and 2013 (compared to 44% on the rest of the road network). Over the same period, the length of the motorway network increased by about a quarter. 
The International Journal of Transportation, published online by the Science and Engineering Researh Support Society (SERSC) has just announced a call for papers for the Special Issue on Road Safety in Europe, with Guest Editors NTUA Professors George Yannis and Constantinos Antoniou. This Journal provides a chance for academic and industry professionals to discuss recent progress in the area of Transportation. The merit of this journal is to expedite the review process in order to deliver emerging issues timely. The deadline for paper subbmission is end of April 2015. pdf5
According to provisional data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT), the number of road fatalities in 2014 continued to decrease significantly (-10%), whereas serious injuries decreased by 17%.  Road fatalities in Greece have decreased by an impressive 46% since 2009, whereas injury road accidents decreased by 21%. The rate fatalities per number of vehicles (72 fatalities per million inhabitants) has also decreased in the same period by 46% making Greece to advance several steps among the EU countries, getting for the first time closer to the EU average (52) than to the least performing EU countries (90-105). This impressive decrease can be attributed to the joint effect of: a) more systematic initiatives from the Authorities (intensification of enforcement, construction and upgrade of 2.500 km of motorways, urban mobility plans) and several stakeholders (new vehicles, campaigns, training and monitoring) and b) the deep economic crisis, which brought new traffic patterns (less veh-kms, less risky drivers) and less speedy and aggressive driver behaviour. pdf5

More than 200 road infrastructure safety experts and stakeholders have attended the 2-day Technical Conference on ‘Current Advances in Road Infrastructure Safety Equipment’ organised by the European Union Road Federation (ERF), in cooperation with the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers (HITE) and the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), that took place on 12-13 February 2015, in the Acropolis Museum, Athens.

The first day of the Technical Conference was dedicated to European and Greek policies and legislation with respect to road infrastructure safety, with the second focusing more on European standards and their implementation in Greece, together with good practices for road infrastructure safety equipment. Technical sessions focused on road restraint systems, horizontal and vertical signage, work-zones, passive support and maintenance. All presentations are now available. 

NTUA presentation concerned ‘Management of Road Infrastructure Safety‘ ppt5

On Wednesday, February 11th, 2015 the European Parliament plenary overwhelmingly adopted Spanish MEP’s Ayala Sender’s report on cross-border exchange of information on road safety related traffic offences, based on the European Commissions’ updated rules to tackle traffic offences committed abroad. These rules will allow Member States to exchange information in order to identify EU drivers who commit traffic offences abroad, including the four “big killers” that cause 75% of road fatalities: speeding, running traffic lights, failure to use seatbelts and drunk driving. These rules will apply to all EU Member States. 
Report titled  ‘Towards Safer Work Zones‘  has been released by the European Union Road Federation (ERF). The ERF’s dedicated Working Group, carried out a focused research on national guidelines, legislations and cases regarding equipment deployed in road work zones, in order to detect best practices, identify improvements and produce performance guidelines adapted to the state of the art. This Report focuses on the TEN-T road network and examined the approach, activity and termination areas in mobile, short and long term work zones, current practices and the equipment used throughout the European countries. pdf5
Attikes Diadromes, the Operator of “Attiki Odos” Athens Ring Road Motorway, was among the five organisations to receive the 2015 Excellence in Road Safety Award from Violeta Bulc, the EU’s Commissioner for Transport, at a ceremony in Brussels. This Award, also known as the Charter Award recognises the most innovative practices carried out in the framework of the European Road Safety Charter. The objective of such an award is to recognise the hard work of organisations that engage in road safety, and to inspire others to do so as well. The winners were selected from some 2.200 signatories of the Road Safety Charter following an evaluation made by the European Commission. 
The FAST-zero Symposium organised by SAFER – Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre and Chalmers University of Technology in co-operation with Swedish Vehicular Engineering Association will take place in Gothenburg, Sweden, on 9-11 September 2015. The symposium will be held outside Japan for the first time. Sweden is a natural choice for a FAST-zero symposium since the Swedish parliament was the first to announce a Vision Zero policy. The main idea is simple: No loss of life in traffic is acceptable. But the approach is innovative; since humans make mistakes, instead of making the driver responsible, vehicles and traffic system solutions must be designed so that accidents are avoided. 

The 24th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) organised by the Swedish Transport Administration and the SAFER Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre will take place in Gothenburg, Sweden, on June 8-11, 2015. The ESV conference is internationally focused on vehicle safety and is supported by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and many other participating Governments across North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific regions. 

The 4th European Motorcyclists Forum, organised by the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), hosted by the European Parliament members Inés Ayalá-Sender (S&D), and Wim van de Camp (EPP), Transport Committee Vice-Chairman Dominique Riquet (ALDE) took place in Brussels, on 2-3 February 2015. This year’s Forum focused on the question “How to tackle motorcycle safety challenges for the next decade?

After a series of presentations and discussions on the 2nd of February the second day was used to obtain views on the outcomes of the EU co-financed project RIDERSCAN– A European Scanning Tour for Motorcycle Safety, including the state of the art of motorcycle safety knowledge, access to powered two wheelers, the traffic and road environment, and how to convey safety messages to riding community, in order to set up a result-based PTW safety strategy. Subsequently, the Debate-Session in the Parliament took place in the morning of Tuesday 3rd of February and further expand on motorcycling safety in the context of the mid-term evaluation of Commission road safety policy orientations 2011-2020. 

Ten countries have a better performance than the EU average.Greece is ranked 21st in 2013. Spain reached more than 70% reduction of the rate fatalities per population for the period 2002-2013. pdf5
Car drivers are the largest road user group among road fatalities in all EU-23 countries. Together with car passengers they account for 46% of all fatalities. pdf5
In EU-23, only 7% of road fatalities occurred in motorways. 55% of road fatalities occurred on non motorway rural roads. In Greece, more road fatalities occurred on urban than rural roads. pdf5
Far more males than females are killed in road accidents in all EU-23 countries. Most road fatalities are within the 64+ age group. pdf5
Road fatalities have decreased by more than 50% during the period 2002-2013, leading to 27.894 less road fatalities (2013) in comparison to 2002. Six countries ( ES, LV, SK, EE, LT,  PT) have reached reduction of more than 60% for the period 2001-2013. The performance of Greece in fatalities reduction is ranked 20thpdf5
NTUA Professor George Yannis has given an invited lecture at the National Transportation Center of the University of Maryland led by Prof. Lei Zhang, on “Traffic and safety data analysis: from correlation to causation and policy support“.  The Lecture focussed on the various facets of road safety data, starting from the need for evidence based road safety policies, followed by key road safety analysis methods, the challenges of road safety measures’ assessment and the role of road user behaviour and concluding with an integrated road safety approach from data monitoring and analysis to policy support. 

The Transportation Research Board (TRB) 94th Annual Meeting was held in Washington, D.C., in  11-15 January 2015. The TRB Annual Meeting program covered all transportation modes, with more than 4,500 presentations in nearly 800 sessions and workshops addressing topics of interest to all attendees-policy makers, administrators, practitioners, researchers, and representatives of government, industry, and academic institutions. The spotlight theme for the 2015 TRB Annual Meeting was Corridors to the Future: Transportation and Technology

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Multilevel comparative analysis of road safety in european capital cities

pdf5 ppt5 Introducing human factors in pedestrian crossing behavior models

pdf5 ppt5 Driving behaviour of drivers with mild cognitive impairment and alzheimer’s disease: a driving simulator study

pdf5 ppt5 Do simulator measures improve identification of older drivers with MCI?

pdf5 ppt5 Localization and driving behavior classification using smartphone sensors in the direct absence of GNSS

pdf5 ppt5 Controlling crest vertical curvature rates based on variable grade stopping sight distance calculation

ppt5 Management of Road Infrastructure Safety

The European Commission has recently released a Study on some safety-related aspects of tyre use,  prepared by the TNO and TML. The overall aim of the study is to propose policy options concerning the use of tyres for improvement of traffic safety. Centrally to this, is the idea that end users need to make the correct assessment in relation to the tyre condition in order to achieve a level of safety as high as possible. The tyre condition is considered in relation to technical elements (tyre inflation pressure, tyre tread depth, tyre damage, tyre age, and meteorological influences) and one information element (driver awareness). The study addresses the topics of tyre usage and the impact on road safety (which are the potential safety improvements related to tyre usage from a technical perspective) and how can road users be supported to use tyres that have a better safety performance by policy options. pdf5
The ITS World Congress will take place on 5-9 October 2015 in Bordeaux, France. The ITS Congress and Exhibition is the world’s largest event in intelligent transport systems and services. Through the main theme “Towards Intelligent Mobility – Better Use of Space”, the Bordeaux Congress will focus not only on how achieving intelligent mobility will change our lives but also on the benefits space can bring to ITS applications. 
The UN Road Safety Collaboration is organising the global campaign for the Third UN Global Road Safety Week, 4-10 May 2015, on the theme children and road safety: #SaveKidsLives. The campaign seeks to highlight the plight of children on the world’s roads, generate action to better ensure their safety and promote the inclusion of safe and sustainable transport in the post-2015 development agenda. The centrepiece of the #SaveKidsLives campaign, which was launched in November 2014, is a child declaration, developed with input from children around the world. The campaign invites all road safety policy-makers and advocates to “sign it”, “show it”, and “deliver it” to those in charge of road safety in countries and communities during the Week. 
We heartily wish you very joyful Christmas holidays and a very happy and fruitful new year 2015, plenty of personal and professional achievements. Let’s dream, let’s hope and let’s work systematically for a more bright 2015, getting closer to the road casualties zero vision in Europe.
A joint campaign is organised by the Greek Moorways ‘Attiki Odos‘, ‘Aegean Motorways‘, ‘Gefyra‘, ‘Egnatia Odos‘, ‘Kentriki Odos‘, ‘Moreas‘, ‘Nea Odos‘ and ‘Olympia Odosto raise road safety awareness at work zones. As part of the campaign a brochure is distributed by all the country’s traffic tolls, that invites drivers in mutual commitment to respect human life and thus the safety of all those working on the road. pdf5
The second version of the Motorcycle Vision is now available by the Swedish Motorcyclists Association (SMC). The aim of the Motorcycle Vision is to introduce the motorcyclists’ views on the targets in Vision Zero and how they should be achieved. Six years after the release of the first Motorcycle Vision, SMC releases the Motorcycle Vision version 2.0, updated on the basis of statistics, research, new knowledge and experiences. The Report focusses on the responsibility of the motorcyclists, the interaction with other users, a more motorcycle friendly transport system and the safer vehicles. 
A paper titled ‘A review of Powered-Two-Wheeler behaviour and safety‘ co-authored by Athanasios Theofilatos and George Yannis is now published in the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion. Current research on PTW safety is not as extensive as for other road users (passenger cars, etc.) and this research provides a critical review of research on Power-Two-Wheeler behaviour and safety with regard to data collection, methods of analysis and contributory factors, and discuss the needs for further research. Both macroscopic analyses (accident frequency, accident rates and severity) and microscopic analyses (PTW rider behaviour, interaction with other motorised traffic) are examined and discussed in this paper. The research gaps and the needs for future research are identified, discussed and put in a broad framework. When the interactions between behaviour, accident frequency/rates and severity are co-considered and co-investigated with the various contributory factors (riders, other users, road and traffic environment, vehicles), the accident and injury causes as well as the related solutions are better identified.  doi
The European Transport Safety Research Report is just published by the European Commission. In the last ten years, safety has increased across all modes, the EU set ambitious targets in its 2011 Transport White Paper, but much more needs to be done. The purpose of this Report is to demonstrate the amount of research effort being spent in each of Europe’s transport sectors to deliver a safer transport system for the 21st Century.  doi
The latest tool of the  ERTICO – ITS Europe is the ITS Library, a large collection of ITS related documents, videos, audio recordings and presentations. These materials relate to ITS in general, ITS projects, and ITS publications (academic and other). Thousands of document have been collected and published to provide useful access to a vast amount of knowledge and experience in the development, deployment and testing of intelligent transport systems. Access is free after a simple registration. 

The Conference on Transport Safety: Societal challenges, Research solutions, was organised by the European Commission and the Italian EU Presidency and took place with great success on 4-5 December 2014, in Genoa, Italy. More than 350  road safety experts, stakeholders and decision-makers participated and contributed actively at the Conference structured interactive debates. 

The conference addressed the safety challenges specific to each mode but also the common issues and concerns that cut across them – notably human factors, automation and data management – taking into account societal challenges, policy requirements, technological developments and economic benefits to assess the future needs for transport safety, and identify priorities for activities in Horizon 2020 and beyond. The Conference results are summarised at the Conference Final Statement. pdf5

NTUA Prof. George Yannis delivered the final key note speech titled: ‘Major societal challenges and research solutions in transport safety in Europe‘ ppt5

The European Commission has released the new Policy Brochure ‘Travelling Safely in Europe by road, rail and water‘. The publication highlights the contribution of EU research in improving safety of vehicles and infrastructure, and enhancing user behaviour, with the overall goal to improve safety of the European transport systemand meet the ambitious targets to reduce fatalities and injuries on land and sea throughout the European Union.pdf5
A paper titled ‘Simulation of Pedestrians and Motorised Traffic: existing research and future challenges‘ co-authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou, Jean Michael Auberlet, Sylvain Lassarrre and George Yannis is now published in International Journal of Interdisciplinary Telecommunications and Networking. The objective of this paper is the analysis of the state of the art in pedestrian simulation models and the identification of key issues for further research, with particular focus on the modelling of pedestrians and motorised traffic. A review and a comparative assessment of pedestrian simulation models are carried out, including macroscopic models, earlier meso- and miscosimulation models (mostly in Cellular Automata) and more recent Multi-Agent simulation models. The reviewed models cover a broad range of research topics: pedestrian flow and level of service, crowd dynamics and evacuations, route choice etc. However, pedestrian movement in urban areas and the interactions between pedestrians and vehicles have received notably less attention. A number of challenges to be addressed in future research are outlined: first, the need to and account for the hierarchical behavioural model of road users (strategic / tactical / operational behaviour); second, the need for appropriate description and parameterization of vehicle and pedestrian networks and their crossing points; third, the need to exploit in the simulation models the results of statistical and probabilistic models, which offer valuable insight in the determinants of pedestrian behaviour. In each case, recent studies towards addressing these challenges are outlined.  doi
The 9th Internationational Congress on Vascular Dementia (ICVD 2015) will take place on 15-18 October 2015, in Ljubljiana, Slovenia. The goal of this Congress is to facilitate a fruitful exchange of knowledge between clinicians and researchers in the field, with a particular interest in its overlaps with Alzheimer’s disease as well as the effects of vascular brain disease. 

The International Conference on Ageing and Safe Mobility, organised by the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt), the Forum of the European Road Safety Research Institutes(FERSI), the European Conference of Transport Research Institutes (ECTRI), the European Transport Research Alliance (ETRA), the European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP), the Forum of European National Highway Research Laboratories (FEHRL) and the Human Centred Design for Information Society Technologies Network (HUMANIST) took place with great success in Bergisch-Gladbach, on 27-28 November 2014.

The Conference was attended by more than 200 road safety experts and focused on the road safety problems of elderly road users and it aimed at elaborating policy recommendations concerning implementation of available road safety evidence based research results. In the nine sessions that took place over two days participants discussed all aspects of the road safety for elderly: human factors, infrastructure, vehicle engineering and traffic management systems

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Assessment of driving performance of drivers with brain pathologies in urban roads, using a driving simulator

pdf5 ppt5 Is distracted driving performance affected by age? First findings from a driving simulator study

pdf5 ppt5 Exploring the Association between Working Memory and Parkinson’s Disease in a Driving Simulator

pdf5 ppt5 Older drivers’ self assessment and cognitive impairments

The International Symposium on Communication Technologies and Road Safety was organised by the Emirates Traffic Safety Society (ETSS), the Arab Road Safety Organization (AROSO), La Prévention Routiére Internationale (PRI) and the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) and took place in Abu Dhabi, on 26-27 November 2014. The symposium objective among others was to highlight the solutions offered by modern technology to ensure positive impact on the behaviour of drivers while driving. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Distracted driving and mobile phone use: overview of impacts and countermeasures‘ pdf5ppt5

A new report  on the Importance of Road Maintenance is now available by the World Road Association (PIARC). The importance of maintenance needs to be recognised by decision makers, funded appropriately and well managed to ensure maximum value is achieved. Inadequate levels of investment or poor management of the road network will have serious consequences for economies and social well-being. This report makes the case for the importance of road maintenance by drawing on robust evidence from around the world.  doi

The International Conference ‘Infrastructures and Behaviours to Enhance Road Safety’ organised by ALOT – the Agency of East Lombardy for Transport and Logistics, took place with great succes in Brescia on 21 November 2014. This event was organized in order to present the final results of the ROSEE project, carried out within the South East Europe transnational cooperation programme (SEE). In this Conference, the current situation of road safety potential in South East Europe was presented by international specialists followed by all the project results, with emphassis on road safety infrastructural and behavioural issues, including the relative pilot actions and investment proposals which emerged from the ROSEE project. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Proposals for Road Infrastructure Safety Investments and Interventions in South East Europe‘ ppt5

An Infrastructures Road Safety Workshop, organised by Make Roads Safe Hellas took place in Athens on 20 November 2014. The aim of the workshop was to bring together international and national road safety experts, stakeholders and decision-makers and give them the opportunity to share their knowledge and discuss ways to continue improving infrastructures’ road safety. Make Roads Safe Hellas, as the Lead Partner of the SENSoR project had the opportunity to present the results of a comprehensive study regarding the assessment of the TEN-T network safety for first time in Greece, according to the international EuroRAP protocolspdf5

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Road Safety in South-East Europe‘ ppt5

The 3rd International Cycling Safety Conference – ICSC2014, organised by SAFER Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre at Chalmers, Chalmers University of Technology and City of Gothenburg took place with great success in Gothenburg, on 18-19 November 2014. The conference was a great opportunity for the more than 160 researchers, legislators, politicians, and members of cycling associations to exchange knowledge on cycling safety and discuss new research topics and safety solutions. All the presentations and peer-reviewed papers are now available onto the conference website. 

Ten leading global companies have come together to create Together for Safer Roads (TSR)  – an innovative private sector coalition focusing on improving road safety and reducing deaths and injuries by road traffic collisions. The vision of Together for Safer Roads is a world where roads are safe for all people. Members will use their combined knowledge, data, technology and networks to promote safer roads, vehicles and systems; safer road users; and advocacy and thought leadership.
TSR members will also focus on scaling industry best practices that draw on cross-industry expertise. An Expert Panel, drawn from Academia, NGOs, Governments and International Organizations, with the active participation of NTUA Professor George Yannis, advises the Coalition on its focus areas and activities. video
A comprehensive European road safety research roadmap has been prepared within the framework of the EC co-funded support action PROS – Priorities for Road Safety Research in Europe. About 120 experts from more than 40 stakeholder organisations – with the active participation of NTUA – have contributed to the development of this roadmap within the two years of running time of the PROS support action. This Report contains a complete research topics list with their priorities together with a long-term road safety research roadmap. This roadmap is expected to be exploited by the European Commission, National Administrations, the Industry and the European Research Community in order to guide road safety research activities within the coming years. pdf5
AIG has recently released a whitepaper that outlines the issue of road safety and highlights some cutting edge ways AIG aims to improve road safety for all road users. AIG leverages data-driven insights and years of claims experience to understand why road accidents happen with the intent of helping clients remain safe behind the wheel.
The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims (WDR) is commemorated on the third Sunday of November each year to remember the many millions killed and injured on the world’s roads, together with their families and many others also affected, as well as reflect on the tremendous burden and cost of this daily continuing disaster. The Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims was first established in 1995 on the initiative of the European Federation of Road Traffic Victims. Since 2005 the World Day of Remembrance is endorsed by the United Nations and recognised and honoured on all continents.  
  In the last years, several special events are organised all over Greece by road safety NGOs (RSI-Mylonas, Efthita-Rhodes, SOS Road Crimes) in order to commemorate the World Day of Remembrance. On the occasion of the 2014 WDR, Deputy Minister of Infrastructure, Transportation and Networks,Michalis Papadopoulos highlighted that it is high priority for the Governement, the design and implementation of a set of measures for wide sensibilisation of citizens in changing driving behaviour and realizing that road safety is a high personal responibility issue for all. 
The Safe Roads | Safe Kids Global Road Safety Summit will take place in Washington D.C., on 11-12 December 2014. This high level Summit will focus on strong action steps to end the epidemic of traffic deaths and injuries that threatens children worldwide. It will bring together International Agencies, Governments, Foundations, NGOs, the private sector and families. The starting point of the discusions is the fact that every day, more than 500 children are killed in a road traffic collision, and tens of thousands are injured, often suffering lifelong disabilities.  Unless concrete action is taken now, the global toll of traffic injuries will explode, placing millions of children at risk. The Safe Kids Campaign and the Child Declaration for Road Safety are key global campaigns of road safety for kids. 
The European Commission has recently released a Report on Event Data Recorders (EDR),  prepared by the Transport Research Laboratory. The objective of this study was to assist the European Commission in deciding whether the fitting  of EDR in all vehicles or certain categories of vehicles could result in an improvement of road safety or have other possible consequences that would justify the costs associated with the adoption of EU legislative measures. The study aimed to quantify the costs and benefits for heavy goods vehicles, light goods vehicles, buses and coaches, and passenger cars (for private and commercial use). According to this study, the benefits of EDRs are consistently documented in terms of road safety, vehicle design, accidentology and accident reconstruction and legal accident proceedings. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, 29% of road fatalities are motorcycle riders, whereas 39% of road fatalities are passenger car occupants. Most car occupant fatalities occur outside built-up areas while most motorcycle and pedestrian fatalities occur inside built-up areas. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, the majority of road accidents and fatalities occur during clear sky, both inside and outside built-up area. However, accident severity is higher in rainy weatherand other weather conditions especially outside built up areas.  pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, most fatalities occur at daytime and at night with good street lighting inside built-up area, or with no street lighting outside built-up area. Accident severity is increased at night with no street lighting or poor street lighting. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, come off the road and at angle collisions are the most common accident types outside built-up areas. At angle collisions and pedestrian accidents, side impact and rear end collisions are the most common accident types inside built-up areas. Accident severity is more than 4 times higher outside built-up areas and almost 5 time higher at head-on collisions or when a pedestrian is involved. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, among the 988 persons killed in Greece in 2012: 489 were outside built-up areas and 499 were inside built-up areas. 52% of road fatalities outside built-up area occurred on national roads. More than three quarters of road accidents and half of fatalities occurred inside built-up areas. However, accident severity is more than 4 times higher outside built-up areas in total. pdf5
According to ELSTAT data, 988 persons were killed in Greece: 651 drivers, 167 passengers and 170 pedestrians.  Male drivers account for 66% of all road fatalities in Greece. Young male drivers account for almost 50% of male driver fatalities and older people account for almost 50% of pedestrian fatalities. The higher accident severity was found in accidents involving older persons (7,6 fatalities per 100 accidents) and younger persons (4,0 fatalities per 100 accidents). pdf5
Basic characteristics of road fatalities in Greece for the period 1991 – 2012 are summarised in a comprehensive Table (data source: ELSTAT). Since 2001, there are more than 1.000 less road fatalities per year in Greece. According to these time series data an important decrease in road fatalities for young people is observed during the last decade, as well as a spectacular decrease in fatalities outside urban areas and in the number of people killed in accidents with Heavy Goods Vehicles. On the contrary fatalities decrease during the last decade is limited for people killed in motorways, non resident drivers and women drivers. pdf5

The 34th Annual Conference of the US National Academy of Neuropsychology took place in Puerto Rico, on 12-15 November 2014. This year’s NAN conference theme was New Horizons in Neuropsychology Research and Practice

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Neurocognitive correlates of driving behaviour

ppt5 Differential simulator driving patterns among community-dwelling healthy and mildly neurologicaly impaired adults during driver distraction conditions’

The International Transport Forum celebrated the 25th anniversary of IRTAD. For 25 years, IRTAD has worked to improve traffic safety data and support evidence based decision making to enable more effective road safety strategies and save lives. Founded with 12 member countries as a database, IRTAD also soon brought together road safety experts and statisticians from research institutes, national administrations, international organisations, universities, automobile associations and car manufacturers. Today, IRTAD has 70 members from 35 countries. 

The AFB 20 (2) Roadside Safety Design Seminar was organised by the European Union Road Federation (ERF) in cooperation with the International Road Federation and the Transportation Research Board and took place with great success on 5 November 2014 in Brussels. The conference was attended by more than 100 road safety experts and stakeholders from around the globe to gather and exchange information concerning the latest trends and developments in the area ofpassive safety and road infrastructure safety design. All presentations are now available. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Effectiveness of Roadside Safety Measures‘ ppt5

A study titled ‘The Cost of Non-Europe in the Single Market in Transport and Tourism‘ has recently been published by the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS). This assessment builds on expert research commissioned and provided by:
– Cost of Non-Europe in Air and Maritime Transport
– Cost of Non-Europe in Tourism policy and Pasenger Rights
If the long term goal of achieving zero road deaths in the EU was met by 2040, about 164,000 additional lifes could be saved, which would result in a NPV benefit of about €150 billion over the 2015-2035 time horizon. pdf5

The International Conference on Healthy Cities organised by the World Health Organisation, took place in Athens on 22-25 October 2014. This year’s international conference marked 25 years of implementation of the Healthy Cities programme in the European region of the WHO and the launch of the sixth 5-year phase, 2014-2018. It also marked the implementation of thenew WHO agenda, “Health 2020. Road safety was addressed on several occasions in this international conference. 

NTUA presentation concerned ‘Traffic safety in urban mobility policy‘ ppt5

ACEM has recently published ‘The safe ride to the future‘, its new road safety strategy to further improve safety levels for motorcyclists in Europe. The document has been presented at the 10th International Motorcycle Conference in Köln (Germany). As part of this new strategy, the motorcycle industry has signed a Memorandum of Understanding on cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). With regard to training of riders, ACEM and the German Road Safety Council (DVR) have joined forces to promote high quality voluntary post-license training schemes across the EU through a DVR-ACEM Quality Seal. ACEM will also organise a series of workshops in different European countries to identify and promote measures to improve road safety at national, regional and local levels. 
A book titled ‘My friend the Βicycleman‘ has recently been published by the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks as a tool to improve children’s education on road safety and prepare the future drivers. The book aims to help children understand and apply the basic rules of safe and responsible driving during riding their bike in a simple and fun way. pdf5

A driving instructors retraining seminar organised by the Athens Business Chamber and the Citizen’s Movement, took place in Athens on 18 October 2014. The seminar aimed to improve drivers’ knowledge on certain topics, to highlight some aspects of safe driving and to develop the communication between driver instructors and new drivers.  

NTUA presentation concerned ‘Functional traffic accident statistics in Greece‘ ppt5

A regional Road Safety Workshop, organised by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), the Government of the Republic of Serbia (Ministry of Construction, Traffic and Infrastructure (MCTI), the Road Traffic Safety Agency (RTSA) and the Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) in partnership with the South-East Europe Transport Observatory (SEETO), took place in Belgrade on 15-16 October 2014. The workshop brought together a wide range of road safety stakeholders and interested parties from the public and private sectors, including decision makers, planning authorities, and international organizations. The Workshop focused primarily on good practices and experiences on Road Safety Managementin South-East Europe and the Western Balkans. 

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Road Safety Management in Greece

ppt5 Road Safety Management in South East Europe

ppt5 Different forms of inter-agency coordination their potential benefits and risks

A European conference on work-related road safety organised by ETSC took place in Brussels on 13 October 2014. The conference covered the business case for work-related road safety as well as a section on safety issues for van operators. ETSC’s PRAISE project‘s aim is to promote best practice in order to help employers secure high road safety standards for their employees. PRAISE is co-ordinated by the ETSC secretariat with the support of Fundación MAPFRE, the German Road Safety Council (DVR), the Belgian Road Safety Institute (IBSR)and the Dräger Foundation. The Hellenic Air Force was awarded as the Public Authority engaged on work related road safety.
According to the ELSTAT provisional data for 2013, road fatalities in Greece have decreased by 40% since 2009 , whereas serious injuries decreased by 22%. The rate fatalities per number of vehicles has decreased the same period by 42%. The recent deep economic crisis is a major factor which might explain this significant decrease in road fatalities in Greece. pdf5

The American Neurological Association‘s 2014 Annual Meeting, took place in Baltimore on 12-14 October 2014. This year’s Annual Meeting offered scientific symposia on new sensation in the afferent limb, diseases of the synapse, brain initiative, expanded views on neurodegeneration, and neurological challenges of current chronic or recurring viral infections, plus Special Interest Group Symposia on 17 different subspecialties.Behaviour of drivers with cognitive impairements was addressed on several occasions in this ANA Annual Meeting.  

NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Compensatory strategies in the driving behavior of MCI, AD, and PD patients: Preliminary results from a large driving simulation experiment with the use of distraction

ppt5 Exploring the capacity of neurological and neuropsychological measures to predict driving performance in individuals with MCI

A road safety conference organised by the Panhellenic Federation of driving instructors will take place in Crete, on 1-2 November 2014. The conference will focus on the driving instuctor’s role on road safety.   
Reducing road fatalities and serious injuries by helping governments to implement a “safe system” approach in road safety is the objective of a new ITF Working Group launched on October 1st, 2014 in Paris. The “Working Group on the Implementation of a Safe System Approach” will develop actionable policy guidance for countries who aim to improve their road safety performance and in the long run eliminate road traffic as a cause of death or serious injuries. The group’s work programme will build on a previous ITF report, “Towards Zero: Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe Systems Approach“, published in 2008. The working group comprises 28 road safety experts from 23 countries (including Prof. George Yannis from Greece), the World Health Organisation, the World Bank, the International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP), the Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP) and the FIA Foundation. 
A document on the potential road safety improvements offered by in-vehicle safety systems and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) technologies has been released by the European Commission. The aim of this document is to provide a view on the potential of these technologies to prevent accident or reduce their consequences and on how to best promote the deployment of those seen to be most effective.
The Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the School of Civil Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens invites PhD candidates in the field of road safety. Announcement in Greek pdf5 and in English pdf5.
These PhDs will be financed by European research projects with indicative subjects:
1. Integrated multi-level analysis of international road safety data 2. Advanced analysis of road infrastructure safety interventions effectiveness 3. Exploitation of big data to correlate driver behavior with traffic risk
The deadline for application is 30th October 2014.  

A Road Safety Workshop was organised by the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of NTUA in the framework of the ROSEE project of the South East Europe transnational cooperation programme (SEE) in Athens, on 2 October 2014. Results achieved within the ROSEE project were presented in combination with valuable input from the members of the Greek National Advisory Group which was implemented within the project. This workshop was a great opportunity for knowledge exchange between the various Greek road safety stakeholders on key Road Safety issues in Greece and in the South East European Region in relation toroad safety policies, road infrastructure safety and road user behaviour. More than 80 people attended the Workshop including representatives of competent Ministries, road operators, NGOs and other road safety stakeholders. All presentations are available at the ROSEE project website. 

NTUA presentation concerned ‘Proposals for Road Safety Investments and Interventions in South East Europe‘ ppt5

The Conference “Road Safety: risk mapping, infrastructures and behaviour” organised by the projects ROSEE and SENSOR in the framework of the South East Europe transnational cooperation programme (SEE), took place in Ljubljana on 25 September 2014. All results achieved by both ROSEE and SENSOR projects were presented. This conference was a precious opportunity to get updated and discuss with international experts about the major Road Safety issues faced in the South East Region both from Road Safety Audit and Inspections to road users’ behaviour perspectives. 

NTUA presentation concerned ‘Proposals for Road Safety Investments and Interventions in South East Europe‘ ppt5

The 2nd Intenational Conference on Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia, organised by OMICS Group International took place in Valencia on 23-25 September 2014. The Conference aimed at bringing together the professors, researchers, and students in all areas of Alzheimer’s Disease & Dementia and to provide an international forum for the dissemination of original research results, new ideas and practical development experiences which concentrate on both theory and practices, with a special session on Geriatrics, Care Practice and  Cognitive Disorder including impact on driving performance

NTUA presentation concerned ‘Speed and accident rates in MCI and mild AD patients: preliminary results from a large driving simulation experiment‘ ppt5

The European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has issued a new Environmental and Social Policy (ESP) which includes a specific reference to Road and Traffic Safety. More precisely, in the ESP it is outlined that in all projects financed by EBRD:
– the potential traffic and road safety risks to workers and potentially affected communities throughout the project life cycle must be evaluated and monitored and where appropriate measures and plans to address these risks must be developed,
– relevant EU road and traffic safety management standards must be taken into consideration, especially the Directive 2008/96/EC on Road Infrastructure Safety Management (road safety audit for each phase of the project, routinely monitor incident and accident reports, etc.).pdf5
A Workshop titled “Road Safety – Road Accidents” organized by the Police Department of Kalamata took place on September 17th, at the Cultural Center of Kalamata, within the framework of the European Mobility Week (16-22 September 2014). This event aimed to increase road safety awareness of the local communities given that road accident causes are known and can be prevented. More than 150 people attended the Workshop including local and regional representatives, police officials and other road safety stakeholders. Panagiotis Papantoniou, NTUA research engineer and PhD Candidate presented key policies and specific measures to reduce road accidents at the Messinia Region.  ppt5
A paper titled ‘Current road safety trends in Greece‘ co-authored by George Yannis and Alexandra Laiou is now published in Periodica Polytechnica. Greece has been for years among the worst performing countries in Europe in terms of road safety with one of the highest annual rates of fatalities per million inhabitants in the EU. However, a gradual decrease has been recorded over time. The bad performance of Greece in road safety is partially due to institutional problems such as inefficient organization of public administration, lack of organized structures of the State with responsibility for road safety, non-accountability of stakeholders in relation to the implementation of actions and inadequate funding for road safety. The most critical, road user behavior related, accident factors include speeding, low usage rates of seat belts and helmets, unorganized and unprotected traffic of vulnerable road users, drink-driving, use of mobile phones while driving and generalized aggressive driving. In Greece, a great potential for safety improvement exists, if serious effort for tackling the above major critical factors is made. doi
A paper titled ‘A review of the effect of traffic and weather characteristics on road safety‘ co-authored by Athanasios Theofilatos and George Yannis is now published in Accident Analysis & Prevention. Taking into consideration the increasing availability of real-time traffic data and stimulated by the importance of proactive safety management, this paper attempts to provide a review of the effect of traffic and weather characteristics on road safety, identify the gaps and discuss the needs for further research. Despite the existence of generally mixed evidence on the effect of traffic parameters, a few patterns can be observed. For instance, traffic flow seems to have a non-linear relationship with accident rates, even though some studies suggest linear relationship with accidents. On the other hand, increased speed limits have found to have a straightforward positive relationship with accident occurrence. Regarding weather effects, the effect of precipitation is quite consistent and leads generally to increased accident frequency but does not seem to have a consistent effect on severity. The impact of other weather parameters on safety, such as visibility, wind speed and temperature is not found straightforward so far. The increasing use of real-time data not only makes easier to identify the safety impact of traffic and weather characteristics, but most importantly makes possible the identification of their combined effect. The more systematic use of these real-time data may address several of the research gaps identified in this research.  doi
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘The combined effect of economic crisis, traffic and weather conditions on road safety in Athens‘ was presented by Eleni Ziaka in July 2014. Data was collected on a monthly basis for the period 2006-2011 in Attica for victims in road accidents (motorcyclists & pedestrians) including rainfall and temperature, traffic volume and speed in selected arterials and police reports (use of seatbelt and helmet, driving under the influence of alcohol and speed limit violations) and six lognormal regression models were developed. Results show that congestion is statistically significant in every model and speed is statistically significant only in models with seriously injured and killed people. Also, it was found that an increase in temperature and decrease in rainfall increases the number of casualties and especially the seriously injured and killed people. Moreover, influence of speed limit violations and driving under the influence of alcohol is statistically significant. Finally, it is seen that there is a decrease trend in the number of casualties during the economic crisis. pdf5 ppt5
The fourth edition of the Glossary for Transport Statistics is now published by the ITF, Eurostat and UNECE. The Glossary for Transport Statistics was published for the first time in 1994 with the purpose of assisting member countries during the collection of data on transport using the Common Questionnaire developed by the UNECE, ITF and Eurostat. It now comprises 735 definitions and represents a point of reference for all those involved in transport statistics
A paper titled ‘Motorcycle riding under the influence of alcohol: Results from the SARTRE-4 survey‘, co-authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou, Athanasios TheofilatosGeorge Yannis, Julien Cestac and Sami Kraïem is now published in Accident Analysis and Prevention. This research investigates the factors affecting the declared frequency of drink-riding among motorcyclists in Europe and explores regional differences. Data were collected from the SARTRE-4 (Social Attitudes to Road Traffic Risk in Europe) survey, which was conducted in 19 countries. A total sample of 4483 motorcyclists was interviewed by using a face-to-face questionnaire. The data were analyzed by means of multilevel ordered logit models. The results revealed significant regional differences (between Northern, Eastern and Southern European countries) in self-reported drink-riding frequencies in Europe. In general,declared drinking and riding were positively associated with gender (males), increased exposure, underestimation of risk, friends’ behaviour, past accidents and alcohol ticket experience. On the other hand, it was negatively associated with underestimation of the amount of alcohol allowed before driving, and support for more severe penalties.   doi
The Directorate General for Mobility and Transport (DG Move) of the European Commission released the Statistical Pocketbook 2014 ‘EU Transport in figures‘. In this Statistical Pocketbook, key road safety Tables are contained, together with several other Tables on transport statistics, providing a complete picture of current trends in transport in Europe. Data on road fatalities for the EU member states and associate countries allow for time series comparisons and country rankings. pdf5
A campaign on Road Safety for Greek and foreign drivers travelling in Greece is organised by the Road Safety Institute ‘Panos Mylonas’ and the Representation of the European Commission in Greece. The campaign consists of a leaflet – in Greek and English – with road safety tips for motorists, aiming to raise drivers’ awareness, especially during summertime. Moreover, a poster, tv and radio spots were created to highlight the right use of belt, helmet and mobile phone while driving as well as responsible drinking and speed limits.
A Global Approach to Safer Motorcycling’ has recently been published by the International Motorcycle Manufacturers Association (IMMA). This Report updates and replaces the IMMA motorcycle safety document ‘HHRT – Headlight, Helmet, Road Surface and Training’ published in 2010. The key principles in HHRT still apply, but the new Report includes a selection of global best practices for policy makers’ consideration and implies a wider perspective on sustainable road safety – the position of the Powered Two Wheeler (PTW) in society, its economic contribution, how PTWs are used and how infrastructure can be developed to support rider safety. pdf5
NTUA Emeritus Professor George Kanellaidis has been recently awarded by the President of the Hellenic Republic, the Golden Cross of the Order of Merit for his contribution to the Strategic Plan for Road Safety in Greece.  Emeritus Professor George Kanellaidis has been involved in all areas of highways engineering and road safety for more than 40 years through numerous research projects, engineering studies in Greece and abroad and he is the author of a great number of published scientific papers, cited widely worldwide. Road safety strategic planning in Greece has been one of his key scientific areas over the last decades.
As part of the PRAISE project, the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) presents annual awards in recognition of organisations that have made an outstanding commitment to improving work-related road safety. The competition aims to spur on employers throughout the EU to tackle road safety at work and it is divided into three separate categories according to the size and type of the applicant organisations: SME (Small-Medium Enterprise), Large Company and Public Authority. The winners will be chosen by an independent panel of experts appointed by ETSC. Theapplication deadline is early September and the ‘PRAISE Award’ will be presented on the 13th of October 2014 at the PRAISE Annual Conference
Professor John Golias was recently elected as the new Rector of the National Technical University of Athens, heading nine Engineering Schools, more than 500 faculty members, 12.000 students and 4.000 researchers. It is the first time that a Transportation Engineer is elected as NTUA Rector. Professor John Golias is the Director of Traffic Engineering Laboratory of NTUA and Dean of the School of Civil Engineering. He has been involved in all areas of transportation planning and engineering sector for more than 35 years through numerous research projects, engineering studies and committees in Greece and abroad and he is the author of a great number of published scientific papers, cited widely worldwide. He served also as Secretary General of the Ministry of Transport during the Athens 2004 Olympic Games and Chairman of the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers. Road accident analysis and road safety policy are among his key scientific areas. pdf5
A paper titled ‘Road safety forecasts in five European countries using structural time-series models‘, co-authored by Constantinos AntoniouEleonora Papadimitriou and George Yannis is now published in Traffic Injury Prevention. The objective of this research is toapply structural time series models for obtaining reliable medium- to long-term forecasts of road traffic fatality risk using data from 5 countries with different characteristics from all over Europe(Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Norway, and Switzerland). Two structural time series models are considered: (1) the local linear trend model and the (2) latent risk time series model. Furthermore, a structured decision tree for the selection of the applicable model for each situation (developed within the Road Safety Data, Collection, Transfer and Analysis [DaCoTA] research project, co-funded by the European Commission) is outlined. The modeling process included the model selection, the introduction of intervention variables and the development of mobility scenarios. The forecasts using the developed models appear to be realistic and within acceptable confidence intervals. The proposed methodology is proved to be very efficient for handling different cases of data availability and quality, providing an appropriate alternative from the family of structural time series models in each country.  doi
A paper titled ‘Needs and priorities of road safety stakeholders for evidence-based policy making‘ co-authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou and George Yannis is now published in Transport Policy Journal. The objective of this research is the analysis of needs and priorities of road safety stakeholders for evidence-based policy making. Needs and priorities concern both the data to be collected or made available and the tools to be developed or made available to support science-based policy-making. Within the EC co-funded DaCoTA research project, an on-line survey was addressed to more than 3.000 stakeholders, mostly from European countries, in which participants were asked to assess the importance of more than 50 items reflecting data and resources for all stages of road safety policy making. Cluster analysis was carried out, revealing 4 groups of stakeholders with similar needs and priorities: a “low priorities” group, a “need data and models group”, a group mainly interested on “implementation” and an “in-depth analysis” group. Further analysis suggested that the four clusters are adequately – and often similarly – represented in all groups of countries, and in all types of organizations (e.g. national administrations, universities, interest groups, road safety organizations etc.).  doi
The Global Road Safety Partnership Annual Report has recently been published. The report summarises in brief the actions taken by the Global Road Safety Partnership during the year 2013 to encourage and to increase road safety efforts within the framework of the Decade of Action and to build and share knowledge to achieve a reduction in road crash death and injury; and also demonstrates that national and global improvement is achievable. 
A paper titled ‘Latent risk and trend models for the evolution of annual fatality numbers in 30 European countries‘ co-authored by Emmanuelle Dupont, Jacques J.F. Commandeur, Sylvain Lassarre, Frits Bijleveld, Heike Martensen, Constantinos Antoniou, Eleonora Papadimitriou, George Yannis, Elke Hermans, Catherine Pérez, Elena Santamariña-Rubio, Davide Shingo Usami,Gabriele Giustiniani is now published in Accident Analysis & Prevention. In this paper a unified methodology is presented for the modelling of the evolution of road safety in 30 European countries. For each country, annual data of the best available exposure indicator and of the number of fatalities were simultaneously analysed with the bivariate latent risk time series model. This model is based on the assumption that the amount of exposure and the number of fatalities are intrinsically related. It captures the dynamic evolution in the fatalities as the product of the dynamic evolution in two latent trends: the trend in the fatality risk and the trend in the exposure to that risk. The temporal structure of the unobserved components of the optimal model was established, and structural breaks in the trends related to external events were identified and captured by adding intervention variables to the appropriate components of the model. As a final step, for each country the optimally modelled developments were projected into the future, thus yielding forecasts for the number of fatalities up to and including 2020.  doi
A paper titled ‘Impact of texting on young drivers’ behaviour and safety in urban and rural roads through a simulation experiment‘ co-authored by George Yannis,Alexandra Laiou, Panagiotis Papantoniou and Charalambos Christoforou is now published in Journal of Safety Research. A driving simulator experiment was carried out in which 34 young participants drove in different driving scenarios; specifically, driving in good weather, in raining conditions, in daylight and in night were examined. Lognormal regression methods were used to investigate the influence of texting as well as various other parameters on the mean speed and mean reaction time. Binary logistic methods were used to investigate the influence of texting use as well as various other parameters in the probability of an accident. It appears that texting leads to statistically significant decrease of the mean speed and increase of the mean reaction time in urban and rural road environment. Simultaneously, it leads to an increased accident probability due to driver distraction and delayed reaction at the moment of the incident. It appeared that drivers using mobile phones with a touch screen present different driving behavior with respect to their speed, however, they had an even higher probability of being involved in an accident.  doi
A paper titled ‘Modeling road accident injury under-reporting in Europe‘ co-authored by George YannisEleonora Papadimitriou, Antonis Chaziris and Jeremy Broughton is now published in European Transport Research Review. The purpose of this research is to present a disaggregate analysis of road accident injury under-reporting in selected European countries. The level of injury under-reporting is expressed by under-reporting coefficients, estimated as the actual estimated number of road accident injuries of a given severity to the number of related injuries recorded by the Police. Log-rate models are developed in order to estimate the combined effects of country (CZ, FR, GR, HU, NL, ES and the UK), road user type (car occupant, motorcyclist, pedal cyclist, pedestrian), Police severity score (serious or slight injury) and MAIS score (the maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale score) on under-reporting. The results suggest that the examined characteristics have important combined effect on under-reporting (i.e. third-order interaction). For example, it was found that slight injuries are more likely to be under-reported than serious injuries in the Czech Republic, France, and Greece, while the opposite is the case for the Netherlands and the UK. Moreover, although the Netherlands do not present high under-reporting rates overall, a particular issue is identified in this country for pedal cyclists’ slight injuries.  doi
A new application ‘The Road Safety Atlas‘ has  been recently released by the Road Safety Unit of the European Commission, exploiting data from the CARE database, the EU database with disaggregate data. It is an application openly available with several detailed thematic maps on road fatalities and extended backround data available, including statistics per country and comparisons between countries. The application is available on desktop computers, laptop, mobile phones and tablets.  
The United Nations High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development has recently included road safety in the “Zero Draft” which proposed goals and targets on Sustainable Development for the Post 2015 Developemnet Agenda. At the proposed goal 11 on building inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements, a specific road safety goal is set: to provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport for all and to expand public transport and improve road safety, with specific target to half the number of road fatalities by 2030. 
The new smartphone application ‘Going Abroad’ is now available after an initiative of the European Commission. This app provides information on EU road traffic rules and is available for iPhone and iPad, Google Android and Microsoft Windows phones in 22 languages. Apart from all important road safety information for all EU countries, the app also contains a road safety quiz and a memory game to entertain passengers during long car journeys. Of course the app should never be checked while driving; drivers should let the passengers do the job or take breaks from driving to stay both rested and well-informed. 
The Symposium on Future Road Infrastructure Challenges was organised by the European Union Road Federation (ERF) and took place with great success in Brussels on 18 June 2014. It was a highly dynamic and interactive forum in which the current challenges faced by the sector were discussed by the more than 100 experts, decision makers and stakeholders.  The ERF event was structured around five principal themes: safety, sustainability, ITS, financing and innovation. All presentations are now available. 
The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has launched recently the PIN Annual Report at the PIN Annual Conference on June 18th, 2014 in Brussels. There were 9.800 fewer road deaths in the EU in 2011-2013 than in three years before in 2010, demonstrating that the European Union is almost on track to reach the 2020 target. Slovakia (-37%) tops the ranking for reduction in road deaths between 2010 and 2013, followed by Spain, Greece and Portugal with reductions of more than 30%. Across the EU28 road deaths have been cut by 18% between 2010 and 2013, equivalent to a 6.2% average annual reduction. The EU target for 2020 is therefore reachable if combined efforts at both national and EU level are stepped up.  However, there is a clearly slower progress in reducing serious injuries on EU roads. George Yannis, NTUA Associate Professor, stated that “The difference in progress might be attributed to several factors which have a more important impact on deaths than on serious injuries, such as improved vehicle passive safety, speed management and better driver behaviour (leading to less injury accidents but many less deaths) and the improved post accident care systems across the EU.”

The stakeholder Conference on Road Infrastructure Safety Management organised by the European Commision took place with great success on 13 June 2014, in Brussels. More than 80 key road safety experts, stakeholders and decision makers participated and contributed actively to the Conference discussions. The Conference was part of the study for theevaluation of the costs and benefits associated with Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management and focused on three key topics: Vulnerable Road Users, Intelligent Transport Systems and Measurement of Safety Performance of the Roads. 

The complete conclusions are now available. pdf5

NTUA Associate Professor George Yannis summarised the challenges and the concluding remarks for each of the three key topics: ‘Current and future challenges of the Directive 2008/96/EC‘ ppt5

NTUA Professor Matthew Karlaftis passed away on 4 June 2014. NTUA and the global scientific community lost an eminent scientist and a bright personality, with significant contribution to transportation planning and engineering in Greece and worldwide. Prof. M.Karlaftis contributed and guided several research projects and engineering studies and published numerous papers in scientific journals and conference proceedings, cited intensively worldwide. Editor-in-Chief of Transportation Research Part C and Board Member of several other Journals, he received several scientific awards. He served also as Chairman of the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers. Transportation statistical modeling was his passion, with great contributions on road accident analysis. Prof. M.Karlaftis will always be the bright example for the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens.
According to the Prime Minister Decision nr. 1245/15-5-2014, the Greek Road Safety Inter-Ministry Committee is re-established.  Under the new structure, the Inter-Ministry Committee is chaired by the Prime Minister, assisted by a Support Committee chaired by the Deputy Minister for Infrastructure, Transport and Networks and the respective Secretariat.  pdf5 In parallel, the new National Road Safety Council has also been re-established, comprising representatives from all decision makers and stakeholders involved, as well as key road safety experts. pdf5

The Joint Congress of European Neurology, organised by the European Federation of Neurological Societies (EFNS) and the European Neurological Society (ENS) took place on 31 May – 3 June, 2014, in Istanbul. This scientific meeting provided a platform for continuing education in all fields of neurology, covering a broad spectrum of topics with state-of-the-art lectures by acknowledged experts. 

NTUA contributed to the following road safety presentations:

ppt5 Predictors of driving performance in individuals with MCI: preliminary results

ppt5 Prediction of driving performance in patients with Parkinson’s disease: preliminary findings on the role of the Comprehensive Trail Making test

ppt5 Reaction time to incidents as a function of age and neurological disease: preliminary findings from a large driving simulation experiment

ppt5 The relation between intentional and incidental memory in healthy young versus older individuals

The workshop ‘Together we are road safety’, organised by the European Road Safety Charter and the Road Safety Institute ‘Panos Mylonas’ took place with great success on May 28th in Athens . pdf5

The purpose of the workshop was to promote best practices and explore new ideas in relation to awareness and education of young people on road safety issues.

NTUA Professors George Yannis and Constantinos Antoniou presented: ‘Safety statistics at the Greek roads’.  ppt5

The Road Safety Festival ‘Safe driving, it’s a matter of life‘, organised by the Hellenic Association of Insurance Companies and the ‘Road Safety Institute – Panos Mylonas‘ took place on May 28th, at Syntagma Square, Athens, under the auspices of the Greek Presidency of the EU and the City of Athenspdf5
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Comparative multilevel road safety analysis in European capitals‘ was presented by Marianthi Mermygka in May 2014. A database was developed for this analysis containing data regarding the number and the characteristics of road fatalities, the population and other indicators of the nine selected European capital cities for the period 2007 – 2011. Multilevel Poisson statistical models were developed, allowing for a clearer picture of the hierarchical structure of road safety data, and they led to a more complete identification of factors affecting road safety level in the selected European capital cities, revealing new additional aspects of road safety performance in these cities. Factors found with a statistically significant impact concerned city characteristics (road network length, population density, public transport use) and accident characteristics (road user and vehicle type). The comparison between the European capital cities showed that the larger the city’s road network is, the higher the level of road safety is in this citypdf5 ppt5
The European Road Safety Charter team hosted an online conference onRoad Safety and Media, on June 4th, 2014. Road Safety media experts from THINK!, La Prévention Routière and the Hellenic Road Safety Institute ‘Panos Mylonas’ shared knowledge of their effective communication campaigns, and how to best manage contacts with press and media. 
The DEKRA Vision Zero is an interactive map showing European cities and towns that achieve a total zero in road fatalities. An assessment of the accident statistics for 17 European countries from 2009 to 2012 by DEKRA Accident Research shows that a total of 462 towns and cities with over 50,000 inhabitants achieved a total of zero at least once in this period. The interactive map shows not only the 17 countries originally examined but is constantly being expanded and updated using further data as it becomes available.  Three towns in Greece are among these 462 European cities with zero fatalities: Kalamaria and Neapoli-Sykies (Thessaloniki suburbs) and Zografou (Athens suburbs).
The International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published the Annual Report 2014, which comprises asynthesis of the main trends and road safety indicators for the year 2012 and preliminary data for the year 2013. It presents longer-term trends in order to better understand the developments taking place in the different countries. The road fatality count in IRTAD countries was 1.7% lower in 2012 than 2011 whilst mobility, in terms of motorised vehicle-kilometres, remained more or less constant. Although the fatality reduction fits into the long-term downward trend, 2012 saw the smallest reduction in ten years. Moreover, a report activity of the IRTAD Group summarising the activities of the Group and detailed reports from 37 countries are presented. NTUA has contributed to the detailed report for Greece. pdf5doi
A new link is now available in the European Commission Road safety webpage, containing road safety actions’ videos from all over Europe. The purpose of this link is to inform the users and the stakeholders on actions that take place in Europe concerning road safety and to encourage them for further actions promoting road safety in Europe. 

The Sixth European Road Safety Day took place with great success in Athens on May 9th, 2014 organised by the European Commission, in cooperation with the Greek EU Presidency. This one-day conference, centred around the headline theme ‘Safe and smart infrastructure’, brought together more than 250 road safety experts, stakeholders and decision-makers from Greece and from Europe who participated actively at the two round table discussions on infrastructure challenges and on technological solutions. In parallel, several interesting road safety products, services and concepts were presented at the information stands offered by leading European and Greek road safety organisations. 

NTUA Professor Emeritus George Kanellaidis presentation concerned Road safety strategy and measures. pdf5

 
The European Commission has published for the first time a scoreboard on transport in the EU. It compares Member State performance in 22 transport-related categories and highlights for most of these categories the five top and bottom performers. The Netherlands and Germany top the scoreboard with high scores in 11 categories, followed by Sweden, the UK and Denmark. The aim of this first EU Transport Scoreboard is to give a snapshot of the diversity of Member State performance in transport matters across Europe and to help Member States identify shortcomings and define priorities for investment and policies. Road fatalities indicators can be compared with all other transport indicators of all EU countries. 
Transport infographics on how EU policy has evolved in the last 5 years is now available by the European Commission. The key points are:
– 0% setting a new target for CO2 emissions in major urban centres by 2030
– 1 single European Transport Area
– 2 + accelerating Single European Sky
– 3 x more funding for transport infrastructure investment in the EU between 2014 and 2020
– 4 th railway package – an ambitious strategy to deliver better quality and more choice in railway services in Europe
– 5 Blue Belt:cutting red tape for shipping across five key areas- customs, ports, security, border controls, and health
– 6 billion Euros investment in transport research and innovation within the programme for the next seven years
– 7% annual cut in road deaths in the last 5 years
– 8 aviation agreements signed to better connect Europe to the outside world
– 9 major transport corridors to act as the backbone for transportation
– 10 Passenger rights however you travel  
 
The 42nd Annual ASECAP Study and Information Days organised by the European Association with tolled motorways (ASECAP) took place with great success on 26-28 May in Athens. The conference reflected the interconnection, under the umbrella of sustainability, between questions regardingtolling and concessions, road safety and security and Intelligent Transport Systems, and exploited the added value of combining the unmatched technical expertise and field experience of ASECAP Members with top-notch political considerations. On the first day of the discussion a special session focused on Road safety, security and sustainability.  All conference presentations are now available. 
The new report ‘Safe Roads for All: A Post-2015 Agenda for Health and Development’ from the Commission for Global Road Safety is now available, urging a road safety target to be included in the new UN Sustainable Development Goals. The Mandela family is leading The Long Short Walk campaign calling for road safety to be included in the post-2015 development agenda. 2015 is a crunch year as it will be the launch date for new Sustainable Development Goals to replace the Millennium Development Goals. 
In April 2014, the European transport Safety Council (ETSC) published in its re-designed website a PIN Flash concerning Car Occupant Safety. Around 240,000 car occupants were killed in road collisions in the EU in the years 2001-2012 . There were 12,345 deaths in 2012 compared with 27,700 in 2001, a cut of 55%. Deaths of car occupants were cut by more than the overall death rate (49%) and substantially more than the rate for other road users (41%). Car occupants have therefore benefitted more than other road users from road safety measures adopted over the past decade. This is not surprising, as many of those measures were targeted at car occupants including increased enforcement of the main traffic offences, improved vehicle occupant protection, and, to a lesser extent, improved infrastructure. 
A conference on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), eCall and road safety was organised by the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks of the Hellenic Republic in cooperation with the European Commission and ERTICO, under the auspices of the Greek Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The conference took place with great success on 25th April, in Athens. More than 200 key stakeholders and decision makers on ITS and road safety discused and contributed with the latest developments in the field with focus on the potential deployment of these techologies in Greece. 
A conference on Road Safety in Europe, organised by TISPOL, will take place on 30 September – 1 October 2014, in Manchester. The conference will focus on the current thinking and developments in road safety and enforcement from across Europe and beyond. 
A paper based on the results of the DaCoTA research project has been awarded the best poster of scientific paper award of the Transport Research Arena Conference.  This paper was presented by NTUA Associate Professor George Yannis and concerned the “Development of the European Road Safety Knowledge System“, published at the Proceedings of the Transport Research Arena Conference, Paris, April 2014. The objective of this paper was the presentation of the integrated and comprehensive European Road Safety Knowledge System, which was developed within the DaCoTA research project of the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission. pdf5ppt5
On 10 April 2014 the UN General Assembly adopted the “Improving global road safety” Resolution sponsored by the Russian Government. Among key decisions, the Resolution welcomes the offer of the Government of Brazil to host the Second Global Ministerial Conference on Road Safety in 2015, encourages the inclusion of road safety in the post-2015 development agenda, invites WHO to continue monitoring progress in the Decade of Action and requests organization of the Third UN Global Road Safety Week in 2015 on children and road safety. It backs calls for road safety to be considered in developing post-2015 global “Sustainable Development Goals” which are key to finance for road safety. pdf5
A Report on Transport for Health was recently published by theWorld Bank and the Institute for health metrics and evaluation. This Report contains data and analysis to quantify the health losses from road deaths and injuries worldwide, as part of the path-finding Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. The Report’s findings highlight the growth in road deaths and injuries globally, and their substantial impacts on maternal and child health, despite sustained reductions over the last three to four decades in high-income countries. This Transport for Health Report further reinforces the call for global action. pdf5  

The Transport Research Arena 2014 (TRA 2014) took place with great success in Paris on 14-17 April 2014. TRA 2014 isthe major conference on transport research in Europe, organised by IFSTTAR, the French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks, supported by the European Commission, the Conference of European Road Directors, and the three European Technology Platforms: the European Road Transport Research Advisory Council (ERTRAC), the European Rail Research Advisory Council (ERRAC), and the Waterborne TP

Almost 3,000 participants from 56 countries attended over 130 sessions, 650 presentations and 15 associated events. Bernard Jacob, IFSTTAR Deputy Scientific Director, stated that researchers and industrial and public policy players had vivid discussions on our society’s changing transport usage and requirements in the face of increasingly serious energy and environmental challenges. Current and future road safety challenges were discussed in several sessions, including the Transport Safety strategic session chaired by NTUA Associate Professor George Yannis.  NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Transport Safety in Europe – a cross modal approach

ppt5 European perspectives for reliable crash modification factors

pdf5 ppt5 Development of the European Road Safety Knowledge System

pdf5 ppt5 Analysis of road safety management systems in Europe

pdf5 ppt5 European Road Safety and e-Safety

pdf5 ppt5 Assessment of road safety legislation, policy and institutional capacity in South-East European regions

pdf5 ppt5 First exploration of the effect of road environment on distracted driving through a driving simulator study

pdf5 ppt5 First findings from a simulator study on driving behaviour of drivers with cerebral diseases

pdf5 ppt5 Attitudes of Greek drivers towards mobile phone use while driving

pdf5 ppt5 Mobility and safety of powered two-wheelers in the OECD countries

A Seminar on the Impact of Distracted Driving and Sleepiness on Road Safety, organised by the International Transport Forum, took place in Paris on 15 April 2014, during the Transport Research Arena Conference. The objectives of the Seminar were to discuss latest research work in ITF countries to better understand the impact of distraction and fatigue on driving performance and road safety and identify measures that can help in the short and longer term in mitigating the effects on crash occurrence. The Seminar involved key stakeholders, including researchers, policy advisors, industry, police, user associations to highlight latest knowledge on these emerging road safety issues, and discuss forthcoming developments in regulation, vehicle and IT technology that have an impact on distraction and fatigue. All presentations are now available.  

The Transnational Road Safety Workshop took place in Budapest, on April 9th, 2014 and was organised by the ROSEE project in the framework of the South East Europe transnational cooperation programme. Representatives from the ROSEE project countries (Italy, Romania, Hungary, Greece, Slovenia, Bulgaria) discussed on the current road safety situation in the South-East European regions, explored the potential for the improvement of the road users’ and the road infrastructure safety and contributed in forming proposals and recommendations for road safety investments. All presentations are available at the ROSEE project website. 

The NTUA presentation concerned the Transnational Report on road safety in South-East Europe, focussing on specific road safety issues related to the policy framework, the road infrastructure and the behaviour of road users in this region. ppt5

The strategic target of the European Commission is to halve road deaths between 2010 and 2020 and also to start focusing EU efforts on reducing serious road traffic injuries. Between 2001 and 2010, the number of fatalities on EU roads was reduced by a total of 43%. However, to achieve the goal, determined and joined-up action is needed from many actors at EU, national and local level.  At EU level, actions in recent years include the following 10 highlights:
The European Commission has published the most recent statistics on road fatalities, based on provisional data for 2013 showing that road fatalities across the EU have decreased by 8% in 2013. This reduction, following the reduction of 9% in 2012, means that Member States are back on track towards the strategic target to reduce the number of road deaths on Europe’s roads by half in 10 years (2011-2020).
Country by country statistics show that the number of road deaths still varies greatly across the EU, from around 30 (Sweden, UK, Denmark and the Netherlands) to more than 80 (Romania, Poland, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria and Greece) deaths per million inhabitants.
In the respective accompanying European Commission Road Safety Vademecum, the basic safety trends, statistics and challenges in the EU 2010-2013 are highlighted. pdf5
The Road Safety Unit of DG MOVE of the European Commission issued the Road Safety Vademecum, in order to provide an overview of the latest road safety data and the main road safety developments in the European Union. It is based on data from the EU road accident database (CARE), presenting the first provisional figures reported for 2013, where available, complemented with the final detailed data for 2012. pdf5

The 35th FISITA Congress, organised by the International Federation of Automotive Engineering Societies (FISITA) and the Royal Institute of Engineers in the Netherlands (KIVI), took place on 2-6 June in Maastricht. 

A special session ‘Towards a Global Strategic Research Agenda for Road Safety‘ was organised by the PROS European research project on the 5th of June.pdf5

The GAMBIT 10th Road Safety Seminar was organised by the University of Gdansk and took place with great success inGdansk on 2-3 April 2014. The topics at the GAMBIT Seminar covered road safety as a research and practical discipline. The specific thematic areas of the 10th GAMBIT edition included:
– Systemic road safety work
– Road safety programming
– Road safety management
– Safety of vulnerable road users
– Safe road infrastructure
– Road safety analyses and models
All GAMBIT Seminar presentations are now available. 
A paper titled ‘Relationship between motorcyclists’ attitudes, behaviour and other attributes with declared accident involvement in Europe‘ co-authored by Athanasios Theofilatos and George Yannis is now published in Traffic Injury Prevention. The objective of this study is to investigate patterns of road safety attitudes and behaviors of motorcyclists in Europe on the basis of the results of the pan-European questionnaire-based survey SARTRE-4, carried out in late 2010 in 18 European countries and Israel. It was found that motorcyclists who tend to have dangerous attitudes and behaviors as well as younger motorcyclists are more likely to have been involved in an accident. The findings of the study provide some insight into the association between attitudes, behaviors, and declared past accident involvement.  doi

EFTHITA Rhodes and the Region of South Aegean organised a workshop celebrating 10 years of actions on road safety, which took place with great success in Rhodes on 27-28 March 2014. Road safety experts and stakeholders contributed and discussed on new challenges for road accidents prevention. Special emphassis was given to traffic education, including an interactive theatrical performance for young children. 

NTUA presentations on Road Safety concerned:

ppt5 Development of the Strategic Plan for the improvement of road safety in Greece, 2011 – 2020

ppt5 Road Safety Education at the Strategic Plan for the improvement of road safety in Greece, 2011 – 2020

The World Health Organisation has launched a new library of road safety campaign videos from around the world. The database can be searched by topic, language and region and is designed to offer inspiration to campaigners planning public awareness efforts on the key road safety topics.  
The International Road Union (IRU) has published new guidelines for safe load securing in road transport. The guidelines aim to provide a guide for safe and effective load securing for all situations that may occur in normal traffic conditions. They should also serve as a common basis for both practical application and enforcement of load securing.
The European Parliament adopted with a clear majority the roadworthiness package, a set of measures to toughen up vehicle checks and to widen their scope. The three directives that constitute the roadworthiness package concern periodic roadworthiness tests, technical roadside inspections for commercial vehicles and vehicle registration documents. The new directives replace existing EU rules setting minimum standards for vehicle checks that date back to 1977, with only minor updates. These new rules aim to avoid more than 36,000 accidents a year linked to technical failure. 

A Road Safety debate on Greece’s Road Safety in a European context was organised by the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), the Road Safety Institute “Panos Mylonas” and the Hellenic Institute of Transport, under the auspices of the Greek EU Presidency, on March 19th, 2014, in Athens. pdf5

This was the 38th Road Safety Performance Index debate (PIN Talk) organised by ETSC since the first PIN talk in Athens on November 2006. The Road Safety Performance Index (PIN) Programme was launched in 2006 aiming to compare country performances in road safety, issuing every year the PIN Annual Report.  More than 100 experts and stakeholders participated in the very interesting discussions on measuring safety performance in Europe and in Greece. 

NTUA Associate Professor George Yannis made a presentation on Monitoring road safety policies and performance.  ppt5

The Road Safety Institute (R.S.I.) “Panos Mylonas” and the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers (H.I.T.E.) co-organize for the seventh consecutive year the Panhellenic Nationwide Road Safety Week with many activities throughout the country. This year the events will take place under the auspices of the Greek Presidency of the Council of the European Union and the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks. Several activities will take place, including the :
– European Day of Courtesy on the Road (March 22nd) campaign on motorways and on the radio. 
– Debate co-organised with the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) on Road Safety Performance Index, titled “Greece’s Road Safety in a European context” (March 19th) 
The Civil Engineering School of the National Technical University of Athens was ranked 28th among all Civil Engineering Schools worldwide and 7th in Europe. This ranking is produced by the QS Organisation based on the following criteria: Research, Teaching, Employability, Facilities, Internationalization, Innovation, Engagement and Access.  NTUA road safety activities have contributed to this ranking.   
The 6th International Expert Symposium on Accident Research (ESAR) took place in Hanover on 20-21 June 2014. ESAR is organised by the Medical School of Hanover, the University of Technology of Dresden and the Federal Highway Research Institute of Germany and it is a scientific colloquium which can be seen as a platform for exchanges of information on accident research issues. Representatives from authorities as well as from medical and technical institutions came together to discuss new research issues and exchange experiences on accident prevention and methodologies of accident reconstruction. The goal of ESAR was to give the opportunity to all kind of studies on Accident Investigation Methodologies, Accident Analysis, Active and Passive Safety, Injury mechanisms and Injury Prevention to an audience of experts from government, industry and other researchers from all parts of the world.   
An International Seminar on Transport Safety Performance Indicators, organised by the Road Traffic Safety Agency of Serbia, with the support of the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), the Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering of the Belgrade University and the Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, took place in Belgrade on 6 March 2014.  
Transport safety performance indicators constitute a great management tool in the hands of decision makers in order to monitor efforts and progress in the field of road traffic safety. The RTSA of Serbia has launched a comprehensice programme of measuring road safety performance in Serbia, which was presented at this international seminar, attended by more than 100 national and international road safety decision makers, stakeholders and experts.
All presenations are available. pdf5
NTUA road safety presentation concerned: ‘An application of a road network safety performance indicator’ pdf5 ppt5

The 3rd European Motorcyclists’ Forum was organised by the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA) in cooperation with the Motorcycle Industry in Europe (ACEM), hosted by MEP Bernd Lange and took place with great success in the European Parliament in Brussels on 5-6 March 2014. This year’s Forum focused on the question “ITS : Can powered two wheelers benefit from new technologies deployment?” in the context of Horizons 2020 EU research and innovation programme. 

The current state-of-the-art of ITS for transport has not undergone any specific impact assessment with regard to positive or negative consequences for the specific mode of transport on powered two wheels (PTWs). Powered two wheelers, as vulnerable road users, need to be carefully integrated into ITS innovation and deployment policies to guarantee that they also “benefit” from new technologies. All presentations are available at the website of the Forum , together with the respective Forum Memorandum.pdf5

The International Road Federation (IRF) released recently the 50th Anniversary Edition of the World Road Statistics (WRS). IRF and Patron Sponsor Michelin produced this special 50th Anniversary Edition of the WRS which includes 12 years of data, providing a comprehensive statistical picture of international road and land transport from the start of the millennium. This report is a source of strategic data on road networks, traffic and inland transport. It contains trends in subject areas like road safety, traffic volumes and vehicle usage and can be used as a benchmark for the performance in key indicators like road expenditure, energy consumption and emissions. 
The Road Safety Unit of DG Move of the European Commission is constantly updating its statistics website, with rich and easy to consult information on the latest trends on road safety in the European Union. Visitors of this website can find updated trends of road fatalities, several detailed road safety maps with specialinteractive tools, charts and figures, as well as several comprehensive basic fact sheets with data on key road safety issues. These data are easily available and very useful for all road safety decision makers and other stakeholders in Europe.    
The Motorcycle Industry in Europe (ACEM) has just released data on power-two-wheelers (PTW) deliveries and registrations, circulating park, production and best sold models in a panel of European countries (data available as of January 2013). These tables and figures highlight the significant decrease in new PTW vehicles in most European countries since the beginning of the economic crisis. pdf5
A paper titled ‘Assessment of exposure proxies for macroscopic road safety prediction‘ co-authored by Costas Antoniou and George Yannis is now published in Transportation Research Record. The objective of this research is to investigate the suitability of alternative proxy variables for macroscopic road safety modeling, using three suitable exposure proxies: (i) number of vehicles in circulation, (ii) GDP and (iii) fuel consumption. Severalstructural time-series models have been developed for each proxy for two Mediterranean countries with many similar socio-economic characteristics: Greece and Cyprus. Based on the findings of this analysis, a number of observations can be drawn. Proxy variables can provide reasonable results, when exposure data are not available. Furthermore, even in two countries with many similarities the selected proxy measure differs. This suggests that the underlying conditions that make a variable a suitable proxy for exposure is complex and needs further investigation.  doi
The RIDERSCAN project is a EU co-funded project, coordinated by the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), aiming to gather existing information on motorcycle safety in Europe, to identify needs for action and to create a crossborder knowledge-based network.  NTUA contributes to the various actions of the RIDERSCAN project as an activity partner. RIDERSCAN launched the 3rd and last survey targeting European motorcyclists. With the objective to draw a European map of rider awareness and acceptance of new technologies applied to the transport systems, the survey is asking riders to evaluate willingness to test, use, and buy systems, which are, for a wide majority of them, far from being introduced in the market. Motorcycle riders and stakeholders are invited to fill in this on-line survey, (in less than 15 minutes), available in several European languages: English  and Greek .  
An event on “Child and Road Safety” is organised by the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks under the Greek Presidency, which will take place on 5 March 2014, in Athens, at the Ministry Auditorium, on the occasion of the official release of children’s road safety educational book ‘My friend the bike’ and children’s song ‘Mind-Warning’. pdf5  
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has launched a new tool to support development of strong road safety campaigns. This new resource for Governments and civil society organizations, is a part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Programme. The library, which contains some of the world’s most impactful road safety video and audio campaigns, is intended as inspiration for those planning to produce their own campaigns by offering a range of creative ideas and concepts. The library is searchable by topic (drinking and driving, motorcycle helmets, and seat-belts, language, etc) or WHO region (currently includes around 60 campaigns). 
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Comparative analysis of young drivers’ behaviour in normal and simulated conditions in interurban road‘ was presented by Marios Nikas in January 2014. This Diploma Thesis aims to compare the behavior of young drivers in normal and simulated driving conditions. Data were collected through an experimental process on a driving simulator but also on real traffic conditions, in which all the participants drove in both cases the same driving scenarios. Lognormal regression methods were developed for the identification of the impact of driving environment (simulated and real traffic conditions), basic driver characteristics (mileage, age, gender), as well as the driving style (average acceleration, deceleration and standard deviations of them) to the average vehicle speed change. Through model implementation, it was revealed that absolute values of drivers’ traffic performance vary between simulated and real driving conditions. On the contrary, relative differences of driver behaviour at the two driving environments remain mostly the same. More precisely, speed difference between fast and slow drivers is the same at the two driving environments, as is also speed difference the same at the two driving environments between drivers talking and not talking to the co-driver. pdf5 ppt5
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Critical Factors of motorcycle accidents in Greece‘ was presented by Evita Alevizou in January 2014. For this thesis, appropriately processed data were used from the database of the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) and loglinear  regression models were developed. The application of these models led to the investigation of the influence of several parameters, such as region type, age, lighting, accident type etc on the number of fatalities and injuries. It appears that the number of vehicles involved in the accident is the most important factor of the fatalities model, while the accident type affects more the serious and slight injuries. This influence is greater on motorcycles than passenger cars. pdf5 ppt5
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Comparative analysis of factors affecting driving under the influence of alcohol of car drivers and motorcyclists‘ was presented by Dimitra Arvaniti in January 2014. The aim of this diploma thesis is to examine the factors affecting driving under the influence of alcohol of car drivers and motorcycles. To achieve this goal, the responses of a representative sample of Greek drivers of cars and motorcycles are examined from thepan-European research SARTRE 4 and are analyzed by the development of logistic regression models. The application of the models revealed that the factors affecting driving under the influence of alcohol are six for car drivers and seven for motorcyclists, four of which are common. The common parameters are: age, their opinion on whether most of their friends would be driving under the influence of alcohol, their opinion on whether a person is capable of driving carefully in case of consumption alcohol and their education level. Additional factors for car drivers are their view on the legal limit of alcohol consumption and their gender, and for motorcyclists it is their view on how dangerous driving under the influence of drugs is. pdf5 ppt5
A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Investigation of the impact on road safety of increasing the speed limit on motorways‘ was presented by Eleni Georgiadou in January 2014. The objective of this Diploma Thesis is to investigate the impact on road safety of increasing the speed limit on motorways from 120 to 130 km/h in June 2007. In order to achieve this objective, data was collected concerning road accidents on motorway sections Athens – Thebes and Athens – Tripoli from the database of Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the N.T.U.A. with data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority and on sections of the Egnatia Motorway from Egnatia Odos S.A. for the period 2005 – 2010. The application of the methodology indicates a statistically significant increase in the number of deaths in the section Athens – Thebes a year after raising the speed limit, possibly due to the increase of the speed limit, and then ceases to be statistically significant, probably due to improvements made to the infrastructure. In the section Athens – Tripoli a reduction in accidents and victims is indicated probably due to improvements in the infrastructure while in the Egnatia Motorway there is no statistically significant change possibly due to the high geometrical characteristics of the road which might satisfy the higher speed limit. pdf5 ppt5
The International Transport Forum’s Cycling Safety Working Group has recently released a Research Report on Cycling, Health and Safety. This report monitors international trends in cycling, safety and policy, and explores options that may help decision makers design safe environments for cycling. Key messages relate tostrategic goal-setting for cycling policy and managing crash risks while increasing health benefits. The report also discusses how to better capture crash and bicycle usage statistics. The safety impacts of a wide range of pro-cycling measures are examined in detail. 
NTUA Assistant Professor Constantinos Antoniou and Associate Professor George Yannis have been awarded with the annual outstanding paper award of the Transportation Research Board Committee ANB20 (Safety Data, Analysis and Evaluation) 2013. The paper awarded concerned the “Assessment of exposure proxies for macroscopic road safety prediction“, published at the Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, January 2013. The objective of this research was to investigate alternative proxy variables (vehicle fleet, GDP, fuel consumption) in macroscopic structural road safety time-series modelling. 

The Transportation Research Board (TRB) 93rd Annual Meeting was held in Washington, D.C., in January 2014, with more than 5.500 presentations in more than 800 scientific sessions and workshops and more than 12.000 transportation experts and stakeholders. The spotlight theme for the 2014 TRB Annual Meeting is Celebrating Our Legacy, Anticipating Our Future.

NTUA road safety presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Results from a driving simulator study on performance of drivers with cerebral diseases in rural roads

pdf5 ppt5 Sign recall in a fixed-base simulator as a measure of fitness-to-drive

ppt5 European Road Safety Forecasts

ppt5 Relationship between road safety and economic indicators

The European Commission is stepping up its support to towns and cities in the new “Urban Mobility Package”. The European Commission will reinforce the exchange of best practice, with the communication as central element of the urban mobility package: “Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility“.
One of the four basic priorities of the Urban Mobility Package is to enhance urban road safety and protect in particular the vulnerable users from death and serious injury. The European Commission will continue to gather and disseminate good practice examples for road safety planning and consider further measures for reducing the number of serious road traffic injuries in urban areas. Member States should ensure that sustainable urban mobility plans give due consideration to urban road safety as a horizontal issue.
ETSC has recently published the Memorandum to the Greek Presidency of the Council of the European Union titled ‘Road safety priorities for the EU in 2014’. In this Memorandum, ETSC outlines its recommendations on the key EU road safety policy dossiers to be steered by the Greek presidency of the European Union in the first half of 2014. These include securing agreements on EU legislation on automated in-vehicle emergency calling (eCall) and safer lorry design. The main recent and forthcoming policy initiatives from the European Commission including progress on in-vehicle safety technologies such as Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) for professional vehicles and alcohol interlocks for certain vehicle and driver categories, are also included, with recommendations for maximising the results for road safety. The final part of this Memorandum focuses on Greece’s own track record on road safety with recommendations for improvement. pdf5
The Directorate General for Mobility and Transport (DG Move) of the European Commission released the Statistical Pocketbook 2013 ‘EU Transport in figures‘. In this Statistical Pocketbook, key road safety Tables are contained, together with several other Tables on transport statistics, providing a complete picture of current trends in transport in Europe. Data on road fatalities for the EU member states and associate countries allow for time series comparisons and country rankings. pdf5
The European Union Road Federation (ERF) has launched a Position Paper that makes the case for a more widespread use of road markings on Europe’s roads as a means of increasing road safety and reducing the socio-economic impact of accidents. Road markings are one of the most cost-effective safety solutions that are available to policymakers and road owners. They provide drivers with much needed guidance on the road, allow for better preview time and can significantly help avert the risks of run-off accidents and head-collisions. This paper is calling on Member States to establish intervention and maintenance policies to guarantee that road markings on Europe’s road remain visible for first and foremost for road users and at same time, optimise the interaction between the road infrastructure and the intelligent car. pdf5
The Road Safety Institute (R.S.I.) “Panos Mylonas” created a pleasant area in the city center of Athens (Stoa Bibliou, 5 Pesmazoglou Str.), in order to better inform citizens on road safety issues. The Road Safety Information Center (R.S.IC.) was established thanks to the support of Philekpaideutiki Etaireia (Society for the Promotion of Education and Learning) and the Safer Roads Foundation, while the referral Centers for Road Safety (NEST’s) have been developed through the EU funded AVENUE project. 
The European Road Safety Observatory (ERSO) of the European Commission as developed by the EC co-funded research projectsSafetyNet and Dacota has been awarded the prestigious Prince Michael International Road Safety Award 2013 as recognition for its contribution to making widely available for the first time in Europe a wealth of road safety data and knowledge to support evidence based decision making. Since its opening in 2006, ERSO has attracted millions of visitors seeking the most recent and appropriate data and knowledge covering a wide range of road safety contemporary issues. NTUA participated actively at all phases of the development of the European Road Safety Observatory. 
A paper titled ‘Detecting Powered-Two-Wheeler Incidents from High Resolution Naturalistic Data‘ co-authored by Eleni Vlahogianni, George Yannis and John Golias is now published in Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. During risky conditions, Powered-Two-Wheeler (PTW) drivers often alter their behavior from a regular driving pattern to an irregular chain of driving actions by braking, changing the throttle pressure, maneuvering and so on, or combinations of the above. However, both the actual and perceived thresholds of regular and irregular driving behavior differ among PTW drivers. A simple and flexible methodology is proposed in order to define PTW driving profiles by distinguishing between regular and irregular PTW driving behaviors using high resolution naturalistic data. “Irregularities” in driving behavior are consistently expressed as outlying values in the dataset of driving parameters. The detected irregularities are those that diverge from the centroid of the jointly considered driving parameters. These irregularities may be considered to define critical driving situations (incidents) that are further associated to typical driving events. Results indicate that the joint consideration ofvariables which are directly connected to the mechanical characteristics of PTW, such as front and rear brake activation, wheel speed, throttle and steering, are adequate to distinguish the regular from irregular PTW driving behavior.  doi
Global Road Safety Partnership launched its new publication “Advocating for Road Safety: A Guidance Manual for National Societies“. The purpose of this document is to guide Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies through the process of planning and implementing a road safety advocacy initiative. The document outlines the role advocacy plays in improving road safety, and highlights the added value of Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies’ involvement in road safety advocacy. Moreover, it defines the steps required to design and implement an advocacy initiativearound a road safety issue and provides examples, resources and tools to support National Societies throughout the design process. 
The Hellenic Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks, as a part of the effort to reduce road accidents in Greece, emerges as a top priority the Road Safety Education Development. Particular emphasis is given on informing and educating children about road safety and traffic behaviour and prepare them to become responsible future drivers. For this reason, a series of electronic traffic education books for students of Primary and Secondary Schools, prepared by CERTH/HIT and with the contribution of NTUA, are now availble online. 
A paper titled ‘Effect of GDP changes on road traffic fatalities‘ co-authored by George Yannis, Eleonora Papadimitriou and Katerina Folla is now published in the Journal of Safety Science. This research aims to associate annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) changes with the related annual changes in road traffic mortality rates. Mortality rates and GDP per capita data for the period 1975–2011 are used from 27 European countries, for the development of mixed linear models. The results suggest that an annual increase of GDP per capita leads to an annual increase of mortality rates, whereas an annual decrease of GDP per capita leads to an annual decrease of mortality rates. These effects are statistically significant overall, and in different groups of countries (Northern/Western, Central/Eastern and Southern). A one-year lagged effect of annual GDP decrease was found to be significant in Northern/Western countries.  doi

A Workshop on Education and Road Safety was organised by the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers in Athens on 27 November 2013. Several aspects and initiatives of road safety education were highlighted with the the active participation of road safety decision makers, experts and practicioners from Greece. 

All the workshop presentations are now available. 

NTUA Research Associate Dr. Sophia Vardaki presented the education at the national road safety strategic plan. ppt5

The 15th European Transport Safety Lecture was organised by the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) together with its three founding members – the German Road Safety Council, the Dutch Safety Board and the British Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety and took place with great success on November 21st, 2013 in Berlin. Prof. Dietmar Otte from the Medical University of Hannover gave the Lecture on Road Safety: Reliable Data – Effective Policies, having attracted a large audience of more than 150 national and international road safety practitioners, technical specialists and decision makers. Response to the Lecture was given by European Commission Head of Road Safety Unit Mr. Szabolcs Schmidt and TU Delft Professor Fred Wegman. At the lecture and the vivid discussion followed there was focus to the need forreliable and accurate data to be placed at the core of road safety policies, serving to identify problems, risk factors, and priority areas as well as to formulate strategies, setting targets and monitor performance. 

This ETSC Lecture coincided with the celebration of 20 years of ETSC. On the occasion, ETSC Chairman Herman De Croo stated that “ETSC has marked 20 years of concerted advocacy efforts on road safety throughout Europe, acting as an established source of independent and impartial advice to policy and decision-makers in Europe”. pdf5

The Road Safety Month in Crete with message “I ‘m careful and I get winner on the road” took place in Crete from 8 to 18 November 2013 and was organised by the four Chambers of Crete together with the Region of Crete, the Municipalities of Herakleon, Chania, Rethimno and Agios Nikolaos, and the participation of the Hellenic Transport Chambers Association and the Road Safety Institute Panos Mylonas. These events were aiming to increase road safety awareness of local communities, given that road accident causes are known and can be prevented. Several activities took place with a large participation of the Crete communities. NTUA contributed with specialised presentations from the ROSEE project on key road safety issues in the four Workshops organised in Herakleon, Agios Nikolaos, Rethimno and Chania. More specifically, NTUA presentation concerned: ppt5Road safety of vulnerable road users
ppt5Road safety enforcement
ppt5Speed Management
The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims is observed on the third Sunday of November each year (this year on 17 November 2013) by an increasing number of countries on every continent around the world. This day adopted by the UN in 2005, is dedicated to remembering the many millions killed or injured in road crashes and their families and communities, as well as to pay tribute to the dedicated emergency crews, police and medical professionals who daily deal with the traumatic aftermath of road death and injury. In Greece this year, Efthita Rhodes and SOS Traffic Crimes, members of FEVR (European Federation of Road Traffic Victims) and the Global Alliance of NGOs for Road Safety, organised a series of events to commemorate this day, including the promotion of the special video translated in several languages.   video

The 20th Forum for Road Safety ‘Reducing victims of road accidents in urban areas’, organised by RACC, P(A)T and Generalitat de Catalunya took place with the participation of more than 200 road safety experts, decision makers and stakeholders, in Barcelona on 14 November 2013. The conference focused on a range of preventive, and corrective techniques applied to the management of public space, especially in the locations in which more accident and fatalities occur as well on the safety of vulnerable road users.  Urban Authorities presented and discussed the complexity of implementing measures addressing and balancing safety concerns of the various different vulnerable road users.  

NTUA Professor George Yannis made a key note presentation on Current trends in Urban Road Safety in Europe ppt5

The International Conference on Better safety data for better road safety outcomes, co-organised by the International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Iberoamerican  Road Safety Observatory (OISEVI) took place with great success in Buenos Aires on 13-14 November 2013. More than 350 road safety experts, decision makers and stakeholders from more than 40 countries participated in the discussions focussing on various aspects of data improvement and quality as the best ally in the development of road safety strategies, as well as of data analysis in IRTAD, OISEVI and other countries.

More than 40 presentations covered all aspects of traffic safety data and their role in road safety policy, including safety indicators, spatial analysis, data quality, simulation tools, politics and health data crossing, capacity development, safety management, safety tendencies and data usage. 

NTUA presentation concerned: ‘Improving fatalities forecasting in times of recession through the use of panel time series models’. ppt5

The 8th annual International Conference on Safe Transport Infrastructure, organised by AF CityPlan took place in Prague on 11-12 November 2013, with the partidcipation of more than 120 road safety experts and stakeholders. In the conference several critical road safety issues found in the European Countries were presented as well as comparisons of the road safety performance of the Czech Republic with those of the 28 countries of the European Union.  NTUA presentation concerned: ‘ROSEE – A road safety initiative to improve infrastructure and behaviour in South East Europe’ppt5

An international conference on “Engaging Stakeholders towards Road Safety”, organised by ROSEE and SENSOR projects in the framework of the South East Europe transnational cooperation programme, was held on November 7th, 2013 in Ljubljana. This Conference brought together the most important stakeholders, experts and public authorities from the South-Eastern Europe region who are engaged in road safety. The aim of the conference was to promote road safety in South East European roads through standardised safety assessment of the road infrastructure, proposals for road safety investments, comparative evaluation of safety performance and user behaviour in SEE countries and the active promotion of safer road user behaviours. 

NTUA presentations concerned:
The European Road Safety Charter is a participatory road safety platform of businesses, associations, research institutions and public authorities. Signatories perform actions and share good practice in order to solve road safety problems that they encounter in their everyday environments and cut road deaths. The new Charter should maintain civil society’s commitment and ensure pan-European coverage, while addressing vulnerable road users such as children and young people. The new edition aims to simplify the commitment process and operates based on a membership concept under the slogan ‘Together we are road safety’. 
The Cross-Border Enforcement Directive (2011/82/EU) of the European Commission, is now in force since November 7th, 2013. This Directive enables that EU drivers are identified and thus prosecuted for offences committed in a Member State other than the one where their vehicle is registered. EU Member States will exchange information on drivers who commit traffic offences abroad, including the four “big killers” that cause 75% of road fatalities – speeding, running traffic lights, failure to use seatbelts and drink driving. This information exchange will ensure that foreign offenders can be pursued and punished across borders. The Directive targets traffic offences with a critical impact on road safety, namely:
– Speeding or failing to stop at traffic lights,
– Driving under the influence alcohol or drugs,
– Failing to wear a seatbelt or a safety helmet (for motorcyclists),
– Illegal use of mobile phone while driving or of an emergency lane. pdf5
The PIN Annual Conference, organised by the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), will take place in Brussels on 18 June 2014. Key road safety policymakers are invited to discuss national road safety policy, targets and strategies and to help create political leadership. National decision-makers are confronted with both the successes and shortcomings of their road safety policy. During that event ETSC publishes the results of the Annual Report and awards the PIN Award to a high level policymaker responsible for the country’s outstanding progress in road safety.  
A paper titled ‘Exposure data and risk indicators for safety performance assessment in Europe‘ co-authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou, George Yannis, Frits Bijleveld and João Cardoso is now published in the Journal of Accident Analysis and Prevention. The objective of this paper is theanalysis of the state-of-the-art in risk indicators and exposure data for safety performance assessment in Europe, in terms of data availability, collection methodologies and use. More specifically, the concepts of exposure and risk are explored, as well as the theoretical properties of various exposure measures used in road safety research (e.g. vehicle- and person-kilometres of travel, vehicle fleet, road length, driver population, time spent in traffic, etc.). Moreover, the existing methods for collecting disaggregate exposure data for risk estimates at national level are presented and assessed, including survey methods (e.g. travel surveys, traffic counts) and databases (e.g. national registers). A detailed analysis of the availability and quality of existing risk exposure data is also carried out. Finally, the potential of international risk comparisons is investigated, mainly through the International Data Files with exposure data (e.g. Eurostat, IRTAD, ECMT, UNECE, IRF, etc.). The results of this review confirm that comparing risk rates at international level may be a complex task, as the availability and quality of exposure estimates in European countries varies significantly. The lack of a common framework for the collection and exploitation of exposure data limits significantly the comparability of the national data. On the other hand, the International Data Files containing exposure data provide useful statistics and estimates in a systematic way and are currently the only sources allowing international comparisons of road safety performance under certain conditions.  doi
The 4th Edition of the Road Safety and Simulation 2013 (RSS 2013) Conference was organised by the University of Roma Tre and took place in Rome on 23-25 October 2013, with the participation of more than 250 scientistists from more than 45 countries. Special emphasis was put on driving simulationand how this tool can improve roadway design and the study of emerging technologies that take into consideration human factors as well and their effects on safety. 
NTUA Associate Professor Matthew Karlaftis in a key note speech highlighted the “Conflicting Objectives and Modeling Implications in Road Safety Data Analysis”. ppt5
NTUA presentations concerned:
pdf5 ppt5 Factors Influencing Freeway Traffic Upstream of an Incident
pdf5 ppt5 Identification of safety hazards on existing road network regarding road Geometric Design: Implementation in Greece
pdf5 ppt5 Analytical Method For Three-Dimensional Stopping Sight Distance Adequacy Investigation
pdf5 ppt5 Road Safety Audit: A comparative Review of Current Guidelines and 1 Designers’ Approach

The 8th International Congress on Vascular Dementia & The First Cognitive Impairment European Meeting, took place in Athens on 17-20 October 2013. The Congress was showcased new developments in the study of dementia. The goal of the Congress was to facilitate a fruitful exchange of knowledge and information between leading clinicians and researchers in the field of vascular dementia. 

A special session of this Conference focussed on the ability to drive in mild cognitive impairment and dementia, with four presentations:

ppt5 Assessing Driving Ability in the elderly: methodological issues

ppt5 Assessing cognition in elderly drivers

ppt5 Behavioral modifications in the elderly and driving

ppt5 Mild Cognitive Impairment, Dementia and Driving: Concluding remarks

Hellenic Institute of Transport and the Hellenic Institute of Transportation Engineers took place in Thessaloniki, Greece on 17-18 October, 2013, with the participation of more than 200 transport scientists and stakeholders from Greece and abroad.  The main objectives of the Congress were to present recent research results in the field of transport and to examine the current developments and to exchange knowledge and experiences on the transport research at national and international level, with special focus on energy, environment and economy parameters in transport. 

NTUA road safety presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Attitudes and behaviour of European drivers and other road users towards Road Safety

pdf5 ppt5 Effect of GDP Change on Road Accidents

pdf5 ppt5 Investigation of factors affecting helmet use among European motorcyclists

A symposium on “Powered Two Wheelers” organized by IFSTTAR, took place on 15-16 October 2013 in Lyon-Bron. This symposium was an opportunity to present to the scientific community recent research on the powered two wheelers road safety in France, in Europe and worldwide. 

NTUA presentation concerned “Implementation of the SUNflower Methodology for the analysis of Powered Two-Wheelers Road Safety In Greece“. pdf5 ppt5

 
A paper titled ‘Multilevel analysis in road safety research‘ co-authored by Emmanuelle Dupont, Eleonora Papadimitriou, Heike Martensen and George Yannis is now published in the Journal of Accident Analysis and Prevention. This paper summarizes the statistical and conceptual background and motivations for multilevel analyses in road safety research. It then provides a review of several ML analyses applied to aggregate and disaggregate (accident) data. In each case, the relevance of ML modelling techniques is assessed by examining whether ML model formulations (i) allow improving the fit of the model to the data, (ii) allow identifying and explaining random variation at specific levels of the hierarchy considered, and (iii) yield different (more correct) conclusions than single-level model formulations with respect to the significance of the parameter estimates. The evidence reviewed offers different conclusions depending on whether the analysis concerns aggregate data or disaggregate data. In the first case, the application of ML analysis techniques appears straightforward and relevant. The studies based on disaggregate accident data, on the other hand, offer mixed findings: computational problems can be encountered, and ML applications are not systematically necessary. The general recommendation concerning disaggregate accident data is to proceed to a preliminary investigation of the necessity of ML analyses and of the additional information to be expected from their application.  doi
A new book on Green Urban Mobility  has been presented on September 26th, 2013 in Athens, highlighting theEuropean approach on current policies for sustainable urban mobility. This book was edited by urban planner Stavros Tsetsis and was presented by the European Parliament Deputies Daniel Cohn Bendit and Marietta Giannakou. NTUA Associate Professor George Yannis has contributed a chapter on transportation choices in the modern city, highlighting not only the fundamental road safety choices of the modern city but also the need for integrating road safety choices in the urban mobility plans.  pdf5

The XXI World Congress of Neurology, organised by the World Federation of Neurology, took place in Vienna on 21-26 September 2013. 

NTUA presentation concerned “The impact of neurological condition on driver distraction in a driving simulator experiment: Preliminary findings” ppt5

Roads Kill” is a Pulitzer Center initiative that draws on its extensive global network of journalists in almost every corner of the world to raise the visibility of this growing public health crisis. The centerpiece of this flexible and fully embeddable digital platform, is an interactive map by clicking on a country one can access an assortment of road safety data, ranging from trend lines on highway fatalities to statistics on the types of vehicles most likely to be involved in fatal crashes. Moreover, there is the option to rove across the map and access an ever-expanding roster of full reports and brief “roads facts” from around the world. 
A conference on ‘Improving road safety – Solutions that work’, organised by TISPOL took place in Manchester on 1-3 October 2013. At the conference, the current thinking and developments in road safety and enforcement from across Europe and beyond were discussed. 

The 3rd International Conference on Driver Distraction and Inattention organised by the SAFER – Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre of the Chalmers University took place in Gothenburg on 4-6 September 2013, having brought together more than 150 Experts and stakeholders from more than 20 countries. 

Driver Distraction and Inattention Conference 2013 brought into the spotlight relevant developments in research from mainstream and neighbouring disciplines, and showcased new and emerging technologies, products and countermeasures. All papers, abstracts and presentations are now available.

NTUA presentations concerned:

pdf5 ppt5 Effects of cerebral diseases on driver distraction

pdf5 ppt5 Impact of Texting on Young Drivers’ Behaviour and Safety on Motorways by the Use of a Driving Simulator

pdf5 ppt5 Impact of Mobile Phone Use and Music on Driver Behaviour and Safety by the Use of a Driving Simulator

A Workshop on Naturalistic Cycling Analysis organised by SAFER and Chalmers University of Technology, took place on 3rd of September in Gothenburg. The aim of this workshop was to discuss the potential of naturalistic cycling analysis to improve traffic safety. The workshop comprises of two parts: In the first part, current naturalistic cycling studies were presented, while in the second, different research questions were discussed and prioritized to suggest how naturalistic cycling analyses may tackle bicycle safety issues, such as single-bicycle accidents and conflicts at intersections.  
SWOV Senior Researcher Henk Stipdonk defended recently his PhD Thesis at Delft University of Technology, exploiting also findings from the EC co-funded research projects SafetyNet and Dacota. This Thesis, titled ‘Road safety bits and pieces: for a better understanding of the development of the number of road fatalities‘, focuses on the subdivision (stratification) of the crash data and the data of distance travelled. Different subgroups with different risks (like different travel modes, different age groups and combinations of both) are modelled separately. It is shown that these groups often have different risks and different trends in distance travelled. These different subgroups – the ‘bits’ and ‘pieces’ – and their different developments can give rise to a substantial change in the total risk – the ‘road safety’. It is concluded that the present manner of analyzing road safety developments – i.e. based on the total number of road fatalities and the total fatality rate – is insufficient to achieve a thorough understanding of these developments. It is better to divide the total number of road fatalities into subgroups and to investigate for each individual subgroup which factors influenced road safety. pdf5
The European Commission has launched a new special section at the DG Move road safety website containg a comprehensive inventory of the traffic rules in force in the various EU countries aiming to assist those travelling abroad. This section provides on overview of the most important traffic rules applied by category and by EU country. The user can choose the country of their preference and get informed on the speed limits, seat belt use, alcohol limits and other road safety data of the specific country. 
The Association of European Police Forces (TISPOL) has recently launched a new section on their website, providing the users with country driving guides. TISPOL’s guides provide clear and easy to follow information to answer the most frequently asked questions by visiting drivers. Recent changes in legislation are highlighted and tips on what to do in the event of a breakdown or accident are provided. 
A paper titled ‘Is road safety management linked to road safety performance?‘ co-authored by Eleonora Papadimitriou and George Yannis is now published in the Journal of Accident Analysis and Prevention. Quasi-Poisson models and Beta regression models are developed for linking road safety management indicators (estimated on the basis of Categorical Principal Component Analysis ) and other indicators (i.e. background characteristics, etc.) with road safety performance (mortality and fatality rates, SPIs, composite indicators, etc.). The results of the analyses suggest that road safety management can be described on the basis of three composite indicators: “vision and strategy”, “budget, evaluation and reporting”, and “measurement of road user attitudes and behaviours”. More-over, no direct statistical relationship could be established between road safety management indicators and final outcomes. However, a statistical relationship was found between road safety management and SPIs, which were in turn found to affect ‘final’ outcomes, confirming the SUNflower approach on the consecutive effect of each layer.  doi
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) are working hard to raise awareness of the dangers to pedestrians, and to provide leadership, expertise, and resources to communities across America to combat these crashes. Everyone has different preferences when it comes to transportation, but there’s one that all road users share – everyone is a pedestrian. ‘Everyone is a pedestrian’ initiative urges parents, caregivers, educators, traffic safety officials, and advocates to make the most of pedestrian safety resources to improve the quality of life in their communities.   
The good practice manual, titled Strengthening road safety legislation: a practice and resource manual for countries is now published by World Health Organisation. Comprehensive road safety legislation – which incorporates evidence-based measures and strict and appropriate penalties, backed by consistent, sustained enforcement and public education – has been proven to reduce road traffic injuries and fatalities. This manual describes methods and provides resources that practitioners and decision-makers can use for enacting new laws or amending existing ones as part of a comprehensive road safety strategy, it recommends a stepwise approach to assessing and improving legislation relating to five specific risk factors for road-traffic injuries, as well as post-crash care. 
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has released his recommendations for the Post-2015 development agenda which include road safety among key public health actions. Globally, road injury has become a severe health burden for young people – and particularly for young men. It is the number one cause of death for young people aged 15-29 and the second biggest killer of men aged 30-40 after HIV/AIDS. 

The 1st Meeting of the Transnational Working Group for road safety in South East Europe took place in Athens, on 4 July 2013 organised by the ROSEE project in the framework of the South East Europe transnational cooperation programme. Representatives from the ROSEE project countries (Italy, Romania, Hungary, Greece, Slovenia, Bulgaria) discussed onkey road safety issues in this European region and attempted to create synergies and cross fertilization across the South East Europe in the quest for fewer road accidents and casualties. All presentations are available at the ROSEE project website.

The NTUA presentation concerned a broad overview of road safety in Greece with focus on specific road safety issues related to the policy framework, the road infrastructure and the road user behaviour, as highlighted at the respective National Advisory Group.ppt5

The Austrian Traffic Safety Board (KFV) organised the International Congress: Mobility and Road Safety in an Ageing Society, which took place in 19-20 June, in Vienna. The Congress focused on future aspects and solutions of mobility and transport versus safety and quality of life in the context of an ageing society and it brought together a wide spectrum of more than 200 safety and mobility experts to discuss all aspects of this contemprorary issue of growing importance. The Abstract book together with all the presentations are available at the Conference website.
NTUA presentations concerned:
ETSC has launched the PIN Annual Report at the PIN Annual Conference, which took place in Brussels on Monday 17th of June 2013. There have been 2,661 fewer road deaths in 2012 than in 2011 in the EU as a whole. Out of the 31 countries monitored by the PIN Programme, 27 registered a drop in the number of road deaths in 2012 compared to 2011. Frontrunners are Malta and Cyprus followed by Israel and Denmark, but road deaths increased in Switzerland, Luxembourg, Lithuania and Romania. Greece, the UK and Slovakia achieved better than EU average reductions. The 2013 PIN Award was presented to Denmark for its outstanding efforts to improve road safety. For the EU to be reaching the 2020 target through constant annual progress, another 600 deaths would have had to be saved over the 2011- 2012 period.pdf5
ETSC published recently a PIN Flash concerning the rate of collisions between men and women. Just under 30.400 people were killed in 2011 in the EU27 in road collisions, approximately 7.200 females and 23.200 males. Females account for 51% of the total EU population but only 24% of road deaths. This percentage has changed by only one percentage point since 2001, but the reduction in female deaths since then has been four percentage points greater than the reduction in male deaths. Males account for 76% of people killed on the roads in the EU in 2011. Males have more than three times the death rate of females on the roads in the EU. pdf5

The International Conference ‘Living and Walking in Cities’, organised by the Università degli Studi di Brescia and the Friendly City Study Center (CeSCAm) took place on 13-14 June in Brescia, with the participation of more than 100 experts in the fields. Twenty years after the first Road Safety Forum, held in Brescia in June 1993, the Conference came back to the issues relating to the vulnerable users’ road safety. CeSCAm Director, Professor Roberto Busi stated that there is an urgent need to incorporate mobility and safety needs of walking and cycling in the continuous urban planning processpdf5

NTUA Professor George Yannis presented the “State of the Art on Road Safety“, highlighting basic facts on urban road safety, the needs for road safety knowledge, the key road safety research priorities and the fundamental urban road safety choices to be made by citizens and Authorities in the European cities. ppt5

The European Council has adopted new rules to toughen up the testing regime and widen its scope. More than 5 people die on Europe’s roads every day in accidents linked to technical failures, which are responsible for 6% of all car accidents and 8% of all motorcycle accident. The new proposals aim to save more than 1.200 lives a year and to avoid more than 36.000 accidents linked to technical failure. Key elements of the new proposals include:
– Compulsory EU wide testing for scooters and motorbikes,
– Motorbike and scooter riders, particularly young riders, are the highest risk group of road users,
– Increasing the frequency of periodic roadworthiness tests for old vehicles,
– Increasing the frequency of tests for cars and vans with exceptionally high mileage,
– Improving the quality of vehicle tests,
– Making electronic safety components subject to mandatory testing,
-Clamping down on mileage fraud, with registered mileage readings.  
The European Commission adopted two proposals to help mitigate the consequences of serious road accidents across the EU. By October 2015, cars will automatically call emergency services in case of a serious crash. The “eCall” system automatically dials 112 – Europe’s single emergency number – in the event of a serious accident. It communicates the vehicle’s location to emergency services, even if the driver is unconscious or unable to make a phone call. It is estimated that it could save up to 2.500 lives a year (MEMO/13/547). 
The Twenty-third Meeting of the European Neurological Society, organised by the Spanish Society of Neurology, took place on 8-11 June in Barcelona.   NTUA presentation concerned “Neuropsychological parameters associated with driver distraction in a driving simulator experiment: presentation of methodology and preliminary findings”.   ppt5
A workshop organised by the Agency of East Lombardy for Transport and Logistics (ALOT) in the framework of Munich fair took place on 4-7 June, 2013 in Munich. ROSEE Workshopsessions concerned a general presentation of the project, road safety on primary and secondary network and road safety audit and management.
The ceremony for the 2013 Environmental Sensitivity Awards OIKOPOLIS 2013, organised by ECOCITY took place on June 5th, 2013, in Athens. The OIKOPOLIS awards aim to promote general environmental awareness and develop social participation of enterprises, associations and institutions to undertake or support actions for the environment. NTUA Associate Professor George Yannis was awarded for his overall scientific work on sustainable urban mobility, including his extensive work on road safety.  He underlined that “urban mobility and safety are primary components of the urban environment and that the transportation engineers in Greece persist fighting to convincing authorities and citizens for the necessary sustainable mobility and safety solutions in the Greek cities”.  
ETSC’s expectations of the European Commission’s upcoming urban mobility package (that will be presented in late 2013), is that it will lay out measures that will contribute to reducing road deaths by 50% by 2020 in urban areas. Transport safety should be considered as an essential component of sustainable mobility and mobility planning. In attempting to secure change in urban mobility patterns, road safety can be regarded as a critical challenge, largely because of the social and economic cost of road collisions. Real and perceived safety can have a profound effect on modal choice especially in terms of the most sustainable modes of travel – walking and cycling and ability to access public transport. ETSC strongly recommends that safety should be integrated not only into the development of Urban Mobility Plans, but also into proposed Urban Mobility Audits and Guidelines and be reflected in common targets. pdf5
The Global Road Safety Partnership Annual Report has recently been published. The report summarises in brief the actions taken by the Global Road Safety Partnership during the year 2012 to encourage and to increase road safety efforts within the framework of the Decade of Action and to build and share knowledge to achieve a reduction in road crash death and injury.
Make Roads Safe, the campaign for global road safety issued the Report Safe Roads for All, a post-2015 agenda for health and development. This is the new report from the Commission for Global Road Safety, urging a road safety target to be included in the new UN Sustainable Development Goals. 
The International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published a leaflet on Cycling Safety. This leaflet presents preliminary 2012 data for more than a dozen selected transport indicators as well as total import and export values for ITF member countries. It also presents graphs and a short analysis of the transport activity in the global economic context highlighting the main changes over the previous year. pdf5

The final SOL conference on “Comprehensive road safety strategy for Central Europe” organised by the Agency of East Lombardy for Transport and Logistics (ALOT) took place on May 27th, 2013 in Brussels. The conference highlighted the undertaken actions and the results, including the SOL Road Safety Guidelines, which were produced during the project SOL – Save Our Lives, cofinanced by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and carried out within the framework of the European Programme of Territorial Cooperation Central Europe.

NTUA Professor George Yannis presented “ROSEE – Road Safety Policies and Measures in South East European Regions“. ppt5

The International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published the Annual Report 2013, which comprises a synthesis of the main trends and road safety indicators for the year 2011 and preliminary data for the year 2012. It presents longer-term trends in order to better understand the developments taking place in the different countries. 2012 will mark a record year, with figures showing the lowest fatalities on record for most OECD-IRTAD countries, however, there is still a long way to go in order to achieve the 2020 UN Decade of Action target, which is to reduce by 50% the expected number of fatalities worldwide. Moreover, a report activity of the IRTAD Group summarising the activities of the Group and detailed reports from 32 countries are presented. NTUA has contributed to the detailed report for Greece.pdf5